尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!


Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China

Tian-Bo CHEN Yik-Hei SUNG Pui-Lok Bosco CHAN Yuan-Jun MENG Pak-Ho WAN

Tian-Bo CHEN, Yik-Hei SUNG, Pui-Lok Bosco CHAN, Yuan-Jun MENG, Pak-Ho WAN. Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 145-151. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145
Citation: Tian-Bo CHEN, Yik-Hei SUNG, Pui-Lok Bosco CHAN, Yuan-Jun MENG, Pak-Ho WAN. Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 145-151. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145


doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0145
  • 中图分类号: Q143; Q959.8

Influence of surface water availability on mammal distributions in Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China

  • 摘要: 广西弄岗国家级自然保护区属岩溶地貌,表土层薄,储水度低,地表水奇缺,动物可能因水源而改变其活动范围和规律。2006年3月—2007年6月和2010年10月—2011年5月,该实验利用红外线相机在兽类通往水源地之间,即兽径上 (如足迹和粪便) 进行兽类调查。共拍摄到兽类5目12科17属19种,包括国家一级保护动物黑叶猴 (Trachypithecus francoisi) 和熊猴 (Macaca assamensis)。物种累积曲线95%置信区间重迭,相似性分析和非度量多维标度显示两种微生境出没物种的差异较小,然而,差异物种占整体记录的42%,可见岩溶地区水资源极其珍贵。中、短期保护建议包括加强水源点的巡护、防止偷猎、限制滥抽地下水,以及考虑整合呈岛屿状的陇呼、弄岗及陇山地区, 以加强保护大面积生境的连贯性,并加速恢复山峰间已遭破坏的圆洼谷地的原生树林。
  • [1] Chan BPL, Tan XF, Tan WJ. 2008. Rediscovery of the critically endangered eastern black-crested gibbon Nomascus nasutus (Hylobatidae) in China, with preliminary notes on population size, ecology and conservation status. Asian Primates Journal, 1(1): 17-25.
    [2] Grismer LL, Viets BE, Boyle LJ. 1999. Two new continental species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) with a phylogeny and evolutionary classification of the genus. Journal of Herpetology, 33(3): 382-393.
    [3] Hu CG. 1988. Report on the investigation of hydrogeology from Longgang Natural Reserve. Guihaia, (Additamentum 1):17-31. [胡长庚. 1988. 弄岗自然保护区水文地质考察报告. 广西植物, (增刊1):17-31.]
    [4] Hu G, Wei Y, Li ZY. 1998. The survey on the white-headed langur in Longrei and the analysis of the cause for endangerment. Journal of Guangxi Normal UniversityNatural History, 16(3): 71-75. 胡刚, 韦毅, 李兆元. 1998. 广西陇瑞白头叶猴种群调查及濒危机制分析. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 16(3): 71-75.
    [5] Huang ZH, Zhou QH, Huang CM, Meng YJ, Wei H. 2011. Home range and daily ranging distance of François’ langur (Trachypithecus francoisi) in Nonggang Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 31(1): 46-54. [黄中豪, 周岐海, 黄乘明, 蒙渊君, 韦华. 2011. 广西弄岗黑叶猴的家域和日漫游距离. 兽类学报, 31(1): 46-54.]
    [6] Jenks KE, Wanghongsa S, Songsasen N, Leimgruber P, Howard J. 2010. Camera-trap evidence of Large-spotted Civet Viverra megaspila in Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary and Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Small Carnivore Conservation, 42: 19-21.
    [7] Jiang AW. 2007. The Study of Understory Birds in Nonggang Karst Forest. M. D. Thesis, Guangxi University. [蒋爱伍. 2007. 弄岗喀斯特森林下层鸟类研究. 广西大学硕士论文.]
    [8] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden. 2004. Report of rapid biodiversity assessments at Nonggang National Nature Reserve, Southwest Guangxi, China, May 1998. Chinese version No. 11. Hong Kong: KFBG. [嘉道理农场暨植物园. 2004. 快速生物多样性评估报告——广西西南部弄岗国家级自然保护区. 中文版第11号. 香港: 嘉道理农场暨植物园出版.]
    [9] Karanth KU, Nichols JD. 1998. Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology, 79(8): 2852-2862.
    [10] Kays RW, Slauson KM. 2008. Remote cameras. In: Long RA, MacKay P, Zielinski WJ, Ray JC. Noninvasive Survey Methods for Carnivores. Washington: Island Press, 110-140.
    [11] Lau MWN, Fellowes JR, Chan BPL. 2010. Carnivores (Mammalia: Carnivora) in South China: a status review with notes on the commercial trade. Mammal Review, 40(4): 247-292.
    [12] Liang CF, Liang JY, Liu LF, Mo XL. 1988. A report on the exploration of the flora of Longgang Natural Reserve. Guihaia, (Additamentum 1): 83-184. [梁畴芬, 梁健英, 刘兰芳, 莫新礼. 1988. 弄岗自然保护区植物区系考察报告.广西植物, (增刊1):83-184.]
    [13] Long GZ. 1988. Terrestrial vertebrate in the Longgang Natural Reserve. Guihaia, (Additamentum 1): 267-275. [龙国珍. 1988. 弄岗自然保护区陆栖脊椎动物调查报告. 广西植物, (增刊1): 267-275.]
    [14] Ma SL, Harris RB. 1996. Use of remote camera systems to document wildlife species presence in forested areas of Yunnan. Zoological Research, 17(4): 360-370. [马世来, 里查德·何里来. 1996. 自动感应照像系统在野生动物调查中的应用. 动物学研究, 17(4): 360-370.]
    [15] Mittermeier RA, Gil PR, Hoffmann M, Pilgrim J, Brooks T, Mittermeier CG, Lamoreux J, da Fonseca GAB. 2005. Hotspots Revisited: Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX.
    [16] O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT. 2003. Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation, 6(2): 131-139.
    [17] Pei KJC, Lai YC, Corlett RT, Suen KY. 2010. The larger mammal fauna of Hong Kong: Species survival in a highly degraded landscape. Zoological Studies, 49(2): 253-264.
    [18] Sasaki H, Mohd. Nor B, Kanchanasaka B. 2009. Past and present distribution of the Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana Gray 1865. Mammal Study, 34(4): 223-229.
    [19] Smith AT, Xie Y. 2008. A Guide to the Mammals of China. Oxford: Princeton University Press.
    [20] Su ZM, Zhao TL, Huang QC. 1988. The vegetation of Longgang Natural Reserve in Guangxi. Guihaia, (Additamentum 1): 185-214. [苏宗明, 赵天林, 黄庆昌. 1988. 弄岗自然保护区植被调查报告. 广西植物, (增刊1): 185-214.]
    [21] Wan J. 2010. Using camera traps to engage local people in participatory biodiversity monitoring: an example from Southern China. The 2010 International Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, 19-23 July 2010, Sanur-Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.
    [22] Wang DZ, Ran WZ, Jin T, Pan WS. 2005. Population census of the white-headed langur (Trachypithecus leucocephalus) at Longrui Karst Hills, Guangxi, China. Primates, 46(3): 219-222.
    [23] Wang DJ, Li S, McShea WJ, Li MF. 2006. Use of remote-trip cameras for wildlife surveys and evaluating the effectiveness of conservation activities at a nature reserve in Sichuan Province, China. Environmental Management, 38(6): 942-951.
    [24] Wilting A, Samejima H, Mohamed A. 2010. Diversity of Bornean viverrids and other small carnivores in Deramakot Forest Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia. Small Carnivore Conservation, 42: 10-13.
    [25] Wu Q, Huang ZH, Yuan PS, Zheng FY, Zhou QH. 2011. Water content of the food and its influence on food choice of François’ langur at Nonggang, Guangxi, China. Journal of Guangxi Normal University (Natural Science), 29(4): 117-121. [吴茜, 黄中豪, 袁培松, 邓凤云, 周岐海. 2011. 广西弄岗黑叶猴食物的水分含量对食物选择的影响. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 29(4): 117-121.]
    [26] Yuan DX. 1994. Karst of China. Beijing: Geological Publishing House. [袁道先. 1994. 中国岩溶学. 北京: 地质出版社.]
    [27] Zhou F, Jiang AW. 2008. A new species of Babbler (Timaliidae: Stachyris) from the Sino-Vietnamese Border Region of China. The Auk, 125(2): 420-424.
    [28] Zhou QH, Huang ZH, Wei XS, Wei FW, Huang CM. 2009. Factors influencing interannual and intersite variability in the diet of Trachypithecus francoisi. International Journal of Primatology, 30(4): 583-599.
    [29] Zhou QH, Wei H, Huang ZH, Li YB, Lu MX, Huang CM. 2007. Activity patterns and time budgets of the Assamese macaque Macaca assamensis in the Longgang Nature Reserve, China. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 53(5): 791-799. [周岐海, 韦华, 黄中豪, 李友邦, 陆茂新, 黄乘明. 2007. 弄岗熊猴的活动节律和活动时间分配. 动物学报, 53(5): 791-799.] 
    [30] Zhou YB, Zhang L, Kaneko Y, Newman C, Wang XM. 2008a. Frugivory and seed dispersal by a small carnivore, the Chinese ferret-badger, Melogale moschata, in a fragmented subtropical forest of central China. Forest Ecology and Management, 255(5-6): 1595-1603.
    [31] Zhou YB, Zhang JS, Slade E, Zhang LB, Palomares F, Chen J, Wang XM, Zhang SY. 2008b. Dietary shifts in relation to fruit availability among masked palm civets (Paguma larvata) in central China. Journal of Mammalogy, 89(2): 435-447.
    [32] Zhu H. 2007. The karst ecosystem of southern China and its biodiversity. Tropical Forestry, 35(S1): 44-47. [朱华. 2007. 中国南方石灰岩(喀斯特)生态系统及生物多样性特征. 热带林业, 35 (增刊): 44-47.]
  • [1] Simon Musila, Ara Monadjem, Paul W. Webala, Bruce D. Patterson, Rainer Hutterer, Yvonne A. De Jong, Thomas M. Butynski, Geoffrey Mwangi, Zhong-Zheng Chen, Xue-Long Jiang.  An annotated checklist of mammals of Kenya, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.059
    [2] Simon Musila, Zhong-Zheng Chen, Quan Li, Richard Yego, Bin Zhang, Kenneth Onditi, Immaculate Muthoni, Shui-Wang He, Samson Omondi, James Mathenge, Esther N. Kioko, Xue-Long Jiang.  Diversity and distribution patterns of non-volant small mammals along different elevation gradients on Mt. Kenya, Kenya, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.004
    [3] Jing Yang, Guo-Fen Zhu, Jian Jiang, Chang-Lin Xiang, Fu-Li Gao, Wei-Dong Bao.  Non-invasive genetic analysis indicates low population connectivity in vulnerable Chinese gorals: concerns for segregated population management, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.058
    [4] Roman A. Nazarov, Olivier S.G. Pauwels, Evgeniy L. Konstantinov, Anatoliy S. Chulisov, Nikolai L. Orlov, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr..  A new karst-dwelling bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Xiangkhoang Province, northeastern Laos, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.010
    [5] Getachew BANTIHUN, Afework BEKELE.  Diversity and habitat association of small mammals in Aridtsy forest, Awi Zone, Ethiopia, Zoological Research.
    [6] Qin LIU, Guang-Hui ZHONG, Shi-Ze LI, Jing-Cai L&220;, Peng GUO.  New occurrence of Sinovipera sichuanensis in Guizhou, Zoological Research. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.4.350
    [7] You-Hua CHEN.  Ecological predictors of extinction risks of endemic mammals of China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.4.346
    [8] LI Chao-Hui, GUO Kun, ZHENG Ping.  Current progress and future direction in the biology of ovarian germ stem cells in mammals, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.06586
    [9] Kai HE, Naiqing HU, Joseph D. ORKIN, Daw Thida NYEIN, Chi MA, Wen XIAO, Pengfei FAN, Xuelong JIANG.  Molecular phylogeny and divergence time of Trachypithecus: with implications for the taxonomy of T. phayrei, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.E05-06E104
    [10] YU Chen-Xing, YANG Gang, LI Dong, ZHOU Fang.  Ecological distribution and spatial niche of pheasants in the Karst mountains of southwest Guangxi Province, China, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2011.05549
    [11] ZHAO Qing-yang, BAO Yi-xin, SUN Bo, ZHANG Long-long, HU Zhi-yuan.  Community Distribution Pattern and the Affecting Factors of Small Mammals in Qiandao Lake, Zhejiang, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.0678
    [12] YU Xiao-dong, LUO Tian-hong, WU Yu-ming, ZHOU Hong-zhang*A Large-Scale Pattern in Species Diversity of Mammals in the Yangtze River Basin, Zoological Research.
    [13] YANG Ming, LI Qin-fen.  Main Neuroendocrine Responses of Mammals in Cold Stress, Zoological Research.
    [14] GONG Zheng-da, DUAN Xing-de, FENG Xi-guang, XIE Shu et al..  Small Mammals in The Cangshan and Erhai Natural Reserve, Zoological Research.
    [15] ZHANG Ya-ping.  A Non-Invasive Approach to The Genetic Analysis of Asiatic Black Bear, Zoological Research.
    [16] LIU Jin-hua, HUANG Jia-liang.  Community Structure of Ticks Parasitic on Small Mammals From Hainan China, Zoological Research.
    [17] WU De-lin, LUO Chen-chang.  Effects of Human Activity on Community Structure of Small Mammals in Ailao Mountain, Zoological Research.
    [18] CHEN Yi-feng, GUO Jian-min.  Chromosome Studies of Mammals, Zoological Research.
    [19] Wujiayan, Liguihui.  A report on the mammals of Ankang region. Shanxi province, Zoological Research.
    [20] WANG Yin-xiang, LI Zhi-xiang.  New Records of Chinese Mammals of Insectivora, Zoological Research.
  • 加载中
  • 文章访问数:  899
  • HTML全文浏览量:  36
  • PDF下载量:  1870
  • 被引次数: 0
  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-02
  • 修回日期:  2013-01-22
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-08