Volume 42 Issue 2
Mar.  2021
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Yun-Chun Zhang, Ye Htet Lwin, Ren Li, Kyaw-Win Maung, Guo-Gang Li, Rui-Chang Quan. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Muntiacus with special emphasis on the phylogenetic position of Muntiacus gongshanensis. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(2): 212-216. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.355
Citation: Yun-Chun Zhang, Ye Htet Lwin, Ren Li, Kyaw-Win Maung, Guo-Gang Li, Rui-Chang Quan. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Muntiacus with special emphasis on the phylogenetic position of Muntiacus gongshanensis. Zoological Research, 2021, 42(2): 212-216. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.355

Molecular phylogeny of the genus Muntiacus with special emphasis on the phylogenetic position of Muntiacus gongshanensis

doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.355
Funds:  This study was supported by the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Special Fund (Biodiversity Monitoring and Network Construction along Lancang-Mekong River Basin Project; Y8GK041B01), CAS-SEABRI (Y4ZK111B01), CAS 135 Program (2017 XTBG-F03), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (31901080)
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: qhnulgg@126.comquanrc@xtbg.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-12-08
  • Accepted Date: 2021-01-22
  • Available Online: 2021-01-25
  • Publish Date: 2021-03-18
  • Muntjac deer (Cervidae: Muntiacus) are often cited as an excellent model for the study of vertebrate evolution due to their fast rate of change in chromosome number among vertebrates. However, the phylogenetic relationships within Muntiacus generally, and the taxonomic status of Muntiacus gongshanensis specifically, remain unclear. Here, the phylogenetic relationships within Muntiacus were studied using mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) and cytochrome b (cyt b) segments. Our results recognize 12 species within Muntiacus and support the controversial species M. gongshanensis, M. putaoensis, and M. malabaricus. Furthermore, Bayesian inference (BI) and maximum-likelihood (ML) approaches revealed M. gongshanensis and M. crinifrons to be closely related species, with M. feae as their sister species, and M. putaoensis and M. truongsonensis to be closely related, with M. rooseveltorum as their sister species. The distribution range of M. gongshanensis was also confirmed in southwest China (Namdapha, Modong, Zayu and Gongshan) and northern Myanmar (Putao). The results of this study provide insight into the evolution of Muntiacus and further provide a molecular basis for the taxonomic evaluation of the genus in the future and fundamental data for the conservation of M. gongshanensis.
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