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Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi

Zhou LU Gang YANG Dong-Dong ZHAO Ying-Huan WU Yuan-Jun MENG Fang ZHOU

Zhou LU, Gang YANG, Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Yuan-Jun MENG, Fang ZHOU. Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
Citation: Zhou LU, Gang YANG, Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Yuan-Jun MENG, Fang ZHOU. Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601

广西弄岗喀斯特森林繁殖鸟群落的集团结构

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(31172123)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi

  • 摘要: 于2010、2011和2012年5—7月在广西弄岗国家级自然保护区对喀斯特森林繁殖鸟类群落的集团结构进行了研究。对44种繁殖鸟类的取食方式、取食基层和取食高度进行聚类分析和主成分分析。其结果如下:(1)鸟类群落可分为6个取食集团,分别为地面取食集团、下层取食集团、上层取食集团、多层取食集团、树干取食集团和空中出击集团;(2)与其他森林类型的鸟类群落集团结构相比,喀斯特季节性雨林的鸟类群落以中、下层取食鸟类为主,多层取食集团次之。其原因可能是:弄岗喀斯特森林植被结构和鸟类食性特点形成了中下层取食的鸟类种数占优势的现象;鸟类以扩展各自生态位宽度方式来缓解竞争压力,从而形成了多层取食集团这一特点。
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Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金(31172123)
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

摘要: 于2010、2011和2012年5—7月在广西弄岗国家级自然保护区对喀斯特森林繁殖鸟类群落的集团结构进行了研究。对44种繁殖鸟类的取食方式、取食基层和取食高度进行聚类分析和主成分分析。其结果如下:(1)鸟类群落可分为6个取食集团,分别为地面取食集团、下层取食集团、上层取食集团、多层取食集团、树干取食集团和空中出击集团;(2)与其他森林类型的鸟类群落集团结构相比,喀斯特季节性雨林的鸟类群落以中、下层取食鸟类为主,多层取食集团次之。其原因可能是:弄岗喀斯特森林植被结构和鸟类食性特点形成了中下层取食的鸟类种数占优势的现象;鸟类以扩展各自生态位宽度方式来缓解竞争压力,从而形成了多层取食集团这一特点。

English Abstract

陆舟, 杨岗, 赵东东, 吴映环, 蒙渊君, 周放. 广西弄岗喀斯特森林繁殖鸟群落的集团结构[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
引用本文: 陆舟, 杨岗, 赵东东, 吴映环, 蒙渊君, 周放. 广西弄岗喀斯特森林繁殖鸟群落的集团结构[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
Zhou LU, Gang YANG, Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Yuan-Jun MENG, Fang ZHOU. Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
Citation: Zhou LU, Gang YANG, Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Yuan-Jun MENG, Fang ZHOU. Guild structure of forest breeding bird community in Nonggang Nature Reserve of Guangxi. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 601-609. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0601
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