Volume 43 Issue 6
Nov.  2022
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Qiang Ma, Wenji Ma, Tian-Zhang Song, Zhaobo Wu, Zeyuan Liu, Zhenxiang Hu, Jian-Bao Han, Ling Xu, Bo Zeng, Bosong Wang, Yinuo Sun, Dan-Dan Yu, Qian Wu, Yong-Gang Yao, Yong-Tang Zheng, Xiaoqun Wang. Single-nucleus transcriptomic profiling of multiple organs in a rhesus macaque model of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Zoological Research, 2022, 43(6): 1041-1062. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.443
Citation: Qiang Ma, Wenji Ma, Tian-Zhang Song, Zhaobo Wu, Zeyuan Liu, Zhenxiang Hu, Jian-Bao Han, Ling Xu, Bo Zeng, Bosong Wang, Yinuo Sun, Dan-Dan Yu, Qian Wu, Yong-Gang Yao, Yong-Tang Zheng, Xiaoqun Wang. Single-nucleus transcriptomic profiling of multiple organs in a rhesus macaque model of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Zoological Research, 2022, 43(6): 1041-1062. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.443

Single-nucleus transcriptomic profiling of multiple organs in a rhesus macaque model of SARS-CoV-2 infection

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2022.443
The raw sequencing data used in this study were deposited in the Genome Sequence Archive (GSA) database of the National Genomics Data Center (NGDC) under accession number CRA006787, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) of the NCBI under accession number GSE217483, and Science Data Bank (doi:10.57760/sciencedb.06252). All other data supporting the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
X.W., Y.T.Z., and Y.G.Y. conceived the project and designed the experiments. T.Z.S., Z.H., J.B.H., L.X., and D.D.Y. constructed the animal model and collected the samples. Q.M. and Z.L. performed the single-nucleus RNA-seq experiments. W.M., Z.W., B.Z., and Y.S. analyzed the RNA-seq data. Q.M. and B.W. performed tissue sectioning and immunostaining. Q.M., W.M., and Q.W. wrote the manuscript and all authors edited and proofed the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
#Authors contributed equally to this work
Funds:  This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (2020YFA0804000, 2020YFC0842000, 2020YFA0112200, 2021YFC2301703); Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB32010100); Special Associate Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (E1290601); National Natural Science Foundation of China (32122037, 81891001, 32192411, 32100512, U1902215); Collaborative Research Fund of the Chinese Institute for Brain Research, Beijing (2020-NKX-PT-03); CAS Project for Young Scientists in Basic Research (YSBR-013); Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by the China Association for Science and Technology (2020QNRC001); and National Resource Center for Non-Human Primates
More Information
  • Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes diverse clinical manifestations and tissue injuries in multiple organs. However, cellular and molecular understanding of SARS-CoV-2 infection-associated pathology and immune defense features in different organs remains incomplete. Here, we profiled approximately 77 000 single-nucleus transcriptomes of the lung, liver, kidney, and cerebral cortex in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) infected with SARS-CoV-2 and healthy controls. Integrated analysis of the multi-organ dataset suggested that the liver harbored the strongest global transcriptional alterations. We observed prominent impairment in lung epithelial cells, especially in AT2 and ciliated cells, and evident signs of fibrosis in fibroblasts. These lung injury characteristics are similar to those reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Furthermore, we found suppressed MHC class I/II molecular activity in the lung, inflammatory response in the liver, and activation of the kynurenine pathway, which induced the development of an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Analysis of the kidney dataset highlighted tropism of tubule cells to SARS-CoV-2, and we found membranous nephropathy (an autoimmune disease) caused by podocyte dysregulation. In addition, we identified the pathological states of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes in the cerebral cortex, providing molecular insights into COVID-19-related neurological implications. Overall, our multi-organ single-nucleus transcriptomic survey of SARS-CoV-2-infected rhesus macaques broadens our understanding of disease features and antiviral immune defects caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, which may facilitate the development of therapeutic interventions for COVID-19.
  • The raw sequencing data used in this study were deposited in the Genome Sequence Archive (GSA) database of the National Genomics Data Center (NGDC) under accession number CRA006787, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) of the NCBI under accession number GSE217483, and Science Data Bank (doi:10.57760/sciencedb.06252). All other data supporting the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
    Supplementary data to this article can be found online.
    The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
    X.W., Y.T.Z., and Y.G.Y. conceived the project and designed the experiments. T.Z.S., Z.H., J.B.H., L.X., and D.D.Y. constructed the animal model and collected the samples. Q.M. and Z.L. performed the single-nucleus RNA-seq experiments. W.M., Z.W., B.Z., and Y.S. analyzed the RNA-seq data. Q.M. and B.W. performed tissue sectioning and immunostaining. Q.M., W.M., and Q.W. wrote the manuscript and all authors edited and proofed the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
    #Authors contributed equally to this work
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