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The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve

Jing-Jing LI Lian-Xian HAN Hong-Fen CAO Yuan TIAN Bo-Yong PENG Bin WANG Hui-Jian HU

Jing-Jing LI, Lian-Xian HAN, Hong-Fen CAO, Yuan TIAN, Bo-Yong PENG, Bin WANG, Hui-Jian HU. The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
Citation: Jing-Jing LI, Lian-Xian HAN, Hong-Fen CAO, Yuan TIAN, Bo-Yong PENG, Bin WANG, Hui-Jian HU. The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531

珠穆朗玛峰国家级自然保护区鸟类区系及其垂直分布特征

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
基金项目: 2008年林业国家级自然保护区能力建设项目(财农[2008]297号);2009年林业国家级自然保护区补助资金项目(财农[2009]344号)
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve

  • 摘要: 珠穆朗玛峰国家级自然保护区拥有世界第一峰珠穆朗玛峰,地跨古北界和东洋界。但一直以来由于缺乏详细调查而未能掌握其区系特点,影响了对珠峰生物资源的深入认识。2010年10月―2012年10月(126 d),采用样线法在保护区全境范围内对鸟类进行了7次系统实地调查,将原有记录从227种增加至390种。区系组成中,东洋界物种数多于古北界,分别为172和113种。南北坡区系差异明显,北坡以古北种为多,共55种,占北坡物种数的71.4%;南坡以东洋种为多,共168种,占南坡物种数的56.8%。在南坡,随海拔的升高,东洋种不断减少,而古北种先增加,在4 000 m后开始减少;两者在海拔3 100~4 000 m时数量相当。据此认为珠峰地区东洋界和古北界的分界线在南坡,且位于海拔3 100~4 000 m,而不同区系物种在垂直方向上的适应是有差异的。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-04-08
  • 修回日期:  2013-09-18
  • 刊出日期:  2013-12-08

The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve

doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
    基金项目:  2008年林业国家级自然保护区能力建设项目(财农[2008]297号);2009年林业国家级自然保护区补助资金项目(财农[2009]344号)
  • 中图分类号: Q958.1;Q959.7

摘要: 珠穆朗玛峰国家级自然保护区拥有世界第一峰珠穆朗玛峰,地跨古北界和东洋界。但一直以来由于缺乏详细调查而未能掌握其区系特点,影响了对珠峰生物资源的深入认识。2010年10月―2012年10月(126 d),采用样线法在保护区全境范围内对鸟类进行了7次系统实地调查,将原有记录从227种增加至390种。区系组成中,东洋界物种数多于古北界,分别为172和113种。南北坡区系差异明显,北坡以古北种为多,共55种,占北坡物种数的71.4%;南坡以东洋种为多,共168种,占南坡物种数的56.8%。在南坡,随海拔的升高,东洋种不断减少,而古北种先增加,在4 000 m后开始减少;两者在海拔3 100~4 000 m时数量相当。据此认为珠峰地区东洋界和古北界的分界线在南坡,且位于海拔3 100~4 000 m,而不同区系物种在垂直方向上的适应是有差异的。

English Abstract

李晶晶, 韩联宪, 曹宏芬, 田园, 彭波涌, 王斌, 胡慧建. 珠穆朗玛峰国家级自然保护区鸟类区系及其垂直分布特征[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
引用本文: 李晶晶, 韩联宪, 曹宏芬, 田园, 彭波涌, 王斌, 胡慧建. 珠穆朗玛峰国家级自然保护区鸟类区系及其垂直分布特征[J]. 动物学研究, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
Jing-Jing LI, Lian-Xian HAN, Hong-Fen CAO, Yuan TIAN, Bo-Yong PENG, Bin WANG, Hui-Jian HU. The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
Citation: Jing-Jing LI, Lian-Xian HAN, Hong-Fen CAO, Yuan TIAN, Bo-Yong PENG, Bin WANG, Hui-Jian HU. The fauna and vertical distribution of birds in Mount Qomolangma National Nature Reserve. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 531-548. doi: 10.11813/j.issn.0254-5853.2013.6.0531
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