Volume 37 Issue 3
May  2016
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Xin-Jiang LU, Hao ZHANG, Guan-Jun YANG, Ming-Yun LI, Jiong CHEN. Comparative transcriptome analysis on the alteration of gene expression in ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) larvae associated with salinity change. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(3): 126-135. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.126
Citation: Xin-Jiang LU, Hao ZHANG, Guan-Jun YANG, Ming-Yun LI, Jiong CHEN. Comparative transcriptome analysis on the alteration of gene expression in ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) larvae associated with salinity change. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(3): 126-135. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.126

Comparative transcriptome analysis on the alteration of gene expression in ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) larvae associated with salinity change

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.126
Funds:  The project was supported by the Program for the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31201970) and the KC Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University
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  • Corresponding author: Jiong CHEN
  • Received Date: 2015-12-02
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-04-29
  • Publish Date: 2016-05-18
  • Ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) fish, which are an amphidromous species distributed in East Asia, live in brackish water (BW) during their larval stage and in fresh water (FW) during their adult stage. In this study, we found that FW-acclimated ayu larvae exhibited a slower growth ratio compared with that of BW-acclimated larvae. However, the mechanism underlying FW acclimation on growth suppression is poorly known. We employed transcriptome analysis to investigate the differential gene expression of FW acclimation by RNA sequencing. We identified 158 upregulated and 139 downregulated transcripts in FW-acclimated ayu larvae compared with that in BW-acclimated larvae. As determined by Gene Ontology annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway mapping, functional annotation of the genes covered diverse biological functions and processes, and included neuroendocrinology, osmotic regulation, energy metabolism, and the cytoskeleton. Transcriptional expression of several differentially expressed genes in response to FW acclimation was further confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. In accordance with transcriptome analysis, iodothyronine deiodinase (ID), pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 1(BHMT), fructose-bisphosphate aldolase B (aldolase B), tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT), and Na+-K+ ATPase (NKA) were upregulated after FW acclimation. Furthermore, the mRNA expressions of b-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and transgelin were downregulated after FW acclimation. Our data indicate that FW acclimation reduced the growth rate of ayu larvae, which might result from the expression alteration of genes related to endocrine hormones, energy metabolism, and direct osmoregulation.
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