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Genetic diversity and temporal changes of an endemic cyprinid fish species, Ancherythroculter nigrocauda, from the upper reaches of Yangtze River

Dong-Dong Zhai Wen-Jing Li Huan-Zhang Liu Wen-Xuan Cao Xin Gao

Dong-Dong Zhai, Wen-Jing Li, Huan-Zhang Liu, Wen-Xuan Cao, Xin Gao. Genetic diversity and temporal changes of an endemic cyprinid fish species, Ancherythroculter nigrocauda, from the upper reaches of Yangtze River. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(5): 427-438. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.027
Citation: Dong-Dong Zhai, Wen-Jing Li, Huan-Zhang Liu, Wen-Xuan Cao, Xin Gao. Genetic diversity and temporal changes of an endemic cyprinid fish species, Ancherythroculter nigrocauda, from the upper reaches of Yangtze River. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(5): 427-438. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.027

长江上游特有鱼类黑尾近红鲌的遗传多样性及其时间变化

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.027

Genetic diversity and temporal changes of an endemic cyprinid fish species, Ancherythroculter nigrocauda, from the upper reaches of Yangtze River

Funds: the Special Program for Basic Science and Technology Research(2014FY120200);Research Project of China Three Gorges Corporation(0799570);Research Project of Hubei Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Project for Conservation of Fishes(SXSN/4381)
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    Corresponding author: Xin Gao
  • 摘要: 小种群的遗传多样性较低,灭绝概率较高,了解小种群的遗传多样性和遗传结构状况及其对人为活动的遗传响应有助于制定保护措施。本研究利用线粒体cyt b基因和微卫星两种分子标记,分析了2016–2017年长江上游特有鱼类黑尾近红鲌5个不同地理种群(龙溪河、赤水河、木洞河、磨刀溪、大宁河)的遗传多样性和遗传结构。结果表明,黑尾近红鲌5个不同地理种群的单倍型多样性、核苷酸多样性和期望杂合度等遗传多样性指标均较低,明显低于2001年的水平。遗传分化指数FST结果显示不同地理种群之间存在显著的遗传分化,但是,在2001年,这些地理种群之间没有明显的遗传分化。单倍型网络图结果显示有8/15的单倍型只属于其中一个地理种群。微卫星遗传结构分析结果显示在黑尾近红鲌的样本中存在4个遗传簇,赤水河和木洞河种群属于同一个簇,其余的地理种群都是单独的簇。总体而言,长江上游黑尾近红鲌种群出现了遗传多样性下降和地理种群分化的现象,主要原因可能是水坝建设、过度捕捞和水环境污染等。因此,建议禁止捕捞,控制污染,恢复河流连通性和开展人工增殖放流。
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-12-01
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