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Flexible breeding performance under unstable climatic conditions in a tropical passerine in Southwest China

Chen-Yang Liu Uriel Gélin Ru-Chuan He Huan Li Rui-Chang Quan

Chen-Yang Liu, Uriel Gélin, Ru-Chuan He, Huan Li, Rui-Chang Quan. Flexible breeding performance under unstable climatic conditions in a tropical passerine in Southwest China. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(2): 221-226. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.288
Citation: Chen-Yang Liu, Uriel Gélin, Ru-Chuan He, Huan Li, Rui-Chang Quan. Flexible breeding performance under unstable climatic conditions in a tropical passerine in Southwest China. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(2): 221-226. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.288

中国西南地区白腰文鸟在不稳定气候条件下的灵活繁殖策略

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.288

Flexible breeding performance under unstable climatic conditions in a tropical passerine in Southwest China

Funds: The study was supported by the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Special Fund (Biodiversity Monitoring and Network Construction along Lancang-Mekong River Basin project), Biodiversity Investigation, Observation, and Assessment Program (2019-2023) of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China, and CAS 135 (2017 XTBG-F03)
More Information
  • 摘要: 为适应无法预测的气候波动,亲鸟常以调整繁殖时间的方式来降低繁殖成本并优化繁殖产出。与温带地区鸟类相比,气候波动对热带地区鸟类繁殖影响的研究还较缺乏。基于361巢白腰文鸟(Lonchura striata)的野外数据,我们发现白腰文鸟繁殖季开始时间(波动范围在2月15日到6月22日之间)受高温干旱的影响而推迟。频繁降雨会减少窝卵数(4.52±0.75)和降低日存活率,但卵重(0.95±0.10 g)未受显著影响。巢日存活率在降水量较大的2018年(0.95±0.04)显著低于降水量适中的2017年(0.98±0.01)和2019年(0.97±0.00)。白腰文鸟的巢周期是 40.37±2.69天,其中孵化期13.10±1.18天,育雏期23.22±2.40天。2018年的育雏期(25.11±1.97天)要显著长于2017年(22.90±2.22天)和2019年(22.00±2.48天)的育雏期,这可能是受2018年的低温影响。气候也会影响整个繁殖季内总体成功离巢的雏鸟数:降水与气温适中的2017年离巢雏鸟数量(115只)显著大于春季持续高温干旱的2019年(51只)。研究表明,繁殖季期间的干旱和较多的降水都会降低白腰文鸟繁殖成功率,该成果为全球变化背景下的鸟类繁殖生态及其保护研究提供了更深的认识。
  • Figure  1.  Laying date and breeding performance are affected by climatic variations

    A: Increasing mean rainfall in climatic windows (134 to 104 days before egg-laying date) significantly advanced laying date (day 1=January 1) from 2017 to 2020. B: Clutch size decreased significantly with increasing mean rainfall in climatic windows (37 to 24 days before date of last egg laid in each nest) during 2017 and 2019. C, D: Increasing mean temperature in climatic windows (87 to 0 days before egg-laying, 14 and 11 days before fledging date) had a significant positive effect on laying date (C) and a negative effect on nestling period (D). Colored dots in (A) and (C) represent each laying day; in (B) represent clutch size of each nest; in (D) represent nestling period of each individual. Black lines and gray bands represent fitted lines of lm.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-04
  • 录用日期:  2021-02-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-24
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-18

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