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Summer habitat selection of alpine musk deer in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Northwestern China

TONG Meng WANG Xiang-Wei PAN Shi-Xiu AN Tan-Hong FENG Jin-Chao MENG Xiu-Xia

TONG Meng, WANG Xiang-Wei, PAN Shi-Xiu, AN Tan-Hong, FENG Jin-Chao, MENG Xiu-Xia. Summer habitat selection of alpine musk deer in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Northwestern China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 610-616. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06610
Citation: TONG Meng, WANG Xiang-Wei, PAN Shi-Xiu, AN Tan-Hong, FENG Jin-Chao, MENG Xiu-Xia. Summer habitat selection of alpine musk deer in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Northwestern China. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 610-616. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06610

甘肃兴隆山自然保护区马麝夏季栖息地特征及生境选择格局

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.06610
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(30770286);教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划” (NCET-08-0596);“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2008BADB0B06)
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    通讯作者:

    孟秀祥

  • 中图分类号: Q958.11; Q959.842

Summer habitat selection of alpine musk deer in Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Northwestern China

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    Corresponding author: MENG Xiu-Xiang
  • 摘要: 2006—2008年夏季(7—8月), 对甘肃兴隆山自然保护区马麝(Moschus Sifanicus)的栖息地特征和夏季生境选择格局进行了研究。用Mann-Whitney U检验和χ2检验比较了马麝夏季利用生境样地(n=71)和对照性非利用样地(n=264)间的海拔等17个生态变量的差异, 结果表明, 兴隆山马麝夏季利用生境的郁闭度 [(53.87±3.09) %]和乔木均高 [(7.57±0.83) m] 均显著大于非利用样地[郁闭度:(49.07±1.66) %,乔木均高:(6.33±0.32) m], 喜食植物多度[(12.97±1.80)]株也显著大于非利用样地[(9.61±0.67)株]。此外, 与非利用样地相比, 兴隆山马麝夏季倾向于选择位于中坡位较陡(67.61%)、距离水源较近(<1 000 m, 77.46%)、隐蔽度(88.73%) 和避风性均较好(90%)及距人为干扰较远(>1 000 m, 76.06%)的生境; 主成分分析结果表明, 前4个因子的累积贡献率达72.45%, 由乔木胸径和乔木郁闭度变量组成的乔木因子是决定马麝夏季生境选择的首要因素, 此外, 海拔因子,由地表植被盖度和食物多度组成的食物因子,由灌木盖度、乔木密度和灌木均高所组成的灌木因子也是表征兴隆山马麝夏季喜栖生境的重要因子。兴隆山马麝对夏季生境的选择是多维层面进行的生境适宜性的权衡, 是对其夏季的食物、隐蔽地、水源和栖息基底等生态需求的综合反映。
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  • 收稿日期:  2010-06-04
  • 修回日期:  2010-11-18
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