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Ultrastructure of Ericerus pela (Chavannes) nymph mouthparts and ecological adaptations

ZHAO Jie-Jun CHEN Xiao-Ming WANG Zi-Li YE Shou-De CHEN Yong WANG Shao-Yun

ZHAO Jie-Jun, CHEN Xiao-Ming, WANG Zi-Li, YE Shou-De, CHEN Yong, WANG Shao-Yun. Ultrastructure of Ericerus pela (Chavannes) nymph mouthparts and ecological adaptations. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(5): 447-454. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05447
Citation: ZHAO Jie-Jun, CHEN Xiao-Ming, WANG Zi-Li, YE Shou-De, CHEN Yong, WANG Shao-Yun. Ultrastructure of Ericerus pela (Chavannes) nymph mouthparts and ecological adaptations. Zoological Research, 2012, 33(5): 447-454. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05447

白蜡虫若虫口器超微结构特征与生态适应性

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.05447
基金项目: 国家林业局林业公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201204602); “十二五”国家科技计划课题(2011BAD33B02 ); 国家自然科学基金项目(30771736); 中国林科院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(riricaf201004M)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: S899.1

Ultrastructure of Ericerus pela (Chavannes) nymph mouthparts and ecological adaptations

  • 摘要: 超微结构表明, 白蜡虫雌、雄若虫口器结构相同, 均由外部的口针、下唇和唇基板, 以及内部的口针囊和幕骨组成, 且具有以下显著特点:(1)口器具口针囊, 幕骨发达; (2)上唇退化, 下唇短小、不分节; (3)下颚针具T型锁紧密相扣; (4)口器刚毛稀疏, 感器单一。其中, 口器上、下唇退化, 幕骨发达, 口针束伸缩可能主要受幕骨和口针囊控制, 而口器感器退化则可能与其取食行为的高度特化有关。白蜡虫雌、雄虫口针长度和直径差异不显著(P>0.05), 而1龄、2龄若虫口针长度和直径差异显著(P<0.05)。1龄若虫由于口针较短, 口针束较柔软, 适宜穿刺较薄的叶片, 故生活在叶片上, 而2龄若虫由于口针较长, 口针束较为坚硬, 适宜穿刺比叶片厚的树皮, 故返回枝条生活, 且若虫从叶片转移到枝条上生活, 可能是基于寻求安全栖息地和稳定食物来源。
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2012-06-10
  • 刊出日期:  2012-10-10

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