[PIDBA (Program of Argentine Biodiversity Research), Faculty of Natural Science and Institute Miguel Lillo, National University of Tucuman-PCMA (Program of Argentine Bat Conservation);CONICET (National Council of Scientific and Technical Research), Miguel Lillo 205, CP. 4000, Tucumán, Argentina]
The northern Amazon Basin in Peru is one of the most diverse areas for small mammals in the world. In this work, I present information related to the diversity of bat species in the Amazonian region of Iquitos, Peru, where nearly 60% of the 152 bat species known to Peru recorded. Unlike in previous investigations in this area, bat surveys were designed to detect species living in urban and rural areas. The results have added a new bat species (Eumops delticus) to the Peruvian fauna, eight new species for the region around Iquitos (Peropteryx macrotis, Peropteryx pallidoptera, Anoura caudifer, Lionycteris spurrelli, Vampyrum spectrum, Thyroptera lavali, Cynomops planirostris, and Molossus coibensis), and a new species for Northeast Peru (Eumops maurus).