该文在《云南鱼类志》等文献基础上,参照最新分类学和分子系统学成果,对云南鱼类名录进行整理,对各分类阶元、水系进行统计,并列出了云南鱼类分布及主要参考文献。至2013 年,云南省共记录鱼类13 目43 科199 属629 种,占中国淡水鱼类种数(1 583 种)的39.93%,居全国各省之首。其中,土著种594 种,外来种35 种,云南特有种255 种,在中国仅分布于云南的共6 科66 属152 种。云南六大水系按鱼类物种数排列依次为:珠江水系202 种,澜沧江水系183 种,金沙江水系151 种,红河水系120 种,伊洛瓦底江水系84 种及怒江—萨尔温江水系77 种。云南省境内分布有各类珍稀濒危鱼类 99 种,其中,保护鱼类23 种(包括国家I 级重点保护野生动物2 种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物4 种及云南省珍稀保护动物17 种),列入《中国濒危动物红皮书 鱼类》的共43 种,列入《中国物种红色名录 第一卷》的共73 种,列入IUCN 红色名录各类濒危等级的共50 种及列入CITES 附录Ⅱ的共2 种。
Based on extant literatures and taking into accounts updated results of taxonomy and phylogeny, we have updated this checklist of fishes present in Yunnan, including the number of taxa and drainage areas. As of 2013, there were 13 orders, 43 families, 199 genera and 629 valid species recorded in Yunnan Province, of which 594 were native species, 35 alien species, 255 species endemic to Yunnan, and 152 species only occuring in Yunnan within China. The number of species in Yunnan accounts for 39.93% of China’s total fish species (of which there are 1 583 recorded freshwater fish species according to data present in Fishbase), and of these 6 families and 66 genera only occur in Yunnan. The number of fish species of the six major drainages in Yunnan were as follows: 202 in Pearl River, 183 in Lancangjiang River (upper Mekong), 151 in Jinshajiang River (upper Yangtze), 120 in Red River, 84 in Irrawaddy Drainage, 77 in Nujiang-Salween Drainage. There are also 99 endangered species of fish occurring in Yunnan, among them 23 species protected by the national and/or the provincial government, including 2 species of national key protected animal class one, 4 species of national key protected animal class two, 17 species of Yunnan provincial protected animal. Totally, 43 species were listed in China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals, Pisces; 73 species were listed in China Species Red List Vol. 1; 50 species were listed in endangered categories of IUCN Red List; and 2 species were listed in the Appendix 2 of CITES. The Chinese name, Latin name, synomyns, distribution and literatures of the 620 species of fishes in Yunnan are listed.