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Habitat selection of four sympatric pheasants in Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China

LIU Peng HUANG Xiao-Feng GU Shu-Sheng LU Chang-Hu

LIU Peng, HUANG Xiao-Feng, GU Shu-Sheng, LU Chang-Hu. Habitat selection of four sympatric pheasants in Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2012, (2): 170-176. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02170
Citation: LIU Peng, HUANG Xiao-Feng, GU Shu-Sheng, LU Chang-Hu. Habitat selection of four sympatric pheasants in Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2012, (2): 170-176. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02170

江西官山自然保护区四种雉类的生境选择差异

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.02170
基金项目: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划课题资助项目(2008BADB0B01); 江西省农业支撑计划(20051A0500301)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958

Habitat selection of four sympatric pheasants in Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China

  • 摘要: 2009年10月—2010年11月在江西官山国家级自然保护区对白颈长尾雉、白鹇、勺鸡和灰胸竹鸡4种雉类的生境选择进行了研究:共调查了6条样线上的388个样方,选取了与这四种雉类栖息地相关的17个生态因子进行观测和测量。结果显示,4种雉类均偏好阔叶林和针阔混交林、阳坡或半阴半阳坡的生境。Kruskal-Wallistest检验表明,4种雉类在海拔、坡度、乔木盖度、灌木盖度、灌木数量、灌木高度、草本盖度、草本种类、草本数量、落叶层盖度和水源距离11个生态因子上存在极显著差异(P<0.01),乔木种类存在显著差异(P<0.05),其余生态因子无显著差异(P>0.05)。典则判别函数图显示,4种雉类在生境选择上存在一定程度的重叠,又有比较明显的差异。逐步判别表明在区分4种雉类生境选择差异方面有一系列的生态因子发挥作用,依照贡献值的大小依次为海拔、草本数量、灌木高度、水源距离、灌木盖度、乔木盖度、坡度、落叶层盖度、灌木数量、草本盖度。由这10个变量构成的方程对4种雉类生境选择差异的正确区分率为74.7%。
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  • 收稿日期:  2011-10-20
  • 修回日期:  2012-01-09
  • 刊出日期:  2012-04-22

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