Volume 25 Issue 5
Sep.  2004
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WANG Xiong-qing, RUAN Qi-ping, LUO Ying. Developmental Effects of Intraperitoneal Injection of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Rats During Pregnancy. Zoological Research, 2004, 25(5): 391-396.
Citation: WANG Xiong-qing, RUAN Qi-ping, LUO Ying. Developmental Effects of Intraperitoneal Injection of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Rats During Pregnancy. Zoological Research, 2004, 25(5): 391-396.

Developmental Effects of Intraperitoneal Injection of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Rats During Pregnancy

  • Received Date: 1900-01-01
  • Rev Recd Date: 1900-01-01
  • Publish Date: 2004-10-22
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widespread environmental contaminants that are possible health hazards for human beings through a variety of pathways.In the present study,50 time mated pregnant rats were divided into five groups and injected daily from gestational days 7 to 18 with either 2,2,4,4-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 47) or 3,3,4,4-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 77) or seseme oil (control) to evaluate the effects of these PCBs on prenatal and postnatal development.Offspring were examined for malformations of genitalia at birth and in adulthood.Body weight gains of these animals were checked every 7 days through postnatal day (PND) 119.There were no clinical signs of toxicity in the PCB-treated dams or their offspring throughout the experiment.Litter size and sex ratio of the litters were not affected.Both PCBs produced a significant increase in the females anogenital distance,suggesting a modification of androgen responsiveness in females resulting from PCB exposure during development.Similar effects were not seen with the males.The proportion of individuals with eyes open by PND 15 was significantly reduced by both PCBs.Exposure to 1 mg/kg body weight of PCB 77 significantly reduced body weight gains in male pups from PND 35 to 119.However,no significant differences were found in body weight gains of the pups exposed to PCB 47.
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