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A new species of the Southeast Asian genus Opisthotropis (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China

Jin-Long Ren Kai Wang Ke Jiang Peng Guo Jia-Tang Li

Jin-Long Ren, Kai Wang, Ke Jiang, Peng Guo, Jia-Tang Li. A new species of the Southeast Asian genus Opisthotropis (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(5): 251-263. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.068
Citation: Jin-Long Ren, Kai Wang, Ke Jiang, Peng Guo, Jia-Tang Li. A new species of the Southeast Asian genus Opisthotropis (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(5): 251-263. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.068

后棱蛇属Opisthotropis(蛇亚目:游蛇科:水游蛇亚科)一新种

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.068
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Jia-Tang Li, lijt@cib.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号:  

A new species of the Southeast Asian genus Opisthotropis (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China

Funds: This study was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDPB0202); National Natural Science Foundation of China (31722049, 31772434, 31372173); Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y4ZK111B01); National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC0505202); Frontier Science Key Research Programs of CAS (QYZDB-SSW-SMC058) and Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS  
More Information
    Corresponding author: Jia-Tang Li, lijt@cib.ac.cn
  • 摘要: 后棱蛇属Opisthotropis Günther,1872物种分布于中国南部和东南亚的广泛区域。基于线粒体DNA与形态学证据,描述了后棱蛇属Opisthotropis一新种赵氏后棱蛇Opisthotropis zhaoermii sp.nov. ,该物种目前仅知于模式产地湖南古丈县。该新种在遗传与形态上与莽山后棱蛇O.cheni Zhao,1999和山溪后棱蛇O. latouchii(Boulenger,1899)最为接近,但遗传距离与本属其他物种差异较大(5.1%-16.7%),并可根据以下形态学特征与本属其他物种进行区分:(1)体型较大(体全长514-586 mm)而粗壮;(2)通身背鳞17行,前部起弱棱而后增强;(3)腹鳞147-152枚,尾下鳞54-62枚;(4)无眶前鳞,颊鳞延长而入眶;(5)上唇鳞8-9,第五枚与第六枚入眶;(6)前颞鳞短,长宽比1.74-2.04;(7)上颌齿等大,28-30枚;(8)头背有边缘赭色的不规则黄色线纹;(9)身体有黑黄相间的纵纹,体前部的部分纵纹合并成数个浅色斑块或条纹;(10)腹部浅黄色,外侧有不对称点斑。此外,本研究更新了后棱蛇属所有物种的检索表,对该类群的生态学研究提出了建议。
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-08-30
  • 修回日期:  2017-09-08
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-18

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