留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Numbers of wintering waterbirds and their changes over the past 20 years at Caohai, Guizhou Province

Feng-Shan LI Wen LIU Zhen-Ji LI Qiang LIU Jian-Dong WU Sheng HONG Ru-Bin WANG Yun-Xun SHI

Feng-Shan LI, Wen LIU, Zhen-Ji LI, Qiang LIU, Jian-Dong WU, Sheng HONG, Ru-Bin WANG, Yun-Xun SHI. Numbers of wintering waterbirds and their changes over the past 20 years at Caohai, Guizhou Province. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 85-91. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0082
Citation: Feng-Shan LI, Wen LIU, Zhen-Ji LI, Qiang LIU, Jian-Dong WU, Sheng HONG, Ru-Bin WANG, Yun-Xun SHI. Numbers of wintering waterbirds and their changes over the past 20 years at Caohai, Guizhou Province. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 85-91. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0082

贵州草海越冬水鸟数量及其近20年来的变化

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0082
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

Numbers of wintering waterbirds and their changes over the past 20 years at Caohai, Guizhou Province

  • 摘要: 草海位于云贵高原东缘的贵州省西北部,是中国西南部最为重要的水鸟越冬地和停歇地。为了确定草海越冬的水鸟种类、数量和草海的分布,分析近20年以来的草海水鸟的数量变化以及变化原因,于2012年1月11-12日对草海国家级自然保护区越冬水鸟进行了调查。该次调查共计数到水鸟26种,76 872只。这26种水鸟中,超过1 000只个体的有8种,分别为绿翅鸭(Anas crecca)、黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)、斑嘴鸭(Anas poecilorhyncha)、斑头雁(Anser indicus)、凤头潜鸭(Aythya fuligula)、赤麻鸭(Tadorna ferruginea)、赤颈鸭(Anas penelope)和骨顶鸡(Fulica atra)。数量接近或超过10 000只的有3种,依次是骨顶鸡、赤颈鸭和赤麻鸭。在过去20年,草海冬季水鸟的总数量为50 000~80 000只。黑颈鹤数量呈稳定上升趋势,而灰鹤数量呈下降趋势。潜鸭类水鸟数量总数不到2 600只,与1996年调查的10 000多只相差很大。这可能与草海近10年来水质恶化,导致潜鸭类水鸟植物性食物减少有关。建议把草海水鸟调查工作纳入到保护区的监测保护工作日程中,每年冬季开展至少一次调查;使用统一和系统的水鸟监测方法,使得不同年份的监测结果具有可比性;密切关注那些种群急剧上升(如黑水鸡)和下降的物种(如潜鸭类);开展草海土地利用变化的监测工作,以便探讨土地利用与鸟类之间的相互关系;在过去20年中,黑颈鹤种群上升,而灰鹤种群下降,因此两者之间的相互关系应该加以研究;草海正在面临很多的诸如污染、外来物种入侵、旅游业等十分迫切的环境问题,这些环境因子对水鸟种群的影响也亟需加以研究和解决。
  • [1] Li FS. 1997. Developing a land management system for Cao Hai and its watershed to safeguard resources needed by Black-necked Cranes and people. Dissertation at University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 201pp.
    [2] Caohai National Nature Reserve. 2008. Counting on wintering cranes and large waterbirds in Caohai N.R. the winter of 2007. China Crane News, 12(1):16.
    [3] Li FS, Yang F. 2005. Distribtion and population of Black-necked Cranes on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. In: Wang QS, Li FS. Crane Research in China. Kunming: Yunnan Education Publishing House, 29-43. (in Chinese)
    [4] Li FS, Ma JZ. 2000. Behavioral ecology of Black-necked Crane during winter at Caohai, Guizhou, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 20(2): 293-298. (in Chinese)
    [5] Li FS, Ma JZ. 1992. Time budget, and benefits of family and flock of wintering Black-necked Cranes at Cao Hai, Chinese Wildlife, (3): 36-41(29). (in Chinese)
    [6] Li FS. 1999. Foraging habitat selection of the wintering Black-necked Cranes at Cao Hai, Guizhou. Chinese Biodiversity, l7 (4): 257-262. (in Chinese)
    [7] Li RX. 1986. Birds in Caohai. In: Xiang YH. Scientific Survey Reports on the Lake Caohai Guizou China. Guiyang: Guizhou People's Publishing House, 236-243. (in Chinese)
    [8] Li ZJ, Song T. 2005. Impact of habitat change on waterbirds wintering at Cao Hai, Guizhou Province. In: Li FS, Yang XJ, Yang F. Status and conservation of Black-necked Cranes on the Yunnan and Guizhou Plateau, People's Republic of China. Kunming: Yunnan Nationality Publishing House, 156-160. (in Chinese)
    [9] Li ZJ. 2009. Winter survey of cranes and other large waterbirds in Caohai N.R., 2008-2009. China Crane News, 13(1):38-39.
    [10] Li ZJ. 2007. Wintering status of cranes in Caohai N.R., 2006/2007. China Crane News, 11(1):3-5.
    [11] Li ZM, Han LX, Yu ZG, Jiang H. 2007. Investigation on the birds resources of Caohai National Natural Reserve. In: Zhang HH, Li MJ, Yao SL. Caohai study. Guiyang: Guizhou Science and Technology Press, 75-77. (in Chinese)
    [12] Wang YH. 1986. A preliminary study on the overwintering ecology of Common Crane in Caohai. In: Xiang YH. Scientific Survey Reports on the Lake Caohai Guizou China. Guiyang: Guizhou People's Publishing House, 245-250. (in Chinese)
    [13] Wang ZJ. 2005. Distribution and population change of Black-necked Cranes in Yunnan. In: Li FS, Yang XJ, Yang F. Status and conservation of Black-necked Cranes on the Yunnan and Guizhou Plateau, People's Republic of China. Kunming: Yunnan Nationality Publishing House, 65-69. (in Chinese)
    [14] Wu ZK, Li ZM, Wang YH, Li RX. 1986.A study on the overwintering ecology of the Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Caohai. In: Xiang YH. Scientific Survey Reports on the Lake Caohai Guizou China. Guiyang: Guizhou People's Publishing House, 251-260. (in Chinese)
    [15] Yang F. 2005. Report on a three year survey of Black-necked Cranes on the Yunnan and Guizhou Plateau. In: Li FS, Yang XJ, Yang F. Status and conservation of Black-necked Cranes on the Yunnan and Guizhou Plateau, People's Republic of China. Kunming: Yunnan Nationality Publishing House, 59-64. (in Chinese)
    [16] Yang JL, Zhong X, Guan YH. 1992. Birds at Caohai Nature Reserve and their conservation. Environmental Protection Technology and Science, (2.3): 50-59. (in Chinese)
    [17] Yu ZG, Jiang H, Li ZM, Han LX. 2007. Investigation on the water birds resources of Caohai National Natural Reserve. In: Zhang HH, Li MJ, Yao SL. Caohai study. Guiyang: Guizhou Science and Technology Press, 93-98. (in Chinese)
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  831
  • HTML全文浏览量:  231
  • PDF下载量:  1207
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-10
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-20
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-08

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回