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Number and distribution of the Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve, Gansu, China

Li-Xun ZHANG Mei-Lin SHU Bei AN Yi-La SUO Yong-Jun SE Xi-Li-Te DABU Xiao-Jun YANG

Li-Xun ZHANG, Mei-Lin SHU, Bei AN, Yi-La SUO, Yong-Jun SE, Xi-Li-Te DABU, Xiao-Jun YANG. Number and distribution of the Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve, Gansu, China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 117-123. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0117
Citation: Li-Xun ZHANG, Mei-Lin SHU, Bei AN, Yi-La SUO, Yong-Jun SE, Xi-Li-Te DABU, Xiao-Jun YANG. Number and distribution of the Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve, Gansu, China. Zoological Research, 2014, 35(S1): 117-123. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0117

甘肃盐池湾国家级自然保护区黑颈鹤的种群数量与分布

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.s1.0117
基金项目: 中国科学院昆明动物研究所遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室开放基金(项目编号GREKF13-12);甘肃盐池湾国家级自然保护区管理局重点野生动物调查项目(20111216-0469);环保部南京环境科学研究所"生物多样性示范监测"项目;全球绿色基金会(GGF)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

Number and distribution of the Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) in Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve, Gansu, China

  • 摘要: 甘肃是黑颈鹤 (Grus nigricollis) 的主要繁殖地之一。2014年4—10月,以甘肃盐池湾国家级自然保护区为研究区域,采用样线法和样点法调查黑颈鹤的数量与分布范围,并了解黑颈鹤的栖息地环境与保护现状。记录到黑颈鹤数量最高为148只,其中亚成体30只,幼体38只。与2012年(140只)、2013年(149只)相比,黑颈鹤数量保持稳定。调查还发现黑颈鹤巢址42个,均分布于海拔3 160~3 260 m的河流湖泊湿地、沼泽湿地等水资源、食物资源较丰富的地方。由于2014年湿地水资源相对减少,导致许多湿地水位下降,水域面积减小,使黑颈鹤的繁殖受到自然条件制约和天敌干扰。建议保护区通过提高管理水平,强化宣传教育,严格执法力度,减少人为干扰来加强黑颈鹤保护和湿地恢复工作。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-12-15
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-17
  • 刊出日期:  2014-12-08

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