Volume 35 Issue 6
Nov.  2014
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Hong-Fa LU, Li-Na DU, Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG. Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(6): 510-527. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510
Citation: Hong-Fa LU, Li-Na DU, Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG. Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae). Zoological Research, 2014, 35(6): 510-527. doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510

Morphological analysis of the Chinese Cipangopaludina species (Gastropoda; Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae)

doi: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2014.6.510
Funds:  This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31301865); the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province of China (LY12C19006) and the Collection and Preparation of Display Specimens at Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology (KSZD–EW–TZ–005)
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Zhi-Qiang LI, Xiao-Yong CHEN, Jun-Xing YANG
  • Received Date: 2014-04-02
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-07-20
  • Publish Date: 2014-11-08
  • Viviparidae are widely distributed around the globe, but there are considerable gaps in the taxonomic record. To date, 18 species of the viviparid genus Cipangopaludina have been recorded in China, but there is substantial disagreement on the validity of this taxonomy. In this study, we described the shell and internal traits of these species to better discuss the validity of related species. We found that C. ampulliformis is synonym of C. lecythis, and C. wingatei is synonym of C. chinensis,while C. ampullacea and C. fluminalis are subspecies of C. lecythis and C. chinensis, respectively. C. dianchiensis should be paled in the genus Margarya, while C. menglaensis and C. yunnanensisbelong to genus Mekongia. Totally, this leaves 11 species and 2 subspecies recorded in China. Based on whether these specimens' spiral whorl depth was longer than aperture depth, these species or subspecies can be further divided into two groups, viz. chinensis group and cathayensis group, which can be determined from one another via the ratio of spiral depth and aperture depth, vas deferens and number of secondary branches of vas deferens. Additionally, Principal Component Analysis indicated that body whorl depth, shell width, aperture width and aperture length were main variables during species of Cipangopaludina. A key to all valid Chinese Cipangopaludina specieswere given.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Annandale N. 1920. The Indian general of Viviparidae. Records of the Indian Museum, 19: 114-115.
    Annandale N, Sewell RBS. 1921. The banded pond-snail of India (Vivipara bengalensis). Records of the Indian Museum, 22:, 215-292.
    Armbruster G. 1995. Univariate and multivariate analyses of shell variables within the genus Cochlicopa (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Cochlicopidae). Journal of Mollusca Studies, 61(2): 225-235.
    Benson WH. 1836. Descriptive catalogue of a collection of land and fresh-water shells, chiefly contained in the museum of the Asiatic Society. Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal, 5: 741-750.
    Benson WH. 1842. Mollusca, in Theodor Cantor's general features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, including Zoology, Botany and Geology, 9: 481-493.
    Bouchet P, Rocroi JP. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia, 47: 85-397.
    Brandt RAM. 1974. The non-marine aquatic Mollusca of Thailand. In: Archiv für Molluskenkunde der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, vol. 105. Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft:, 33.
    Brown DS. 1994. Freshwater Snails of Africa and Their Medical Importance, 2nd ed. London,: Taylor & Francis,.
    Chiu YW, Chen HC, Lee SC, Chen CA. 2002. Morphometric analysis of shell and operculum variations in the viviparid snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis (Mollusca: Gastropoda), in Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 41(3): 321-331.
    Clench W, Fuller S. 1965. The genus Viviparus in North America. Occasional Papers on Mollusks, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 2: 385-412.
    Dautzenberg P, Fischer H. 1905. Liste des mollusques récoltés par M. H. Mansuy en Indo-Chine et au Yunnan et description d'espèces nouvelles. Journal de Conchylologie, 53: 343-417.
    Du LN, Yang JX, Chen XY. 2011. A new species of Trochotaia (Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae) from Yunnan, China. Molluscan Research, 31, (2): 85-89.
    Du LN, Yang JX, von Rintelen T, Chen XY, Aldridge D. 2013. Molecular phylogenetic evidence that the Chinese viviparid genus Margarya (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) is polyphyletic. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58(18): 2154-2162.
    Fischer P. 1891. Catalogue et Distribution géographique des Mollusques terrestres, fluviatiles & marins d'une partie de l'Indo-Chine (Siam, Laos, Cambodge, Conchinchine, Annam, Tonkin). Dejussieu père et fils.
    Franke H, Riedel F, Glaubrecht M, Köhler F, von Rintelen T. 2007. Evolution and biogeography of Southeast Asian viviparids (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda). In: Jordaens K, Van Houtte N, Van Goethem J, Backeljau T., World Congress of Malacology,. Antwerp, Belgium, .
    Gerstfeldt G. 1859. Ueber Land– und Süsswasser-Mollusken Siberiens und des Amur-ge-bietes. Mémoires des Savants étrangers, 9: 507-548.
    Griffith E, Pidgeon E.
    -1834. The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed. In: Griffith E. The Mollusca and Radiata. Vol. 12. London: Whittaker and Co.,
    Hannibal H. 1912. A synopsis of the Recent and Tertiary freshwater Molluscs of the Californian province, based upon an ontogenetic classification.Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 10: 194.
    Heude PM. 1882-1890. Notes sur les mollusques terrestres et d'eau douce de la vallée du Fleuve Bleu. Memoires concemant L'Histoire naturelle e L'empire chinois par des peres de la compagnie de Jesus, 173-175, pl. 39.
    Holznagel WE. 1998. Research note: A nondestructive method for cleaning gastropod radulae from frozen, alcohol-fixed, or dried material. American Malacological Bulletin, 14(2): 181-183.
    ICZN. 1999. International Code of Zoological nomenclature. 4th ed. London: International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature.
    Kobelt WS. 1909. Die Gattung Paludina Lam. (Vivipara Montfort): Neue Folge. In: Abbildungen Nach de Natur mit Beschreibngen. Systematisches Conchylien–Cabinet von Martini und Chemnitz, 1 (21).: 97-380.
    Küster HC. 1852. Die Gattungen Paludina, Hydrocaena und Valvata. In: Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Systematisches Conchylien–Cabinet von Martini und Chemnitz, 1(21): 1-96. Pls. 1-14.
    Liu YY. 1991. Studies on the Family Viviparidae in China (Mollusca, Gastropoda). In: Proceedings of the 10th International Malacological Congress (Tiibingen 1989), 587-590.
    Liu YY, Zhang WZ, Wang YX. 1993. Medical Malacology. Beijing: China Ocean Press.
    Liu YY, Zhang WZ, Wang YX, Wang EY. 1979. Freshwater molluscs. In: Economic Fauna of China. Beijing: Science Press.
    Mabille J, Le Mesle G. 1866. Observations sur la faune malacologique de la Cochinchine et du Cambodje, comprenant la description des espéces nouvelles (1). Journal de Conchyliologie, 14: 117-138.
    Nevill G. 1885. Hand list of Mollusca in the Indian Museum: Gastropoda. Prosobranchia–Neurobranchia. 1-306.
    Pace GL. 1973. The freshwater snails of Taiwan (Formosa). In: Malacological Review Supplement, Vol. 1. University of California:, 1-117.
    Philippi RA. 1846. Paludina Tab. II. Abbildungen und Beschreibungen neuer oder wenig gekannter Conchylien herausgegeben, 133.
    Plinski M, ?awacz W, Stanczykowska A, Magnin E. 1978. Etude quantitative et qualitative de la nourriture des Viviparus malleatus (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia) dans deux lacs de la région de Montréal. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 56(2): 272-279.
    Prashad P. 1928. Recent and fossil Viviparidae. A study in distribution, evolution and palaeogeography. Memoirs of the Indian Museum, , 8: 153-251.
    Rao HS. 1925. On the comparative anatomy of Oriental Viviparidae. Records of the Indian Museum, 28: 129-135.
    Reeve LA. 1862-1864.Conchologia iconica, or, illustrations of the shells of molluscous animals, Vol. 13-15. London: Monograph of the genus Paludina.
    Sengupta ME, Kristensen TK, Madsen H, Jørgensen A. 2009. Molecular phylogenetic investigations of the Viviparidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda) in the lakes of the Rift Valley area of Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52, (3): 797-805.
    Simone LRL. 2004. Comparative morphology and phylogeny of representatives of the superfamilies of Architaenioglossans and the Annulariidae (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda). Arquivos do Museu Nacional,, 62,: 387-504.
    Smith DG. 2000. Notes on the taxonomy of introduced Bellamya (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) species in northeastern North America. The Nautilus, 114(2): 31-37.
    Soes DM, Majoor GD, Keulen SMA. 2011. Bellamya chinensis (Gray, 1834) (Gastropoda: Viviparidae), a new alien snail species for the European fauna. Aquatic Invasions, 6(1): 97-102.
    Strong EE, Gargominy O, Ponder WF, Bouchet P. 2008. Global diversity of gastropods (Gastropoda: Mollusca) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595(1): 149-166.
    Vail VA. 1977. Comparative reproductive anatomy of three viviparid gastropods. Malacologia, 16: 519-540.
    Valovirta I, Vaisanen RA. 1986. Multivariate morphological discrimination between Vitrea contracta (Westerlund) and V. crystalline (Muller) (Gastropoda, Zonitidae). Journal of Mollusca Studies, 52: 62-67.
    Wang S, Xie Y. 2005. China Species Red List (Volume III). Invertebrates. Beijing: Higher Education Press.(in Chinese)
    Yen TC. 1939. Die chinesischen Land- und Süßwasser-Gastropoden des Natur-Museums Senckenberg. In: Diese Arbeit erscheint gleichzeitig in den Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Abhandlung, Vol. 444: Klostermann.
    Yen TC. 1942. A review of Chinese gastropods in the British Museum. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 24(5-6): 170-289.
    Yen TC. 1943. A preliminary revision of the recent species of Chinese Viviparidae. The Nautilus, 56(4): 124-130.
    Ying T, Fürsich FT, Schneider S. 2013. Giant Viviparidae (Gastropoda: Architaenioglossa) from the Early Oligocene of the Nanning Basin (Guangxi, SE China). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, 267(1): 75-87.
    Zhang L. 1990. A new species of genus Cipangopaludina from Dianchi Lake in Yunnan Province, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 15, (1): 25-27.
    Zhang WZ, Liu YY, Wang YX. 1981. Three new species of Viviparidae from Yunnan province, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 6(1): 40-43.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (685) PDF downloads(1754) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint