A species of bats Hipposideros cineraceus (21 individuals captured, two specimens made) was collected in Fangkong Cave (N: 22°07', E: 107°07', H: 120 m a.s.l.), Zhidong Village, Mingjiang Town, Ningming County, Guangxi Province, South China, in 7 September, 2006. This bat species is the smallest hipposideros in China so far with 32.4 – 36.0 mm forearm and 3.7 – 4.5 body mass. The noseleaf is relatively simple that its anterior leaf is without a median emargination or supplementary lateral leaflets. The intermediate leaf has four glands with long vibrissae. The posterior leaf possesses three poorly developed septa, dividing it into four cells. The internarial septum is inflated and bulbous. The ear is relatively large, slight beyond the end of muzzle when laid forward. This bat species is the first record from this country. The specimens were preserved in Guangdong Entomological Institute.