Volume 37 Issue 6
Nov.  2016
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Newton O. OTECKO, Min-Sheng PENG, He-Chuan YANG, Ya-Ping ZHANG, Guo-Dong WANG. Re-evaluating data quality of dog mitochondrial, Y chromosomal, and autosomal SNPs genotyped by SNP array. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(6): 356-360. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.6.356
Citation: Newton O. OTECKO, Min-Sheng PENG, He-Chuan YANG, Ya-Ping ZHANG, Guo-Dong WANG. Re-evaluating data quality of dog mitochondrial, Y chromosomal, and autosomal SNPs genotyped by SNP array. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(6): 356-360. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.6.356

Re-evaluating data quality of dog mitochondrial, Y chromosomal, and autosomal SNPs genotyped by SNP array

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.6.356
Funds:  This work was supported by grants from the NSFC (91531303) and the 973 programs (2013CB835200; 2013CB835202)
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  • Corresponding author: Guo-Dong WANG
  • Received Date: 2016-10-18
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-11-04
  • Publish Date: 2016-11-18
  • Quality deficiencies in single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses have important implications. We used missingness rates to investigate the quality of a recently published dataset containing 424 mitochondrial, 211 Y chromosomal, and 160 432 autosomal SNPs generated by a semicustom Illumina SNP array from 5 392 dogs and 14 grey wolves. Overall, the individual missingness rate for mitochondrial SNPs was ~43.8%, with 980 (18.1%) individuals completely missing mitochondrial SNP genotyping (missingness rate=1). In males, the genotype missingness rate was ~28.8% for Y chromosomal SNPs, with 374 males recording rates above 0.96. These 374 males also exhibited completely failed mitochondrial SNPs genotyping, indicative of a batch effect. Individual missingness rates for autosomal markers were greater than zero, but less than 0.5. Neither mitochondrial nor Y chromosomal SNPs achieved complete genotyping (locus missingness rate=0), whereas 5.9% of autosomal SNPs had a locus missingness rate=1. The high missingness rates and possible batch effect show that caution and rigorous measures are vital when genotyping and analyzing SNP array data for domestic animals. Further improvements of these arrays will be helpful to future studies.
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