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Species composition and biodiversity of fish community in Dalian Lake, Shanghai

YUE Feng LUO Zu-Kui WU Di PEI En-Le WANG Tian-Hou

YUE Feng, LUO Zu-Kui, WU Di, PEI En-Le, WANG Tian-Hou. Species composition and biodiversity of fish community in Dalian Lake, Shanghai. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 657-662. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06657
Citation: YUE Feng, LUO Zu-Kui, WU Di, PEI En-Le, WANG Tian-Hou. Species composition and biodiversity of fish community in Dalian Lake, Shanghai. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 657-662. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06657

上海大莲湖鱼类群落组成及生物多样性

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06657
基金项目: 上海市科学和技术委员会重大科技支撑项目 (08DZ1203200, 08DZ1203202, 08DZ1203203)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    岳 峰, 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事湿地生态学研究, E-mail: yuefengfeifei@126.com

    通讯作者:

    王天厚

  • 中图分类号: Q958.155; Q959.408

Species composition and biodiversity of fish community in Dalian Lake, Shanghai

Funds: The research grants (08DZ1203200, 08DZ1203202, 08DZ1203203) of the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality
More Information
    Author Bio:

    YUE Feng, E-mail: yuefengfeifei@126.com

    Corresponding author: WANG Tian-Hou
  • 摘要: 于2009年4月11—19日、4月27—5月8日和5月20—29日3个时间段对大莲湖的鱼类群落特征及其多样性组成进行了调查, 共收集鱼类样本24 061尾, 隶属11科17属22种。群落优势种为鲫 (Carassius auratus), 占样本个体总数的76.38%; Shannon-Wiener多样性指数 (H¢)为1.0027, Simpson优势度指数 (l)为0.5959, Pielous均匀度指数 (J¢)为0.3244, Margalef种类丰富度指标 (D )为2.0816, 相对稀有种数 (R )为90.91%; 鱼类群落可分为3个生态类型:江海洄游性鱼类有3种、河湖洄游性鱼类1种和定居性鱼类18种。鱼类食性可分为5种类型:食鱼性鱼类9种、食无脊椎动物性鱼类2种、杂食性鱼类7种、食浮游生物性鱼类有3种和草食性鱼类1种。研究结果表明:大莲湖鱼类群落的多样性指标处于较低水平, 稳定性较低; 相对于黄埔江下游地区, 大莲湖的食鱼性鱼类比例较高, 说明位于黄浦江上游的大莲湖之水质好于下游流域。为保护和持续利用大莲湖鱼类资源, 应加强监管和对生态环境的保护。
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  • 收稿日期:  2010-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2010-09-10
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