Volume 31 Issue 5
Sep.  2010
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XIA Dong-Po, LI Jin-Hua, ZHU Yong, SUN Bing-Hua, Lori K SHEERAN, Megan D MATHESON. Seasonal variation and synchronization of sexual behaviors in free-ranging male Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 509-515. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05509
Citation: XIA Dong-Po, LI Jin-Hua, ZHU Yong, SUN Bing-Hua, Lori K SHEERAN, Megan D MATHESON. Seasonal variation and synchronization of sexual behaviors in free-ranging male Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(5): 509-515. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05509

Seasonal variation and synchronization of sexual behaviors in free-ranging male Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.05509
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  • Author Bio:

    XIA Dong-Po

  • Corresponding author: LI Jin-Hua
  • Received Date: 2010-01-27
  • Rev Recd Date: 2010-07-29
  • Publish Date: 2010-10-22
  • Although seasonal breeding has been documented in many non-human primates, it is not clear whether sexual behaviors show seasonal variation among male individuals. To test this hypothesis, the focal animal sampling method and continuous recording were used to investigate seasonal variation and synchronization of sexual behaviors in five male Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan from Oct 2005 to Sept 2006. Both copulatory and sexually motivated behaviors (i.e., sexual chase, grimace, and sexual-inspection), which were significantly higher in the mating season than non-mating season. Furthermore, seasonal variations of sexual behaviors, including copulatory and sexually motivated behaviors, were synchronized among males. The results shed light on sexual competition and tactics for reproductive success of male M. thibetana and other non-human primates with seasonal breeding.
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