留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex

XIANG Xian-Ling XI Yi-Long WEN Xin-Li ZHANG Jin-Yan MA Qin

XIANG Xian-Ling, XI Yi-Long, WEN Xin-Li, ZHANG Jin-Yan, MA Qin. Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(3): 205-220. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205
Citation: XIANG Xian-Ling, XI Yi-Long, WEN Xin-Li, ZHANG Jin-Yan, MA Qin. Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(3): 205-220. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205

萼花臂尾轮虫种复合体遗传分化的空间格局

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010.03205
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    席贻龙

Spatial Patterns of Genetic Differentiation in Brachionus calyciflorus Species Complex

Funds: 基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30770352, 30499341);安徽省优秀青年基金(08040106904);安徽省教育厅自然科学基金(KJ2009B089Z); “重要生物资源保护和利用研究”安徽省重点实验室专项基金资助;安徽师范大学青年基金资助项目(2008xqn71)
More Information
    Corresponding author: XI Yi-Long
  • 摘要: 对采自中国东部八个地理区域中的萼花臂尾轮虫种复合体(Brachionus calyciflorus species complex)内124个轮虫克隆的核DNA ITS区进行了测序和分析,重建了萼花臂尾轮虫种复合体的系统发生树。研究发现73个单倍型聚合为三个支系,支系间序列差异百分比为4.2%-25.3%,表明萼花臂尾轮虫实际上是由三个隐种组成的种复合体,在广州、儋州和芜湖采样点均具有隐种共存现象。萼花臂尾轮虫种复合体的核苷酸多样性和单倍型多样性均较高,隐种III内各种群间遗传分化指数也较高,这可能是由于栖息地的片段化、有限的基因流以及在冰期瓶颈后拓殖种群的快速增长阻碍了有效基因流,加速了地理种群间的遗传分化。巢式支系分析显示部分巢支具有一定的系统地理格局,而Mantel检验表明种群间平均净遗传距离及遗传分化指数和地理距离间均没有显著的相关性。末次盛冰期之后的新仙女木事件(YD Event)可能对我国萼花臂尾轮虫隐种的分布和地理格局造成较大影响。在YD时期,三个萼花臂尾轮虫隐种可能退缩并共存于南岭以南地区的多个残遗种避难所,而此后的休眠卵长距离拓殖并伴随后期的栖息地片段化可能是形成当前地理格局的主要原因。萼花臂尾轮虫种复合体在全球范围内的地理分布可能与大陆板块构造运动有关。
  • [1] Allendorf F, Ryman N. 2002. The Role of Genetics in Ppopulation Viability Analysis [M]// Beissinger SR, McCullough DR. Population Viability Analysis. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 50-85.
    [2] Avise JC, Arnold J, Ball RM. 1987. Intraspecific phylogeography: The mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics [J]. Annu Rev Ecol Evol S, 18: 489-522.
    [3] Avise JC, Hamrick JL. 1996. Conservation Genetics: Case Histories from Nature [M]. New York: Chapman and Hall, 1-490.
    [4] Avise JC. 1998. The history and preview of phylogeography: A personal reflection [J]. Mol Ecol, 7: 371-379.
    [5] Avise JC. 2000. Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species [M]. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 447.
    [6] Bandelt HJ, Forster P, Röhl A. 1999. Median-joining networks for inferring intraspecific phylogenies [J]. Mol Biol Evol, 16: 37-48.
    [7] Bazin E, Glémin S, Galtier N. 2006. Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals [J]. Science, 5773: 570-572.
    [8] Bermingham E, Avise JC. 1986. Molecular zoogeography of freshwater fishes in the southeastern United States [J]. Genetics, 113: 939-965.
    [9] Boileau MG, Hebert PDN, Schwartz SS. 1992. Non-equilibrium gene frequency divergence: Persistent founder effects in natural populations [J]. J Evol Biol, 5: 25-39.
    [10] Carvalho GR. 1994. Evolutionary Genetics of Aquatic Clonal Invertebrates: Concepts, Problems and Prospects [M]// Beaumont AR. Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic Organisms. London: Chapman and Hall, 291-322.
    [11] Castelloe J, Templeton AR. 1994. Root probabilities for intraspecific gene trees under neutral coalescent theory [J]. Mol Phylogenet Evol, 3: 102-113.
    [12] Chen YF, Chen YY, He DK, Sui XY. 2006. Current status and perspective of biogeography study in Taiwan strait, China [J]. Chn J Zool, 41(1): 118-122. [陈毅峰, 陈宜瑜, 何德奎, 隋晓云. 2006. 台湾海峡两岸生物地理学现状与展望. 动物学杂志, 41(1): 118-122.]
    [13] Cheng XF, Xi YL, Li HB. 2008. Seasonal changes in the genetic structure of a Brachionus calyciflorus population in Lake Liantang based on ITS sequences [J]. Acta Zool Sin, 54(2): 245-255.[程新峰, 席贻龙, 李化炳. 2008. 基于rDNA ITS序列分析莲塘湖萼花臂尾轮虫种群遗传结构的季节变化. 动物学报, 54(2): 245-255.]
    [14] Ciros-Pérez J, Gómez A, Serra M. 2001. On the taxonomy of three sympatric sibling species of the Brachionus plicatilis (Rotifera) complex from Spain, with the description of B. ibericus n. sp [J]. J Plankton Res, 23: 1311-1328.
    [15] Cox AJ, Hebert PDN. 2001. Colonization, extinction, and phylogeographic patterning in a freshwater crustacean [J]. Mol Ecol, 10: 371-386.
    [16] De Gelas K, De Meester L. 2005. Phylogeography of Daphnia magna in Europe [J]. Mol Ecol, 14: 753-764.
    [17] De Meester L, Gómez A, Okamura B, Schwenk K. 2002. The monopolization hypothesis and the dispersal–gene flow paradox in aquatic organisms [J]. Acta Oecol, 23: 121-135.
    [18] De Meester L. 1993. Inbreeding and outbreeding depression in Daphnia [J]. Oecologia, 96: 80-84.
    [19] De Meester L. 1996. Local genetic differentiation and adaptation in freshwater zooplankton populations: Patterns and processes [J]. Ecoscience, 3: 385-399.
    [20] Derry AM, Hebert PDN, Prepas EE. 2003. Evolution of rotifers in saline and subsaline lakes: A molecular phylogenetic approach [J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 48: 675-685.
    [21] Dodson SI, Grishanin AK, Gross K, Wyngaard GA. 2003. Morphological analysis of some cryptic species in the Acanthocyclops vernalis species complex from North America [J]. Hydrobiologia, 500: 131-143.
    [22] Dong YW, Niu CJ. 2004. Sequence variability of mitochondrial COI region and population genetic structure of rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus [J]. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 35: 473-480. [董云伟, 牛翠娟. 2004. 萼花臂尾轮虫(Brachionus calyciflorus) COI 基因序列变异及种群遗传结构分析. 海洋与湖沼, 35(5): 473-480.]
    [23] Edwards KJ, Gadek PA. 2001. Evolution and biogeography of Alectryon (Sapindaceae) [J]. Mol Phylogenet Evol, 20: 14-26.
    [24] Excoffier Laval G, Schneider S. 2005. Arlequin (version 3.0): An integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. version 3.0 [J]. Evol Bioinformat Online, 1: 47-50.
    [25] Felsenstein J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap [J]. Evolution, 39: 783-791.
    [26] Fernando P, Pfrender ME, Encalada SE, Lande R. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA variation, phylogeography and population structure of the Asian elephant [J]. Heredity, 84: 362-372.
    [27] Gilbert JJ, Walsh EJ. 2005. Brachionus calyciflorus is a species complex: Mating behavior and genetic differentiation among four geographically isolated strains [J]. Hydrobiologia, 546: 257-265.
    [28] Gilbert JJ. 1963. Mictic female production in the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus [J]. J Exp Zool, 153: 113-124.
    [29] Gómez A, Adcock GJ, Lunt DH, Carvalho GR. 2002a. The interplay between colonization history and gene flow in passively dispersing zooplankton: Microsatellite analysis of rotifer resting egg banks [J]. J Evol Biol, 15: 158-171.
    [30] Gómez A, Carvalho GR, Lunt DH. 2000. Phylogeography and regional endemism of a passively dispersing zooplankter: Mitochondrial DNA variation in rotifer resting egg banks [J]. Proc R Soc Lond B, 267: 2189-2197.
    [31] Gómez A, Montero-pau J, Lunt DH, Serra M, Campillo S. 2007. Persistent genetic signatures of colonization in Brachionus manjavacas rotifers in the Iberian Peninsula [J]. Mol Ecol, 16: 3228-3240.
    [32] Gómez A, Serra M, Carvalho GR, Lunt DH. 2002b. Speciation in ancient cryptic species complexes: Evidence from the molecular phylogeny of Brachionus plicatilis (rotifera) [J]. Evolution, 56: 1431-1444.
    [33] Gómez A, Temprano M, Serra M. 1995. Ecological genetics of a cyclical parthenogen in temporary habitats [J]. J Evol Biol, 8: 601-622.
    [34] Gómez A. 1997. Ecological factors affecting gene flow in the Brachionus plicatilis complex (rotifera) [J]. Oecologia, 111: 350-356.
    [35] Gómez A. 2005. Molecular ecology of rotifers: From population differentiation to speciation [J]. Hydrobiologia, 546: 83-99.
    [36] Hairston NG. 1996. Zooplankton egg banks as biotic reservoirs in changing environments [J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 41: 1087-1092.
    [37] Hatton-Ellis TW, Noble LR, Okamura B. 1998. Genetic variation in a freshwater bryozoan. I: Populations in the Thames basin, UK [J]. Mol Ecol, 7: 1575-1585.
    [38] Hebert PDN, Wilson C. 1994. Provincialism in plankton: Endemism and allopatric speciation in Australian Daphnia [J]. Evolution, 48: 1333-1349.
    [39] Hebert PDN, Witt JDS, Adamowicz SJ. 2003. Phylogeographical patterning in Daphnia ambigua: Regional divergence and intercontinental cohesion [J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 48: 261-268.
    [40] Hebert PDN. 1987. Genetics of Daphnia [J]. Mem Ist Ital Idrobiol, 45: 439-460.
    [41] Hebert PDN. 1998. Variable Environments and Evolutionary Diversification in Inland Waters [M]// Carvalho GR. Advances in Molecular Ecology. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 267-290.
    [42] Hewitt GM. 2000. The genetic legacy of the quaternary ice ages [J]. Nature, 405: 907-913.
    [43] Hutchinson GE. 1967. A Treatise on Limnology II: Introduction to Lake Biology and Limnoplankton [M]. New York: John Willey and Sons, 1-1115.
    [44] Innes DJ. 1991. Geographic patterns of genetic differentiation among sexual populations of Daphnia pulex [J]. Can J Zool, 69: 995-1003.
    [45] Ishida S, Taylor DJ. 2007. Mature habitats associated with genetic divergence despite strong dispersal ability in an arthropod [J]. BMC Evol Biol, 7: 52.
    [46] Johnson WE, Slattery JP, Eizirik E, Kim J, Raymond MM, Bonacic C, Cambre R, Crawshaw P, Nunes A, Seuánez HN, Moreira MAM, Seymour KL, Simon F, Swanson W, O’brien SJ. 1999. Disparate phylogeographic patterns of molecular genetic variation in four closely related South American small cat species [J]. Mol Ecol, 8: 79-94.
    [47] Kim K, Kotov AA, Taylor DJ. 2006. Hormonal induction of undescribed males resolves cryptic species of cladocerans [J]. Proc R Soc Lond B, 273: 141-147.
    [48] Knowlton N. 1993. Sibling species in the sea [J]. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst, 24: 189-216.
    [49] Knowlton N. 2000. Molecular genetic analyses of species boundaries in the sea [J]. Hydrobiologia, 420: 73-90.
    [50] Koste W. 1978. Rotatoria - die Rädertiere Mitteleuropas [M]. 2nd ed. Berlin: Bornträger, 673.
    [51] Lee CE, Frost BW. 2002. Morphological stasis in the Eurytemora affinis species complex (Copepoda: Temoridae) [J]. Hydrobiologia, 480: 111-128.
    [52] Lee CE. 2000. Global phylogeography of a cryptic copepod species complex and reproductive isolation between genetically proximate ‘populations’ [J]. Evolution, 54: 2014-2027.
    [53] Li HB, Xi YL, Cheng XF, Xiang XL, Hu CB, Tao LX. 2008. Sympatric speciation in rotifers: Evidence from molecular phylogenetic relationships and reproductive isolation among Brachionus calyciflorus clones [J]. Acta Zool Sin, 54(2): 256-264. [李化炳, 席贻龙, 程新峰, 项贤领, 胡存兵, 陶李祥. 2008. 轮虫同域性物种形成:来自萼花臂尾轮虫克隆间的分子系统发育关系和生殖隔离的证据. 动物学报, 54(2): 256-264.]
    [54] Li SH, Zhu H, Xia YZ, Yu MJ, Lin KE, Liu KS, Le ZY, Chen YX. 1959. The mass culture of unicellular green algae [J]. Acta Hydrobiol Sin, 4: 462-472. [黎尚豪, 朱  蕙, 夏宜琤, 俞敏娟, 林坤二, 刘昆山, 乐正亚, 陈云霞. 1959. 单细胞绿藻的大量培养试验. 水生生物学集刊, 4: 462-472.]
    [55] Librado P, Rozas J. 2009. DnaSP version 5.0: A software for comprehensive analysis of DNA polymorphism data [J]. Bioinformatics, 25: 1451-1452.
    [56] Lowe CD, Kemp SJ, Diaz-Avalos C, Montagnes DJS. 2007. How does salinity tolerance influence the distributions of Brachionus plicatilis sibling species? [J]. Mar Biol, 150: 377-386.
    [57] Mantel N. 1967. The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach [J]. Cancer Res, 27: 209-220.
    [58] Mergeay J, Verschuren D, De Meester L. 2005. Cryptic invasion and dispersal of an American Daphnia in East Africa [J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 50: 1278-1283.
    [59] Miao W, Yu YH, Shen YF, Zhang XY. 2003. Intraspecific phylogeography of Carchesium polypinum (Peritrichia, Ciliophora) from China, inferred from 18S-ITS1-5.8S ribosomal DNA [J]. Sci Chn Ser C: Life Sci, 47(1): 11-17. [缪  炜, 余育和, 沈韫芬, 张锡元. 2003. 螅状独缩虫种内分子系统地理学的研究. 中国科学(C辑), 33(2): 151-159.]
    [60] Mills S, Lunt DH, Gómez A. 2007. Global isolation by distance despite strong regional phylogeography in a small metazoan [J]. BMC Evol Biol, 7: 225.
    [61] Muñoz J, Gómez A, Green AJ, Figuerola J, Amat F, Rico C. 2008. Phylogeography and local endemism of the native Mediterranean brine shrimp Artemia salina (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) [J]. Mol Ecol, 17: 3160-3177.
    [62] Nei M, Li WH. 1979. Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases [J]. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 76: 5269-5273.
    [63] Okamura B, Freeland J. 2002. Gene Flow and the Evolutionary Ecology of Passively Dispersing Aquatic Invertebrates [M]// Bullock JM, Kenward RE, Hails RS. Dispersal. London: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 194-218.
    [64] Ortells R, Gómez A, Serra M. 2003. Coexistence of cryptic rotifer species: Ecological and genetic characterisation of Brachionus plicatilis [J]. Freshw Biol, 48: 2194-2202.
    [65] Ortells R, Snell TW, Gómez A, Serra M. 2000. Patterns of genetic differentiation in resting egg banks of a rotifer species complex in Spain [J]. Arch Hydrobiol, 149: 529-551.
    [66] Penton EH, Hebert PDN, Crease TJ. 2004. Mitochrondrial DNA variation in North American populations of Daphnia obtusa: Continentalism or cryptic endemism? [J]. Mol Ecol, 13: 97-107.
    [67] Posada D, Crandall KA, Templeton AR. 2000. GeoDis: A program for the cladistic nested analysis of the geographical distribution of genetic haplotypes [J]. Mol Ecol, 9: 487-488.
    [68] Posada D, Crandall KA. 1998. Modeltest: Testing the model of DNA substitution [J]. Bioinformatics, 9: 817-818.
    [69] Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP. 2003. Mrbayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models [J]. Bioinformatics, 19: 1572-1574.
    [70] Ruttner-Kolisko A. 1974. Plankton Rrotifers [M]// Elster HJ, Ohle W. Die Binnengewässer. Stuttgart: Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1-146.
    [71] Schon I, Gandolfi A, Di Masso E, Rossi V, Griffiths HI, Martens K, Butlin RK. 2000. Persistence of asexuality through mixed reproduction in Eucypris virens (Crustacea, Ostracoda) [J]. Heredity, 84: 161-169.
    [72] Suatoni E. 2003. Patterns of Speciation in the Rotifer Species Complex, Brachionus Plicatilis [M]. New Haven: Yale University, 115.
    [73] Swofford DL. 2002. PhylogeneticAnalysis Using Parsimony (*and other methods) [M]. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.
    [74] Taberlet P, Bouvet J. 1994. Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism, phylogeography, and conservation genetics the brow bear (Ursus arctos) in Europe [J]. Proc  R  Soc  Lond  B,255: 195-200.
    [75] Taylor DJ, Finston TL, Hebert PDN. 1998. Biogeography of a widespread freshwater crustacean: Pseudocongruence and cryptic endemism in the North American Daphnia leavis complex [J]. Evolution, 52: 1648-1670.
    [76] Taylor DJ, Hebert PDN. 1992. Daphnia galeata mendotae as a cryptic species complex with interspecific hybrids [J]. Limnol Oceanogr, 37: 658-665.
    [77] Templeton AR, Boerwinkle E, Sing CF. 1987. A cladistic analysis of phenotypic associations with haplotypes inferred from restriction endonuclease mapping. I: Basic theory and an analysis of alcohol dehydrogenase activity in Drosophila [J]. Genetics, 117: 343-351.
    [78] Templeton AR, Crandall KA, Sing CF. 1992. A cladistic analysis of phenotypic associations with haplotypes inferred from restriction endonuclease mapping and DNA sequence data. III: Cladogram estimation [J]. Genetics, 132: 619-633.
    [79] Templeton AR, Sing CF. 1993. A cladistic analysis of phenotypic associations with haplotypes inferred from restriction endonuclease mapping. IV: Nested analysis with cladogram uncertainty and recombination [J]. Genetics, 134: 659-669.
    [80] Templeton AR. 2004. Statistical phylogeography: Methods of evaluating and minimizing inference errors [J]. Mol Ecol, 13: 789-809.
    [81] Thomas JA, Welch JJ, Woolfit M, Bromham L. 2006. There is no universal molecular clock for invertebrates, but rate variation does not scale with body size [J]. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 103: 7366-7371.
    [82] Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewinak F, Jeanmougin F, Higgins DG. 1997. The Clustal X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools [J]. Nucleic Acids Res, 24: 4876-4882.
    [83] Vanoverbeke J, De Meester L. 1997. Among-populational genetic differentiation in the cyclical parthenogen Daphnia magna (Crustacea, Anomopoda) and its relation to geographic distance and clonal diversity [J]. Hydrobiologia, 360: 135-142.
    [84] Wallace RL, Snell TW. 2001. Rotifera [M]// Thorp JH, Covich AP. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. 2nd ed. San Diego: Academic Press, 195-254.
    [85] Weider LJ, Hobaek A, Colbourne JK, Crease TJ, Dufresne F, Hebert PDN. 1999a. Holoarctic phylogeography of an asexual species complex. I: Mitochondrial DNA variation in arctic Daphnia [J]. Evolution, 53: 777-792.
    [86] Weider LJ, Hobaek A, Hebert PDN, Crease TJ. 1999b. Holarctic phylogeography of an asexual species complex. II: Allozymic variation and clonal structure in Arctic Daphnia [J]. Mol Ecol, 8: 1-13.
    [87] Xi YL, Chen YQ, Zhuge Y, Huang XF. 2003. Sequence analysis of rDNA 18s - 28s intergenic spacer regions from Brachionus calyciflorus, B. bidentata, B. diversicornis and B. ngularis in lake Donghu, China [J]. Acta Hydrobiol Sin, 27(4): 427-430. [席贻龙, 陈月琴, 诸葛燕, 黄祥飞. 2003. 四种臂尾轮虫rDNA 18S—28S基因间隔区的序列测定与分析. 水生生物学报, 27(4): 427-430.]
    [88] Xiang XL, Xi YL, Hu HY. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of Brachionus rotifers based on rDNA ITS 1 gene sequences [J]. Acta Zool Sin, 52(6): 1067-1074.
    [89] Xiao JY, Wang J, An ZS, Wu XH, Zhou WJ. 1998. Evidence for the Younger Dryas Event in the eastern part of Nanling Region [J]. Acta Bot Sin, 40: 1079-1082. [萧家仪, 王  建, 安芷生, 吴锡浩, 周卫建. 1998. 南岭东部新仙女木事件的孢粉学证据. 植物学报, 40(11): 1079-1082.]
    [90] Yu Y, Yan Q, Feng W. 2008. Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of plankton communities in lake Donghu, China, as revealed by PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and its relation to biotic and abiotic factors [J]. FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 63: 328-337.
    [91] Zhang JY. 2009. Taxonomical status and ecological difference of two Brachionus calyciflorus morphotypes [D]. Master thesis, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu. [张晋艳. 2009. 两种形态型萼花臂尾轮虫的分类地位和生态差异研究. 硕士论文, 安徽师范大学, 芜湖.]
  • [1] Alberto Gómez-Carballa, Xabier Bello, Jacobo Pardo-Seco, María Luisa Pérez del Molino, Federico Martinón-Torres, Antonio Salas.  Phylogeography of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Spain: a story of multiple introductions, micro-geographic stratification, founder effects, and super-spreaders, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2020.217
    [2] Bryan S. McLean, Batsaikhan Nyamsuren, Andrey Tchabovsky, Joseph A. Cook.   Impacts of late Quaternary environmental change on the long-tailed ground squirrel (Urocitellus undulatus) in Mongolia, Zoological Research. doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.042
    [3] Si-Qing LIU, Qiong-Ying TANG, Xiao-Juan LI, Huan-Zhang LIU.  Phylogeographic analyses of Sarcocheilichthys nigripinnis(Teleostei:Cyprinidae)based on mitochondrial DNA Cyt b gene sequences, Zoological Research. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.5.0437
    [4] Zhiying JIA, Yuyong ZHANG, Shuqiang CHEN, Lianyu SHI.  Genetic diversity and differentiation of masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou masou) between and within cultured populations inferred from microsatellite DNA analysis, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2012.E03-04E33
    [5] ZHONG Ping-hua, SHAO Ming-qin, DAI Nian-hua, ZENG Fan-wei.  Genetic Differentiation of Tegillarca granosa Based on Mitochondrial COI Gene Sequences, Zoological Research. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2009.01017
    [6] YANG Ze-yu, MIAO Yong-wang , LI Da-lin, HUO Jin-long, CHEN Tao, HE Chao-yang, CHUANG Xiang-hui, TANG Shou-kun.  Unfolding of Population Structure in Dehong Buffalo Using Microsatellite DNA Markers, Zoological Research.
    [7] QIN Xin-min, *, ZENG Zhen-hua, LIANG Yan-ni.  Genetic Variation and Differentiation of Gekko gecko from Different Population, Zoological Research.
    [8] YIN Xu-wang, NIU Cui-juan*Polymorphism and Morphotype Transformations in the Rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus)(in English), Zoological Research.
    [9] WU Gui-sheng , PANG Jun-feng , ZHANG Ya-ping , *Molecular Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Suidae, Zoological Research.
    [10] LUO Shu-jin , *,  Jae-heup Kim, Warren E. Johnson, Dale G. Miquelle, HUANG Shi-qiang, PAN Wen-shi, James L. D. Smith, Stephen J. O'Brien , *<.  Proceedings in Phylogeography and Genetic Ancestry of Tigers (Panthera tigris) in China and Across Their Range, Zoological Research.
    [11] BAO Lei, NIU Cui-juan, MA Rui LI Qing-fen.  Sequences and Phylogeny of Partial Mitochondrial COⅠ Gene from Four Brachionus Species, Zoological Research.
    [12] ZHANG Ke, YE Zhen-qing, QIAO Chuan-ling, LIN Li-feng, CAI Song-wu.  Resistant Level,Frequency of Non-specific Esterases and Genetic Differentiation in Mosquitoes Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus in Three Cities of Guangdong, Zoological Research.
    [13] CHEN Yi-Feng, HE De-Kui, CHEN Yi-Yu.  Electrophoretic Analysis of Isozymes and Discussion about Species Differentiation in Three Species of Genus Gymnocypris, Zoological Research.
    [14] XIE Li, WEN Shuo-yang, XIE Yi-quan, PENG Tong-xu.  Studies on Mitochondrial DNA Comparisons of Drosophila lini Within Different Populations, Zoological Research.
    [15] WANG Jin-fu, Tang Jue.  The Spatial Pattern on Nest and The Population Dynamics of Polyrhachis vicina Roger (Hymenoptera:Formicidae), Zoological Research.
    [16] LAN Xing-ping.  Application of L'-V Model to Testing Insect Population Spatial Pattern, Zoological Research.
    [17] WANG Wen, LAN Hong, LIU Ai-hua, SHI Li-ming.  Variation of Mitochondrial DNA Among domestic Fowls and Red jungle Fowl, Zoological Research.
    [18] LI Zheng-yue, DENG Wei, GU Shan.  Preliminary Study on Aggregation and Dispersion Tendencies of Natural Population of Green Tobacco Aphid, Zoological Research.
    [19] YANG Feng-tang, SHI Li-ming.  The Spermatocyte Synaptonemal Complex Karyotypes of Four Species of Macaque, Zoological Research.
    [20] LONG Yong-chen, YANG Da-rong et al., SI na-ji-ding, LU Zi et al..  Studies on the Pattern of Spatial Distribution of the Ghost Moths' Larvae, Zoological Research.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2305
  • HTML全文浏览量:  49
  • PDF下载量:  1982
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2009-12-04
  • 修回日期:  2010-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2010-06-22

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回