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Review of mtDNA in molecular evolution studies

CHEN Xing SHEN Yong-Yi ZHANG Ya-Ping

CHEN Xing, SHEN Yong-Yi, ZHANG Ya-Ping. Review of mtDNA in molecular evolution studies. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(6): 566-573. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.06566
Citation: CHEN Xing, SHEN Yong-Yi, ZHANG Ya-Ping. Review of mtDNA in molecular evolution studies. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(6): 566-573. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.06566

线粒体DNA在分子进化研究中的应用

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.06566
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (31172080)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q57; Q111.2+3

Review of mtDNA in molecular evolution studies

  • 摘要: 线粒体作为古老的细胞器广泛存在于真核生物中, 由于线粒体DNA的高进化速率, 已被作为DNA标记广泛应用于现代分子生物学研究.长期以来, 线粒体DNA一直被认为是中性进化或者受到纯净化选择.线粒体通过氧化呼吸链提供>95%的动物运动所需的自由能, 并提供保持体温的热能.据此, 近期已有研究推测并验证了线粒体与动物运动能力及气候适应性的相关性.该文简述线粒体基因组成及其进化, 通过列举线粒体DNA在分子进化研究中的应用(如利用线粒体DNA重建物种的系统发育关系、从线粒体DNA角度分析生物能量代谢的适应性进化以及线粒体DNA 密码子重定义对生物适应性的作用等), 概述了线粒体DNA 的分子进化研究.
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-10-10
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