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Characterization and comparison of the doppler compensation acoustic wave in Hipposideros armiger

WANG Xu-Zhong HU Kai-Liang WEI Li XU Dong ZHANG Li-Biao

WANG Xu-Zhong, HU Kai-Liang, WEI Li, XU Dong, ZHANG Li-Biao. Characterization and comparison of the doppler compensation acoustic wave in Hipposideros armiger. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 663-669. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06663
Citation: WANG Xu-Zhong, HU Kai-Liang, WEI Li, XU Dong, ZHANG Li-Biao. Characterization and comparison of the doppler compensation acoustic wave in Hipposideros armiger. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 663-669. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06663

大蹄蝠多普勒正负补偿效应的声波特征与比较

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06663
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(30800102)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王绪中, 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事动物生态学研究; E-mail: crownknight@sina.com

    通讯作者:

    张礼标

  • 中图分类号: Q959.833; Q437

Characterization and comparison of the doppler compensation acoustic wave in Hipposideros armiger

More Information
    Author Bio:

    WANG Xu-Zhong,E-mail: crownknight@sina.com

    Corresponding author: ZHANG Li-Biao
  • 摘要: 利用单摆装置模拟大蹄蝠的飞行状态并实时记录其回声定位信号, 以研究其多普勒频移补偿行为。与其静息状态下的超声波特征比较, 发现大蹄蝠在接近目标的过程中有多普勒正补偿效应:叫声频率随相对速度改变而成正相关变化; 当相对速度最大时, 其叫声频率相对静息状态频率降低最多, 而相对速度为零时, 叫声频率回复到静息时频率。而当大蹄蝠远离目标时, 有多普勒负补偿效应: 叫声频率随相对速度改变成正相关变化, 叫声频率在相对速度最大时, 升高最多, 但相同速度下升高之值较正补偿值低得多。另外, 负补偿效应出现的频率较正补偿值低, 这可能是由蝙蝠生理结构的限制以及自然状态下罕见的多普勒负补偿条件所决定。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-07-22
  • 修回日期:  2010-10-27
  • 刊出日期:  2010-12-22

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