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Establishment of full-sib families of Branchiostoma japonicum and the relationship between early development patterns and larvae survival rates

Wei-Ye LI Yi-Quan WANG

Wei-Ye LI, Yi-Quan WANG. Establishment of full-sib families of Branchiostoma japonicum and the relationship between early development patterns and larvae survival rates. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(5): 446-452. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0446
Citation: Wei-Ye LI, Yi-Quan WANG. Establishment of full-sib families of Branchiostoma japonicum and the relationship between early development patterns and larvae survival rates. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(5): 446-452. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0446

文昌鱼全同胞家系建立及早期发育模式与仔鱼存活率的关系

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0446
基金项目: 国家高技术研究发展计划(“863”)项目(2008AA092602);国家自然科学基金项目(30830023);深圳市科技研发资金项目(JSF201006290026A)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q959.287

Establishment of full-sib families of Branchiostoma japonicum and the relationship between early development patterns and larvae survival rates

  • 摘要: 2011年3月9日—5月19日,以厦门海域采集的野生个体和实验室繁育的日本文昌鱼成体为亲本,尝试性地建立了全同胞家系;采用温度和光照诱导的方法,对雌、雄亲本进行人工催产,获得了34对亲本的全同胞家系受精卵。在家系培育过程中发现致使胚胎和仔鱼死亡的几种主要原因,以及日本文昌鱼早期发育的两种模式。通过加强养护管理,提高仔鱼存活率,缩短幼体变态所需时间,最终建立了7个完成变态的全同胞家系。在这些家系中,从受精卵到完成变态后不久的亚成体存活率最高为32.4%,最低为1.67%,而变态最快历时24 d,最慢历时42 d。虽然在全同胞家系建立过程中,幼体死亡率高,家系间的胚胎和幼体生长发育状况差异大,但实验结果表明日本文昌鱼全同胞家系建立完全可行,为其优良品系选育建立了基础。
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-06-26
  • 修回日期:  2012-11-06
  • 刊出日期:  2013-10-08

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