Zoological Research ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 175-184.doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.025

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A new species of the endemic Himalayan genus Liurana (Anura, Ceratobatrachidae) from southeastern Tibet, China, with comments on the distribution, reproductive biology, and conservation of the genus

Ke Jiang 1,#, Kai Wang 1,2,#, Yu-Fan Wang 3, Cheng Li 4, Jing Che 1,5,*   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan
    650223, China
    2. Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History and Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman OK 73072-7029, USA
    3. Zhejiang Forest Resource Monitoring Center, Hangzhou Zhejiang 310020, China
    4. Funsome Nature Center, Shenzhen Guangdong 518067, China
    5. Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yezin Nay Pyi Taw 05282, Myanmar
  • Received:2018-10-12 Accepted:2018-10-24 Online:2019-05-18 Published:2019-04-19
  • Contact: Jing CHE E-mail:chej@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    This project was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program (A) Grant XDB13020200 of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2014FY210200), China’s Biodiversity Observation Network (Sino-BON), Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, and Animal Branch of the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species of CAS (Large Research Infrastructure Funding)

Abstract: A new species of the genus Liurana Dubois, 1986 is described from Medog County, Tibet, China, based on morphological and molecular data. The new species can be differentiated from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) head wider than long; (2) tympanum distinct and large; (3) hindlimb long, tibiotarsal articulation beyond tip of snout when adpressed; (4) belly with flat tubercles, cloacal region with small tubercles; (5) transverse bands distinctly on dorsal limbs, four bands on thigh and three on tibia; and, (6) dark brown marbled patterns or speckles on white belly. Here, we also discuss the distribution pattern of Liurana in the East Himalaya region, the role of the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the speciation and genetic isolation of congeners, the direct developmental mode of reproduction, and the two different ecotypes of the genus. Lastly, we provide conservation recommendations for the genus in southeastern Tibet.

Key words: , Advertisement call, Biogeography, Ecology, Natural history, Tibet, Taxonomy

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