Volume 34 Issue 3
May  2013
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Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
Citation: Si-Si LAN, Qin ZHANG, Qin HUANG, Shui-Hua CHEN. Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(3): 182-189. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182

Breeding ecology of Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.3.0182
  • Received Date: 2012-11-30
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-02-03
  • Publish Date: 2013-06-08
  • The Chinese Bulbul, Pycnonotus sinensis, is one of the most abundant and widely distributed birds of south China, settling even in dense urban areas. From March-July 2012, we surveyed the Chinese Bulbul in the urban environment of Hangzhou, China, to gain a clearer perspective on their breeding ecology. Totally, 117 nests were found, mainly on the trees of Osmanthus fragrans (84.6%, n=117) in residential areas,street tree strips, and green belt. Our results include several noteworthy observations: nest height from the ground was 3.16?0.91 m (n=117); egg-laying begins in early April with peak times from April 11-25; and the nesting period was 11.85?1.12 days (n=47). In terms of fertility and reproduction, we also observed that the average incubation period was 11.34?1.12 days (n=32); average clutch size was 3.37?0.48 eggs (n=103); hatching success 68.3%, fledging rate 52.1%, and the total breeding success 35.58% (n=117). The main causes of breeding failure included egg and fledgling predation, as well as human disturbance.
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