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Response of forest bird communities to forest gap in winter in southwestern China

Dong-Dong ZHAO Ying-Huan WU Zhou LU Guang-Wei JIANG Fang ZHOU

Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Zhou LU, Guang-Wei JIANG, Fang ZHOU. Response of forest bird communities to forest gap in winter in southwestern China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 174-181. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0174
Citation: Dong-Dong ZHAO, Ying-Huan WU, Zhou LU, Guang-Wei JIANG, Fang ZHOU. Response of forest bird communities to forest gap in winter in southwestern China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 174-181. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0174

冬季森林鸟类对林窗的响应分析

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0174
基金项目: 广西自然科学基金北部湾重大专项 (2010GXNSFE013004, 2011GXNSFE018001)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958.12+2.5

Response of forest bird communities to forest gap in winter in southwestern China

  • 摘要: 林窗主要指由森林中老龄树死亡或其他偶然因素导致的成熟阶段优势树种死亡,从而造成在林冠层形成空隙的现象。2011年11月—2012年2月,于广西防城金花茶国家级自然保护区,采用定点观察法,就北热带季雨林冬季鸟类对林窗的响应特征及鸟类在林窗和非林窗的分布特征等进行了研究。在林窗记录到鸟类45种,占所有鸟类的84.9%,平均种数为9.6种;在非林窗记录到鸟类39种,占所有鸟类的73.6%,平均种数为5.3种。多元回归表明林窗面积、林窗外10 m乔木平均高度、林窗外10 m乔木数量、林窗外10 m灌木数量、林窗外1 m草本平均盖度和裸地比例是林窗影响鸟类多样性的关键因子。总体上,林窗鸟类多样性大于非林窗。另外,林窗对鸟类空间分布影响主要表现在:鸟类的垂直分布以林窗中层和林冠层为主,水平分布以近离和较近离为主,而这种空间分布格局主要是由鸟类取食生态位分化所造成。
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-12-24
  • 修回日期:  2013-02-20
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-08

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