Volume 30 Issue 1
Jan.  2009
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Marian Plotkin, Stanislav Volynchik, Zahava Barkay, David J. Bergman. Micromorphology and Maturation of the Yellow Granules in the Hornet Gastral Cuticle. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(1): 65-73. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.01065
Citation: Marian Plotkin, Stanislav Volynchik, Zahava Barkay, David J. Bergman. Micromorphology and Maturation of the Yellow Granules in the Hornet Gastral Cuticle. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(1): 65-73. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.01065

Micromorphology and Maturation of the Yellow Granules in the Hornet Gastral Cuticle

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.01065
  • Received Date: 2008-09-05
  • Rev Recd Date: 1900-01-01
  • Publish Date: 2009-02-22
  • The yellow granules in the gastral cuticle of the Oriental hornet Vespa orientalis (Hymenoptera, Vespinae) are located in yellow stripes. In the present study, we focus on the micromorphology and formation of the yellow granules from their inception to their spread in the regions which are destined to acquire a yellow color. The cuticle was observed with several methods of electron microscopy. The results showed that the yellow granules comprise a layer which is 20-25 µm thick, within the total cuticular thickness of 40-45 µm. In the mentioned regions one can see, from above, many apertures of about 0.5 µm in diameter which extends into a peripheral photoreceptor cell. In each yellow granule, one discerns a myoid envelope inside which there are 9 fibrils arranged in a circle. Yellow granules maturation process involves infiltration of canals that give rise to the incipient ball-shaped primary granules which increase in number (as a result of continues budding off the walls of a canal) as the cuticle matures and transform into secondary barrel shaped granules, becoming elongated and then splitting into shorter barrels that fill up the entire area. Preliminary examinations have suggested liver-like function activity within the layer of yellow granules.
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