ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH 2011, 32(4) 363-370 DOI:   10.3724/SP.J.1141.2011.04363   ISSN: 0254-5853 CN: 53-1040/Q

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Keywords
Qiantang River
Macrobrachium nipponense
Microsatellite
Genetic diversity
Genetic structure
Authors
PubMed

Microsatellite analysis of genetic variation of the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense in Qiantang River

MA Ke-Yi1, FENG Jian-Bin1, XIE Nan2, FENG Xiao-Yu2, LI Jia-Le1,*

1.Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201306, China; 2. Fishery Research Institute, Hangzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310024, China

Abstract

Genetic diversity and genetic structure of 7 wild stocks of oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense in Qiantang River, i.e. Wen-yan, Fu-yang, Chang-kou, Tong-lu, Xin-an-jiang, She-xian and Xiu-ning, were investigated using 10 microsatellite DNA markers. The result showed that all the 10 loci were highly polymorphic. There was a trend that the level of genetic diversity of wild stocks in downstream and midstream were higher than the upstream ones’. Sign test and Wilcoxon sign rank test results showed that the stocks in Qiantang River had no bottleneck effect, and the number of stocks had not declined recently. FST among stocks ranged from 0.0201 to 0.1069. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed that a higher portion (93.48%) of variations existed within individuals, while lower portion (6.52%) existed among stocks. FST and AMOVA analysis across all stocks and loci indicated the medium level of divergence among the stocks. The NJ clustering tree based on DA genetic distance demonstrated that the stocks of adjacent geographical position clustered together. 413 individuals obtained from six wild stocks could be divided into two potential populations based on the genetic structure. This study demonstrated that genetic diversity and genetic structure of M. nipponense stocks were relevant to geographical position where they survived.

Keywords Qiantang River   Macrobrachium nipponense   Microsatellite   Genetic diversity   Genetic structure  
Received 2010-11-08 Revised 2011-05-02 Online: 2011-08-22 
DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1141.2011.04363
Fund:
Corresponding Authors: LI Jia-Le
Email: E-mail: jlli2009@126.com
About author: MA Ke-Yi,E-mail: mky850125@163.com

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1.MA Ke-Yi, FENG Jian-Bin, XIE Nan, FENG Xiao-Yu, LI Jia-Le,*.Microsatellite analysis of genetic variation of the oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense in Qiantang River[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2011,3(4): 363-370

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