Zoological Research ›› 2017, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 449-458.doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.078

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Genome size of 14 species of fireflies (Insecta, Coleoptera, Lampyridae)

Gui-Chun Liu1,3, Zhi-Wei Dong1, Jin-Wu He1,2, Ruo-Ping Zhao1, Wen Wang1,3, Xue-Yan Li1*   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China;
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3 Center for Ecological and Environmental Sciences, Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience & Biotechnology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710072, China
  • Received:2017-06-30 Revised:2017-11-01 Online:2017-11-18 Published:2017-12-27
  • Contact: Xue-Yan Li,E-mail:lixy@mail.kiz.ac.cn E-mail:lixy@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31472035) and Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Department (No. 2014FB179) to LXY

Abstract: Eukaryotic genome size data are important both as the basis for comparative research into genome evolution and as estimators of the cost and difficulty of genome sequencing programs for non-model organisms. In this study, the genome size of 14 species of fireflies (Lampyridae) (two genera in Lampyrinae, three genera in Luciolinae, and one genus in subfamily incertae sedis) were estimated by propidium iodide (PI)-based flow cytometry. The haploid genome sizes of Lampyridae ranged from 0. 42 to 1. 31 pg, a 3. 1-fold span. Genome sizes of the fireflies varied within the tested subfamilies and genera. Lamprigera and Pyrocoelia species had large and small genome sizes, respectively. No correlation was found between genome size and morphological traits such as body length, body width, eye width, and antennal length. Our data provide additional information on genome size estimation of the firefly family Lampyridae. Furthermore, this study will help clarify the cost and difficulty of genome sequencing programs for non-model organisms and will help promote studies on firefly genome evolution.

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