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Using bird banding and recovery to study the migration of Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in China

De-Jun KONG Feng-Shan LI Xiao-Jun YANG

De-Jun KONG, Feng-Shan LI, Xiao-Jun YANG. Using bird banding and recovery to study the migration of Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 20-38. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0020
Citation: De-Jun KONG, Feng-Shan LI, Xiao-Jun YANG. Using bird banding and recovery to study the migration of Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 20-38. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0020

中国黑颈鹤的迁徙研究:环志与回收

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0020
基金项目: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31201725), the Applicable Basic research Project of Yunnan Province (2012FB186) and the Western Light Talents Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    孔德军:De-Jun KONG(1983-),male,Ph.D.assistantprofessor,focusingonthebehavioralecologyofbirds,E-mail:kongdj05@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

Using bird banding and recovery to study the migration of Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in China

Funds: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31201725), the Applicable Basic research Project of Yunnan Province (2012FB186) and the Western Light Talents Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • 摘要: 该文对1985—2012年,近30年中国境内的黑颈鹤 (Grus nigricollis) 环志与回收记录进行了整理和汇总,以期弄清我国黑颈鹤迁徙研究的现状,并为各黑颈鹤保护、管理和研究机构提供丰富的黑颈鹤环志与回收记录。研究结果显示:我国共环志黑颈鹤个体94只,其中13只佩戴有卫星发射器;共计回收到环志黑颈鹤66只次,为27或28只黑颈鹤个体(其中2只个体彩环组合重复,并且在不同地点被观察到),回收率为28.72%或29.79%;越冬地的回收63只次,占95.45%。环志回收数据证明了黑颈鹤种群存在的东、中、西三条迁徙路线,即四川大若尔盖地区与滇东北黔西北一线、青海隆宝滩与滇西北纳帕海一线、青海西部和西藏中北部与西藏东南部和不丹一线。环志黑颈鹤揭示黑颈鹤的繁殖年龄为≥5年,未成年幼鹤的形态各方面指标皆小于成年鹤。环志之后的黑颈鹤个体野外存活的时间跨度平均为44±52个月(n=26),最短为1个月,最长231个月,即近20年。考虑到黑颈鹤在繁殖地环志的优势与在越冬地回收的优势,建议未来的迁徙研究工作可增加在黑颈鹤繁殖地环志的力度,同时加大在越冬地观察带环黑颈鹤个体的强度。未来环志工作中应当制定统一的黑颈鹤环志和形态测量标准、建立长期稳定的信息共享平台和交流机制。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-02-28
  • 修回日期:  2014-03-28
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-08

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