留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Microhistological analysis of herbiv­orous diets of wintering Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) at Dashanbao, China

Qiang LIU Shun-Mei ZHU Ning-Yun LI Zhao-Peng LIU Xing-Yao ZHONG

Qiang LIU, Shun-Mei ZHU, Ning-Yun LI, Zhao-Peng LIU, Xing-Yao ZHONG. Microhistological analysis of herbiv­orous diets of wintering Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) at Dashanbao, China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 201-204. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0201
Citation: Qiang LIU, Shun-Mei ZHU, Ning-Yun LI, Zhao-Peng LIU, Xing-Yao ZHONG. Microhistological analysis of herbiv­orous diets of wintering Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) at Dashanbao, China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 201-204. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0201

云南大山包越冬黑颈鹤植物性食物显微分析

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0201
基金项目: 云南省应用基础研究项目(2011FB130);遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室开放课题(GREKF12-13)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q959.7;Q958.1

Microhistological analysis of herbiv­orous diets of wintering Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) at Dashanbao, China

  • 摘要: 黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)为杂食性鸟类,食物以植物性食物为­­­­主。采用粪便显微分析法对大山包越冬的黑颈鹤进行了植物性食物研究。结果表明黑颈鹤食物较为多样,共取食43种植物,其中以白车轴草(Trifolium repens)、木里薹草(Carex muliensis)、毛连菜(Picris hieracioides)、纤细柴胡(Bupleurum gracillimum)、滇香薷(Origanum vulgare)为主,分别占总干重的13.04%、8.51%、5.99%、5.28%、5.15%。黑颈鹤取食的植物部位差异性显著(F=10.095,df=3,P=0.000),以植物叶子为主,占总量的63.91%。在今后的湿地植被恢复工作中,可考虑在退化区域通过人工种植白车轴草来提高植被盖度并增加黑颈鹤的食物来源。
  • [1] Baumgartner LL, Martin AC. 1939. Plant histology as an aid in squirrel food-habit studies. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 3(3): 266-268.
    [2] Chang JC, Ma JS, Lu CH. 1998. Ornithology. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University Press. [常家传, 马金生, 鲁长虎. 1998. 鸟类学. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学出版社.]
    [3] Kong DJ. 2008. Studies on Wintering Behavior and Conservation of Black-necked Cranes Grus nigricollis at Dashanbao, Yunnan, China. Master dissertation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. [孔德军. 2008. 云南大山包黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)越冬行为和保护研究. 硕士学位论文. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京.]
    [4] Li FS, Nie H, Ye CH. 1997. Microscopic analysis on herbivorous diets of wintering Black-Necked Cranes at Caohai, China. Zoological Research, 18(1): 51-57. [李凤山, 聂卉, 叶长虹. 1997. 黑颈鹤越冬期间植物性食物的显微分析. 动物学研究, 18(1): 51-57.]
    [5] Li ZM, Li FS. 2005. Research on the Black-necked Crane. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Education Press. [李筑眉, 李凤山. 2005. 黑颈鹤研究. 上海: 上海科技教育出版社.]
    [6] Li H, Zhong XY. 2010. Plants of Dashanbao National Nature Reserve. Beijing: Science Press. [李恒, 钟兴耀. 2010. 中国大山包黑颈鹤自然保护区植物. 北京: 科学出版社.]
    [7] Owen M. 1975. An assessment of fecal analysis technique in waterfowl feeding studies. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 39(2): 271-279.
    [8] Shang YC. 2005. Animal Behavior. Beijing: Peking University Press. [尚玉昌. 2005. 动物行为学. 北京: 北京大学出版社.]
    [9] Ueng YT, Perng JJ, Wang JP, Weng JH, Hou PCL. 2006. Diet of the Black-faced Spoonbill wintering at Chiku Wetland in southwestern Taiwan. Waterbirds, 29(2): 185-190.
    [10] Wu HQ. 2007. The Ecology and Migration of Eastern Black-necked Cranes Grus nigricollis. Ph. D. thesis, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. [伍和启. 2007. 黑颈鹤 Grus nigricollis 东部种群的生态及迁徙研究. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院研究生院, 北京.]
    [11] Yang L, Li H. 2010. Wetlands of Yunnan. Beijing: China Forestry Press. [杨岚, 李恒. 2010. 云南湿地. 北京: 中国林业出版社.]
    [12] Zhang CY. 2011. The Relationship Between the Food of Sika Deer and the Fragment of Tissue in the Excrement. Master dissertation, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin. [张春杨. 2011. 梅花鹿采食植物与粪便中组织碎片的关系. 硕士学位论文, 东北林业大学, 哈尔滨.]
    [13] Zhang YM, Zhang GL. 2000. A study on the population ecology of Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) at Gahai, Gansu Province. In: China Ornithological Society, Wild Bird Society of Taiwan, China Wildlife Conservation Association. Studies on Chinese Ornithology. Beijing: Forestry Press, 190-193. [张迎梅, 张贵林. 2000. 黑颈鹤在甘肃省尕海的种群数量动态和食性分析. 见: 中国野生动物保护协会, 台北市野鸟学会, 中国野生动物保护协会. 中国鸟类学研究. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 190-193.]
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1119
  • HTML全文浏览量:  354
  • PDF下载量:  911
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-01
  • 修回日期:  2014-11-28
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-08

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回