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Interspecific variation of thermoregulation between small migratory and resident passerines in Wenzhou

Qing-Gang QIAO Hong-Ji LIANG Min-Lan BAI Wei-Hong ZHENG Jin-Song LIU

Qing-Gang QIAO, Hong-Ji LIANG, Min-Lan BAI, Wei-Hong ZHENG, Jin-Song LIU. Interspecific variation of thermoregulation between small migratory and resident passerines in Wenzhou. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(3): 167-175. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.167
Citation: Qing-Gang QIAO, Hong-Ji LIANG, Min-Lan BAI, Wei-Hong ZHENG, Jin-Song LIU. Interspecific variation of thermoregulation between small migratory and resident passerines in Wenzhou. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(3): 167-175. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.167

温州地区小型雀形目留鸟与候鸟产热调节的种间差异

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.167
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Jin-Song LIU

Interspecific variation of thermoregulation between small migratory and resident passerines in Wenzhou

Funds: This study was financially supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31470472), the National Undergraduate "Innovation" Project and the Zhejiang Province "Xinmiao" Project
More Information
    Corresponding author: Jin-Song LIU
  • 摘要: 表型变化的是生理适应性调节的根本原因。基础代谢率(Basal metabolic rate, BMR)是代谢产热的最低值,在研究鸟类代谢适应性调节时受到广泛的关注。在本研究中,我们测定了温州地区蜡嘴雀,白腰文鸟和红头长尾山雀三种小型雀类的产热特点。代谢率用封闭式氧呼吸仪测定,动物呼吸室体积为3.5L。在测量代谢期间,我们用数字温度计通过泄殖腔测定了鸟的体温(Tb),并通过Tb和BMR计算得到最低热传导。当环境温度(Ta)变化时,蜡嘴雀基本能够维持Tb的恒定,但是白腰文鸟和红头长尾山雀的Tb发生了变化。在热中性区内,蜡嘴雀,白腰文鸟和红头长尾山雀的平均BMR分别为2.48±0.09 O2 (mL)/g/h、3.44±0.16 O2 (mL)/g/h和3.55±0.20 O2 (mL)/g/h;最低热传导分别为0.13±0.00、0.36±0.01,和0.37±0.01 O2 (mL)/g/h/℃。这些鸟类的生理生态特点总结为:(1)蜡嘴雀具有相对高的Tb和BMR,相对低的下临界温度(热中性温度)和最低热传导,而且代谢率对环境温度的变化表现出相对低的敏感性;(2)白腰文鸟和红头长尾山雀有相对高的热传导和下临界温度,相对低的BMR,这些特点可以更好的适应相对低代谢产热需求的温暖环境。总之,这些特点表明小型雀类中留鸟和候鸟具有不同的代谢产热调节特点。
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