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Diurnal time budget of breeding Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Changthang, Ladakh, India

Afifullah Khan Pankaj Chandan Jigmet Takpa Syed A. Hussain Rohit Rattan Pushpinder Singh Jamwal Tanveer Ahmad

Afifullah Khan, Pankaj Chandan, Jigmet Takpa, Syed A. Hussain, Rohit Rattan, Pushpinder Singh Jamwal, Tanveer Ahmad. Diurnal time budget of breeding Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Changthang, Ladakh, India. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 158-166. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0158
Citation: Afifullah Khan, Pankaj Chandan, Jigmet Takpa, Syed A. Hussain, Rohit Rattan, Pushpinder Singh Jamwal, Tanveer Ahmad. Diurnal time budget of breeding Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Changthang, Ladakh, India. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 158-166. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0158

印度拉达克羌塘地区黑颈鹤日间行为时间分配

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0158
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Pankaj Chandan

  • 中图分类号: Q959.7;Q958.1

Diurnal time budget of breeding Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Changthang, Ladakh, India

  • 摘要: 时间分配研究是理解栖息地利用模式、资源利用和限制物种生存因素的合适手段,这些一旦掌握清楚了便可被整合到管理策略的制定中。于2008年、2009年和2010年繁殖期对拉达克地区的黑颈鹤 (Grus nigricollis)日间行为时间分配进行了研究。为了更好地统一繁殖周期内不同繁殖阶段的活动模式,将黑颈鹤的繁殖期分成繁殖前期、繁殖中期和繁殖后期。调查期间,共进行了95天野外调查,黑颈鹤观察时长达785 h,所有观察在06:00—19:00完成,共记录到16 314次行为事件。该文中黑颈鹤的日间行为时间分配以不同行为的百分比来表示。繁殖期内,黑颈鹤的取食行为占(48.5 ± 1.3)%,其次分别为休息 [(14.2 ± 1.2)%]、运动[(10 ± 0.7)%]、繁殖[(10 ± 2.6)%]、保养[(5.7 ± 0.5)%]、警戒[(4.1 ± 0.9)%]、保卫[(1.5 ± 0.3)%]和求偶炫耀[(0.7 ± 0.2)%],另有 (5.4 ± 1.9)%]的时间黑颈鹤飞出观察视野。相较于其他生境,黑颈鹤在沼泽草甸生境中停留的时间最长[(43 ± 0.9)%]。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-30
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-15
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-08

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