Volume 31 Issue 5
Sep.  2010
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XIAN Yi-Jie, WANG Ke-Xiong, JIANG Wen-Hua, ZHENG Bang-You, WANG Ding. Ethogram of Yangtze finless porpoise calves (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis). Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 523-530. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05523
Citation: XIAN Yi-Jie, WANG Ke-Xiong, JIANG Wen-Hua, ZHENG Bang-You, WANG Ding. Ethogram of Yangtze finless porpoise calves (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis). Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 523-530. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05523

Ethogram of Yangtze finless porpoise calves (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis)

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05523
Funds:  National Basic Research Program of China (2007CB411600); National Natural Science Foundation of China (30730018); President Fund of Chinese Academy of Sciences (220103)
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  • Author Bio:

    XIAN Yi-Jie

  • Corresponding author: WANG Ding
  • Received Date: 2010-02-09
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-06-05
  • Publish Date: 2010-10-22
  • Underwater behavioral patterns of one Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis) calf in captivity and those performed on the water surface by two calves in semi-natural environment were focally followed and continuously recorded until one year postpartum to construct the ethogram. The results indicate that 1) the three calves could display diverse and active behavioral patterns; 2) soon after birth, patterns critical for survival appeared first; 3) playful and social patterns predominated the ethogram; 4) most of the patterns were alike across age classes; 5) most of the patterns appeared at the calves’ early life stage. It is possible that the above characteristics are adaptively shaped by the aquatic and social life of this subspecies.
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