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Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years

YU Hong-Xia TANG Wen-Qiao LI Si-Fa

YU Hong-Xia, TANG Wen-Qiao, LI Si-Fa. Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 651-656. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651
Citation: YU Hong-Xia, TANG Wen-Qiao, LI Si-Fa. Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 651-656. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651

50年来长江鲢、鳙形态特征的变迁(英文)

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06651
详细信息
    作者简介:

    于红霞(1982—), 女, 硕士研究生; 研究方向:鱼类学; E-mail:yuhongxia2002@163.com

    通讯作者:

    唐文乔

  • 中图分类号: Q959.468; Q954.1

Morphological changes of silver and bighead carp in the Yangtze River over the past 50 years

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (30630051); Aquaculture E-Institute of Shanghai Universities(03E009); Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project(S30701)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    YU Hong-Xia,E-mail:yuhongxia2002@163.com

    Corresponding author: TANG Wen-Qiao
  • 摘要: 采用多元分析方法, 对采自长江中游的上世纪中期(下称早期)和本世纪初(下称当前)的121尾1龄鲢、鳙的30项形态度量性状进行了分析。依据对判别贡献最大的5个参数所建立的判别公式, 对鲢、鳙早期和当前群体的平均判别准确率分别达94.2%和98.%, 显示鲢或鳙的当前与早期群体间在总体上存在着显著差异。单因素方差分析显示, 在早期和当前群体间, 鲢有12个特征差异极显著、8个差异显著, 鳙分别有8个特征差异极显著或显著。其中, 鲢和鳙的6个显著或极显著变大的特征参数集中在头部, 而14个鲢和10个鳙的显著或极显著变小的特征参数则主要集中在躯干部与尾部。研究表明, 最近50年来长江鲢、鳙的头及头部特征有相对变大的趋势, 而 躯干部与尾部的许多特征参数则有相对变小的趋势, 这些形态演变趋势符合人们喜食鱼头、追求高经济效益的期望。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-06-04
  • 修回日期:  2010-10-29
  • 刊出日期:  2010-12-22

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