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Positive influence of traditional culture and socioeconomic activity on conservation: A case study from the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Tibet

XIANG Zuo-Fu HUO Sheng XIAO Wen CUI Liang-Wei

XIANG Zuo-Fu, HUO Sheng, XIAO Wen, CUI Liang-Wei. Positive influence of traditional culture and socioeconomic activity on conservation: A case study from the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Tibet. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 645-650. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06645
Citation: XIANG Zuo-Fu, HUO Sheng, XIAO Wen, CUI Liang-Wei. Positive influence of traditional culture and socioeconomic activity on conservation: A case study from the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Tibet. Zoological Research, 2010, 31(6): 645-650. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06645

传统文化和社会经济活动对生物保护的正面影响:来自西藏黑白仰鼻猴的实例研究(英文)

doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2010. 06645
详细信息
    作者简介:

    向左甫

    通讯作者:

    向左甫

  • 中图分类号: Q959.848; Q958.12

Positive influence of traditional culture and socioeconomic activity on conservation: A case study from the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Tibet

Funds: This study was supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-1-03), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30870375, 31071937) and the Central South University of Forestry & Technology (101-0654)
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    Author Bio:

    XIANG Zuo-Fu

    Corresponding author: XIANG Zuo-Fu
  • 摘要: 黑白仰鼻猴(Rhinopithecus bieti)是仅存于滇西北和藏东南的横断山脉的濒危灵长类动物, 目前仅有野外15群约2 500只个体, 并且西藏红拉雪山自然保护区的小昌都群也许是自1988年调查以来唯一数量保持稳定的种群。通过调查访问、以及分析社会经济数据中隐含的保护信息, 该文通过实例研究探讨了传统文化和社会经济发展模式对红拉雪山自然保护区小昌都猴群的影响, 试图探讨传统文化和人类活动对该猴群种群保持稳定的正面影响:1) 研究结果表明传统的生产方式对黑白仰鼻猴的生境保护有益, 例如主要依靠畜牧业和非木材的林产品而不是毁林开荒种植青稞; 2) 受印度教和佛教影响的藏传佛教对生灵的敬畏, 避免当地村民对黑白仰鼻猴的猎杀; 3) 一妻多夫的大家庭, 其人均资源消耗(特别是薪柴, 建房木材等)明显比一夫一妻的小家庭少, 这种婚俗也许可以缓解人类索取相应自然资源时对黑白仰鼻猴的生境破坏。因此, 考虑到小昌都是唯一种群稳定的群, 我们认为是当地的社会生产方式、宗教文化以及婚俗习惯让小昌都群长期维持在该生境的最大容纳量。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-05-19
  • 修回日期:  2010-10-21
  • 刊出日期:  2010-12-22

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