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Dietary differences and niche partitioning in three sympatric Myotis Species

HU Kai-Liang YANG Jian TAN Liang-Jing ZHANG Li-Biao

HU Kai-Liang, YANG Jian, TAN Liang-Jing, ZHANG Li-Biao. Dietary differences and niche partitioning in three sympatric Myotis Species. Zoological Research, 2012, (2): 177-181. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02177
Citation: HU Kai-Liang, YANG Jian, TAN Liang-Jing, ZHANG Li-Biao. Dietary differences and niche partitioning in three sympatric Myotis Species. Zoological Research, 2012, (2): 177-181. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02177

同地共栖三种鼠耳蝠食性差异及其生态位分化

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02177
基金项目: 广东省科学院人才基金(粤科优[2008]02 号); 北京林业大学 985 优势学科建设平台项目
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q959.833; Q958.122.5

Dietary differences and niche partitioning in three sympatric Myotis Species

  • 摘要: 2005年9—11月在贵州省安龙县笃山乡暗河村,分析了共栖同一山洞3种鼠耳蝠的形态特征和食性。在体型上,华南水鼠耳蝠体重为(4.46±0.53)g,前臂长为(34.63±1.45)mm;毛腿鼠耳蝠体重为(5.15±1.76)g,前臂长为(35.20±1.07)mm;西南鼠耳蝠体重为(10.94±0.87)g,前臂长为(45.21±1.15)mm。3种鼠耳蝠的体重两两之间差异显著,西南鼠耳蝠与另外2种鼠耳蝠的前臂长相比两两之间差异显著。在食物组成上,华南水鼠耳蝠主要捕食近水面活动的双翅目及其幼虫,体积百分比和频次百分比分别为79.7%和100%;毛腿鼠耳蝠主要捕食双翅目和小型鞘翅目,体积百分比分别占59.6%和28.8%,频次百分比分别为91.3%和80.1%;西南鼠耳蝠的食物组成主要为近地面或在地表活动的鞘翅目步甲科和埋葬虫科昆虫,体积百分比和频次百分比分别为80.8%和100%;3种鼠耳蝠食物组成存在显著差异。结果表明,同地共栖3种鼠耳蝠除了形态结构上出现差异,食物组成也存在明显的差异。据此,推测3种鼠耳蝠可能采取不同的捕食生境和捕食策略,从而导致捕食生态位分离,避免出现激烈竞争,使得3种近缘鼠耳蝠能够同地共栖。
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-06-21
  • 修回日期:  2011-12-12
  • 刊出日期:  2012-04-22

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