留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

History of study, updated checklist, distribution and key of scorpions (Arachnida:Scorpiones) from China

Zhi-Yong DI Zi-Zhong YANG Shi-Jin YIN Zhi-Jian CAO Wen-Xin LI

Zhi-Yong DI, Zi-Zhong YANG, Shi-Jin YIN, Zhi-Jian CAO, Wen-Xin LI. History of study, updated checklist, distribution and key of scorpions (Arachnida:Scorpiones) from China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(1): 3-19. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.1.003
Citation: Zhi-Yong DI, Zi-Zhong YANG, Shi-Jin YIN, Zhi-Jian CAO, Wen-Xin LI. History of study, updated checklist, distribution and key of scorpions (Arachnida:Scorpiones) from China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(1): 3-19. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.1.003

History of study, updated checklist, distribution and key of scorpions (Arachnida:Scorpiones) from China

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.1.003
基金项目: This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31071942), the Basic Project of Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2007FY210800), and the 973 program (2010CB529800).
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Wen-Xin LI

History of study, updated checklist, distribution and key of scorpions (Arachnida:Scorpiones) from China

  • 摘要: This review describes the history of taxonomic research on scorpions and provides an updated checklist and key of the scorpions currently known in China. This checklist is based on a thorough review of the extant literatures on scorpion species whose presence has been confirmed in China through field expeditions and examination of scorpion collections, excepting a few members that have no clear distribution or are currently in doubt. Totally, the scorpion fauna of China consists of 53 species and subspecies belonging to 12 genera crossing five families, with 33 species (62.3%) and one genus being recorded as endemic. Additionally, identification key and the distribution of scorpions from China are provided.
  • [1] Bastawade DB. 2006. Arachnida: Scorpionida, Uropygi, Schizomida and Oncopodid Opiliones (Chelicerata). Zool. Surv, India. Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, State Fauna Series, 13(2): 449-465.
    [2] Birula AA. 1897. Miscellanea scorpiologica. II Zur Synonymie der russischen Scorpione. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Acadé-mie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 2: 377-391.
    [3] Birula AA. 1904. Miscellanea scorpiologica VI. Ueber einige Buthus-Arten Centralasiens nebst ihrer geographischen Verbreitung. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 9: 20-27.
    [4] Birula AA. 1911. Arachnologische Beiträge I Zur Scorpionen- und Solifugen-Fauna des Chinesischen Reiches. Revue Russe d’Entom-ologie, 11(2): 195-201.
    [5] Cloudsley-Thompson JL. 1990. Scorpions in mythology, folklore and history. In: Polis GA. The Biology of Scorpions. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 462-485.
    [6] Di ZY, Zhu MS. 2009a. One new species of the Genus Scorpiops Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae) from Tibet, China. Zootaxa, 2030: 39-48.
    [7] Di, ZY, Zhu MS. 2009b. A new species of Chaerilus Simon, 1877 (Scorpiones, Chaerilidae) from China. Acta Arachnologica, 58(2): 97-102.
    [8] Di ZY, Zhu MS. 2009c. The male of Euscorpiops karschi (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae) from China (Tibet). Arthropoda Selecta, 18(1/2): 9-16.
    [9] Di ZY, Zhu MS. 2010. Redescription of Scorpiops margerisonae Kovařík, 2000, with the first record of its female, from China (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Euscorpius, 104: 1-9.
    [10] Di ZY, Wu YL, Cao ZJ, Fan LQ, Li WX. 2009. The genus Chaerilus Simon, 1877 (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae) in China, with a description of the female C. tricostatus Pocock, 1899. Arthropoda Selecta, 18(3/4): 131-138.
    [11] Di ZY, Cao ZJ, Wu YL, Li WX. 2010a. A new species of the Genus Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae) from Yun’nan, China. Zootaxa, 2361: 13-22.
    [12] Di ZY, Wu YL, Cao ZJ, Xiao H, Li WX. 2010b. A catalogue of the genus Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae) from China, with description of a new species. Zootaxa, 2477: 49-61.
    [13] Di ZY, He YW, Wu YL, Cao ZJ, Liu H, Jiang DH, Li WX. 2011a. The scorpions of Yunnan (China): updated identification key, new record and redescriptions of Euscorpiops kubani and E. shidian (Arachnida, Scorpiones). ZooKeys, 82: 1-33.
    [14] Di ZY, He YW, Cao ZJ, Wu YL, Li WX. 2011b. The first record of the family Euscorpiidae (Arachnida: Scorpiones) from Central China, with a key of Chinese species of the genus Scorpiops. Euscorpius, 116: 1-11.
    [15] Di ZY, Cao ZJ, Wu YL, Zhu L, Liu H, Li WX. 2013a. The scorpions of Hainan Island, China (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Euscorpius, 153: 1-22.
    [16] Di ZY, Xu XB, Cao ZJ, Wu YL, Li WX. 2013b. Notes on the scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones) from Tibet with the redescription of Scorpiops jendeki Kovařík, 2000 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from Yunnan (China). ZooKeys, 301: 51-99.
    [17] Fet V. 2000a. Family Chaerilidae Pocock, 1893. In: Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 323-328.
    [18] Fet V. 2000b. Family Ischnuridae Simon, 1879. In: Catalog of the Scorpions of the world (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 383-408.
    [19] Fet V. 2000c. Family Scorpionidae Latreille, 1802. In: Catalog of the Scorpions of the world (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 427-486.
    [20] Fet V. 2000d. Family Scorpiopidae Kraepelin, 1905. In: Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 487-495.
    [21] Fet V, Braunwalder ME, Cameron HD. 2002. Scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones) described by Linnaeus. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Socity, 12(4): 176-182.
    [22] Fet V, Lowe G. 2000. Family Buthidae C. L. Koch, 1837. In: Catalog of the Scorpions of the world (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 54-286.
    [23] Fet V, Sissom WD. 2000. Family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896. In: Sissom FWD, Lowe G, Braunwalder M. Catalog of the Scorpions of the world (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society, 355-380.
    [24] Fet V, El-Hennawy H, Braunwalder ME, Cloudsley-Thompson JL. 2009. The first observation on scorpion biogeography by Aristotle. Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 44: 147-150.
    [25] Fet V, Sissom WD, Lowe G, Braunwalder ME. 2000. Catalog of the Scorpions of the World (1758-1998). New York: The New York Entomological Society.
    [26] Hirst S. 1911. Descriptions of new scorpions. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 8(46): 462-473.
    [27] Kishida K. 1939. Arachnida of Jehol, Scorpiones. In: Report of the first scientific expedition to Mandchoukuo under the leadership of Shigeyasu Tokunage, 1933, 5, 1, 4(10): 1-66.
    [28] Kovařík F. 1994. Scorpiops irenae sp. n. from Nepal and Scorpiops hardwickei jendeki subsp. n. from Yunnan, China (Arachnida: Scorpionida. Vaejovidae). Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae, 58: 61-66.
    [29] Kovařík F. 1997. Revision of the genera Lychas and Hemilychas, with descriptions of six new species (Scorpiones, Buthidae)"". Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae, 61: 311-371.
    [30] Kovařík F. 2000a. Revision of family Chaerilidae (Scorpiones), with descriptions of three new species. Serket, 7(2): 38-77.
    [31] Kovařík F. 2000b. Revision of family Scorpiopidae (Scorpiones), with descriptions of six new species. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae, 64: 153-201.
    [32] Kovařík F. 2003. A review of the genus Isometrus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) with descriptions of four new species from Asia and Australia. Euscorpius, 10: 1-19.
    [33] Kovařík F. 2004a. Euscorpiops kubani sp. nov. from Laos (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno), 89: 13-18.
    [34] Kovařík F. 2004b. A review of the genus Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828, with descriptions of seven new species (Scorpiones, Scorpi-onidae). Euscorpius, 15: 1-60.
    [35] Kovařík F. 2004c. Revision and taxonomic position of genera Afghanorthochirus Lourenço & Vachon, Baloorthochirus Kovařík, Butheolus Simon, Nanobuthus Pocock, Orthochiroides Kovařík, Pakistanorthochirus Lourenço, and Asian Orthochirus Karsch, with descriptions of twelve new species (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Euscorpius, 16: 1-33.
    [36] Kovařík F. 2005. Three new species of the genera Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 and Scorpiops Peters, 1861 from Asia (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae). Euscorpius, 27: 1-10.
    [37] Kovařík F. 2007. A revision of the genus Hottentotta Birula, 1908, with descriptions of four new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 58: 1-107.
    [38] Kovařík F. 2012a. Euscorpiops thaomischi sp. n. from Vietnam and a key to species of the genus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae: Scorpiopinae). Euscorpius, 142: 1-8.
    [39] Kovařík F. 2012b. Five new species of Chaerilus Simon, 1877 from China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae). Euscorpius, 149: 1-14.
    [40] Kovařík F, Whitman S. 2004. Cataloghi del Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Università di Firenze - Sezione di Zoologia La Specola. XXII. Arachnida scorpiones. Tipi. Addenda (1988-2004) e checklist della collezione (Euscorpiinae esclusi). Atti Soc. To sc. Sci. nat., Mem., Serie B, 111: 103-119.
    [41] Kraepelin K. 1899. Scorpiones und Pedipalpi. In: Herausgegeben von der Deutschen zoologischen Gesellschaft. Berlin: R. Friedlander und Sohn Verlag, 265.
    [42] Lourenço WR, Leguin EA. 2011a. Further Considerations on the species of the genus Orthochirus Karsch, 1891 from Africa, with description of three new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 123: 1-19.
    [43] Lourenço WR, Leguin EA. 2011b. One more new species of the genus Orthochirus Karsch, 1891 from Africa (Scorpiones: Buthidae), Euscorpius, 135: 1-6.
    [44] Lourenço WR, Qi JX. 2006. Mountain scorpions: a new genus and species from Tibet (China). Comptes Rendus Biologies, 329(4): 289-295.
    [45] Lourenço WR, Qi JX, Zhu MS. 2005. Description of two new species of scorpions from China (Tibet) belonging to the genera Mesobuthus Vachon (Buthidae) and Heterometrus Ehrenberg (Scorpionidae). Zootaxa, 985: 1-16.
    [46] Lourenço WR, Qi JX, Zhu MS. 2005. Description of a new species of Isometrus Ehrenberg 1828 (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from the Island of Hainan, China. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 36: 57-63.
    [47] Lourenço WR, Sun D, Zhu MS. 2010. Razianus xinjianganus sp. nov.: A new record Genus and new species of (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from China. Journal of Hebei University: Natural Science Edition, 30(3): 307-312.
    [48] Lourenço WR, Zhu MS. 2008. A new species of the genus Isometrus Ehrenberg 1828 from China (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Acta Zootaxo-nomica Sinica, 33(2): 264-271.
    [49] Monod L, Volschenk ES. 2004. Liocheles litodactylus (Scorpiones: Liochelidae): An unusual new Licheles species from the Australian wet tropics (Queensland). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 49: 675-687.
    [50] Prendini L. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the superfamily Scorpionoidea Latreille, 1802 (Chelicerata, Scorpiones): An exemplar approach. Cladistics, 16(1): 1-78.
    [51] Qi JX, Zhu MS, Lourenço WR. 2004. Redescription of Mesobuthus martensii martensii (Karsch, 1879) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) of China. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 10: 137-144.
    [52] Qi JX, Zhu MS, Lourenço WR. 2005. Eight new species of the genera Scorpiops Peters, Euscorpiops Vachon, and Chaerilus Simon (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Chaerilidae) from Tibet and Yunnan, China. Euscorpius, 32: 1-40.
    [53] Shi CM, Zhang DX. 2005. A review of the systematic research on buthid scorpions (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 30: 470-477.
    [54] Shi CM, Huang ZS, Wang L, He LJ, Hua YP, Leng L, Zhang DX. 2007. Geographical distribution of two species of Mesobuthus (Scorpiones, Buthidae) in China: insights from systematic field surveys and predictive models. The Journal of Arachnology, 35(2): 215-226.
    [55] Sissom WD. 1990. Systematics, biogeography and paleontology. In: The Biology of Scorpions. California: Stanford University Press, 64-160.
    [56] Soleglad ME, Fet V. 2003. High-level systematics and phylogeny of the extant scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni). Euscorpius, 11: 1-175.
    [57] Soleglad ME, Sissom WD. 2001. Phylogeny of the family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896: a major revision. In: Scorpions 2001. In Memorium Gary A. Polis. Bucks: British Arachnological Society, 25-111.
    [58] Song DX. 1998. Arachnida Scorpiones. In: Pictorial Keys to Soil Animals of China. Beijing: Science Press, 131-132, 507-508.
    [59] Song DX, Lv XY, Shang JW. 1982. Morphology and habits of Buthus martensii. Bulletin of Biology, 1: 22-25.
    [60] Stahnke HL. 1967. Scorpiones. Ergebnisse der zoologischen Forsch-ungen von Dr. Z. Kaszab in der Mongolei. 93. Skorpiones. Reichenbachia, 9(6): 59-68.
    [61] Sun D, Sun ZN. 2011. Notes on the genus Mesobuthus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in China, with description of a new species. The Journal of Arachnology, 39(1): 59-75.
    [62] Sun D, Zhu MS. 2010a. One new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 from Yunan, China (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae). Zootaxa, 2399: 61-68.
    [63] Sun D, Zhu MS. 2010b. A new species of the genus Mesobuthus Vachon, 1950 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Xinjiang, China. ZooKeys, 37: 1-12.
    [64] Sun D, Zhu MS, Lourenço WR. 2010. A new species of Mesobuthus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Xinjiang, China, with notes on Mesob-uthus songi. The Journal of Arachnology, 38(1): 35-43.
    [65] Takashima H. 1942. The survey on scorpions and Whip amphipods in East Asia (V). Acta Arachnologica, 7(1): 24-30.
    [66] Takashima H. 1948. Scorpions of Shansi, North China. Acta Arachnologica, 10(3-4): 112-116.
    [67] Takashima H. 1951. Notes on the scorpion of Hainan Island. Acta Arachnologica, 12(3-4): 83-87.
    [68] Teruel R, Rein JO. 2010. A new species of Hottentotta Birula, 1908 from Afghanistan, with a note on the generic position of Mesobuthus songi Lourenço, Qi & Zhu, 2005 (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 94: 1-8.
    [69] Tikader BK, Bastawade DB. 1983. The Fauna of India. Vol. 3. Scorpions (Scorpionida: Arachnida ). Calcutta: Zoo logical Survey of India.
    [70] Thorell T. 1876. On the classification of Scorpions. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 4 (17): 1-15.
    [71] Wang XL, Chen SM. 2007. The Explaining about How the Words of ""Er Ya · Shi Chong"" about Name and Thing Were Named. Journal of Xuzhou Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition), l33(3): 65-69.
    [72] Wu HW. 1936. A review of the scorpions and whip-scorpions of China. Sinensia, 7: 113-127.
    [73] Yu GY. 2004. The diversity of Chinese insect species. Contem-porary entomological research (The Entomological Society of China to establish 60 anniversary conference and Academic Symposium), 177-179.
    [74] Zhang CB, Fang CW, Liu SJ, Ji KM. 2009. The pharmacognosy and pharmacology research of East Asia scorpion Mesobuthus martensii. Journal of Anhui TCM College, 28(2): 57-59.
    [75] Zhang L, Zhu MS. 2009. Morphological variation of Mesobuthus martensii (Karsch, 1879) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Northern China. Euscorpius, 81: 1-17.
    [76] Zhu MS, Han GX, Lourenço WR. 2008. The chaerilid scorpions of China (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae). Zootaxa, 1943: 37-52.
    [77] Zhu MS, Qi JX, Song DX. 2004. A Checklist of Scorpions from China (Arachn ida: Scorpiones). Acta Arachnologica Sinica, 13(2): 111-118.
    [78] Zhu MS, Zhang L, Lourenço WR. 2007. One new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Euscorpiops Vachon, 1980 from South China (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae). Zootaxa, 1582: 19-25. "
  • [1] Simon Musila, Ara Monadjem, Paul W. Webala, Bruce D. Patterson, Rainer Hutterer, Yvonne A. De Jong, Thomas M. Butynski, Geoffrey Mwangi, Zhong-Zheng Chen, Xue-Long Jiang.  An annotated checklist of mammals of Kenya, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.059
    [2] Ping Wang, Lei Shi, Peng Guo.  Morphology-based intraspecific taxonomy of Oreocryptophis porphyraceus (Cantor, 1839) in mainland China (Serpentes: Colubridae), Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.048
    [3] Jin-Long Ren, Kai Wang, Ke Jiang, Peng Guo, Jia-Tang Li.  A new species of the Southeast Asian genus Opisthotropis (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.068
    [4] Colin GROVES.  Systematics of the Artiodactyla of China in the 21st century, Zoological Research. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.119
    [5] Lu WANG, Ya-Ping MA, Qi-Jun ZHOU, Ya-Ping ZHANG, Peter SAVOLAINEN, Guo-Dong WANG.  The geographical distribution of grey wolves (Canis lupus) in China: a systematic review, Zoological Research. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.6.315
    [6] Ji-Rong LI, Jian CAO, Fang YANG, Zhuo LI, Wen WANG, Lai-Xing LI.  Distribution and conservation status of Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Qinghai, China: A Review, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0076
    [7] Ali ABUTALIP, Hu CHEN, Yerbol.  Numbers and distribution of the Black-necked Crane(Grus nigricollis)in Akhsay, Gansu, China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0208
    [8] Wei-Ying WANG, Wei ZHOU, Jun-Xing YANG, Xiao-Yong CHEN.  Morphological and molecular studies on Garra imberba and its related species in China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2014.1.020
    [9] Ying-Chun XING, Ya-Hui ZHAO, Chun-Guang ZHANG, Jun-Xing YANG, Wen-Qiao TANG, En-Yuan FAN.  Review on taxonomical studies of Chinese inland-water fish, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.4.0251
    [10] Xiao-Yong CHEN.  Checklist of Fishes of Yunnan, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.4.0281
    [11] Zhi-Xiao LIU, You-Xiang ZHANG, Li-Biao ZHANG.  Research perspectives and achievements in taxonomy and distribution of bats in China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0687
    [12] YU Chen-Xing, YANG Gang, LI Dong, ZHOU Fang.  Ecological distribution and spatial niche of pheasants in the Karst mountains of southwest Guangxi Province, China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2011.05549
    [13] XU Feng, MA Ming, WU Yi-qun, Raghunandan Singh Chundawat.  Distribution of the Ibex (Capra ibex) in Tomur National Nature Reserve of Xinjiang, China, Zoological Research.
    [14] DU Yu-zhou, HE Jun-hua, MA Yun.  A Preliminary Study on The Distribution of The Family Perlidae (Plecoptera:Perloidea), Zoological Research.
    [15] WANG Ying-xiang, JIANG Xue-long, FENG Qing.  Taxonomy,Status and Conservation of Leaf Monkeys in China, Zoological Research.
    [16] XU Zheng-hui.  A Taxonomic Study of The Ant Genus Pseudolasius Emery in China (Hymenoptera:Formicidae), Zoological Research.
    [17] JIANG Xue-long, WANG Ying-xiang, WANG Qi-shan.  Taxonomy and Distribution of Tibetan Macaque (Macaca thibetana), Zoological Research.
    [18] LI Xiao-chen, WANG Ting-zheng.  Discussion of Taxonomy of Vernaya's Climbing Mouse, Zoological Research.
    [19] JIANG Xue-long, WANG Ying-xiang, MA Shi-lai.  Taxonomic Revision and Distribution of Subspecies of Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta) in China, Zoological Research.
    [20] CHU Xin-luo.  Geographical Distribution of Siluriform Fishes in China, Zoological Research.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  932
  • HTML全文浏览量:  41
  • PDF下载量:  2554
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-11-08
  • 修回日期:  2013-12-13
  • 刊出日期:  2014-01-08

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回