Zoological Research ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 151-174.doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.043

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A new species of Crocodile Newt, genus Tylototriton (Amphibia, Caudata, Salamandridae) from the mountains of Kachin State, northern Myanmar

Than Zaw1,Paw Lay2,Parinya Pawangkhanant3,JVladislav A. Gorin4,Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.4,5()   

  1. 1.Zoology Department, Mohnyin Degree College, Mohnyin, Kachin State, Myanmar
    2. Flora and Fauna International, Lon Ton Village, Indawgyi, Kachin State, Myanmar
    3. IBansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University, Hiran Ruchi, Thon Buri, Bangkok 10600, Thailand
    4. Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Biological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119234, Russia
    5. Joint Russian-Vietnamese Tropical Research and Technological Center, Nghia Do, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Received:2018-10-30 Accepted:2019-02-21 Online:2019-05-18 Published:2019-04-19
  • Contact: Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr. E-mail:n.poyarkov@gmail.com
  • Supported by:
    The study was partially supported by the Russian Science Foundation(19-14-00050)

Abstract:

We describe a new species of the genus Tylototriton from Ingyin Taung Mt., Mohnyin Township, Kachin State, Myanmar, based on morphological and molecular evidence. The new species is assigned to the subgenus Tylototriton s. str. and is clearly distinct from all known congeners by the following characters: medium body size; thin, long tail, lacking lateral grooves; rough skin; truncate snout; wide, protruding supratemporal bony ridges on head, beginning at anterior corner of orbit; weak, almost indistinct sagittal ridge; long, thin limbs, broadly overlapping when adpressed along body; distinct, wide, non-segmented vertebral ridge; 13 or 14 rib nodules; brown to dark-brown background coloration with dull orange-brown to yellowish-brown markings on labial regions, parotoids, rib nodules, whole limbs, vent, and ventral tail ridge. We also briefly discuss biogeography and species diversity of the genus Tylototriton in Myanmar.

Key words: Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov., mtDNA genealogy, ND2, 16S rRNA, Shan, Biogeography, Endemism, Taxonomy

Figure 1

Distribution of Tylototriton and sampling localities examined in this study"

"

Sample No. Species name Voucher number Locality 16S rRNA ND2
Ingroup:
1 Tylototriton taliangensis CIB GG200110183 Shimian Co., Ya'an City, Sichuan, China KY800559 KC147819
2 Tylototriton taliangensis CIB GG200110185 Shimian Co., Ya'an City, Sichuan, China KY800560 KY800829
3 Tylototriton taliangensis CIB GG200110186 Shimian Co. Ya'an City, Sichuan, China KY800561 KY800830
4 Tylototriton pseudoverrucosus CIB WCG2012003 Ningnan Co., Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China KY800597 KY800861
5 Tylototriton pseudoverrucosus CIB WCG2012007 Ningnan Co., Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China KY800598 KY800862
6 Tylototriton pseudoverrucosus CIB WCG2012012 Ningnan Co., Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China KY800599 KY800860
7 Tylototriton kweichowensis CIB WG20080818014 Bijie City, Guizhou, China KY800551 KY800823
8 Tylototriton kweichowensis CIB WG20080818018 Bijie City, Guizhou, China KY800552 KY800824
9 Tylototriton kweichowensis CIB 20050213 Shuicheng Co., Guizhou, China KY800557 KY800827
10 Tylototriton kweichowensis CIB 20050215 Shuicheng Co., Guizhou, China KY800558 KY800828
11 Tylototriton shanorum lineage 1 CAS 230933 Taunggyi Township, Shan, Myanmar AB922822
12 Tylototriton shanorum lineage 1 CAS 230940 Taunggyi Township, Shan, Myanmar AB922823
13 Tylototriton shanorum lineage 1 CAS 230899 Taunggyi Township, Shan, Myanmar HM770087
14 Tylototriton shanorum lineage 2 KUHE 42348 pet trade, presumably from Myanmar AB769544
15 Tylototriton ngarsuensis LSUHC 13762 Ngar Su, Shan, Myanmar MH836585
16 Tylototriton ngarsuensis LSUHC 13763 Ngar Su, Shan, Myanmar MH836584
17 Tylototriton sp. 1 CAS 245418 Chipwi Township, Kachin State, Myanmar KT304279
18 Tylototriton sp. 1 CAS 245290 Lahe Township, Sagaing Region, Myanmar KT304278
19 Tylototriton himalayanus CIB 201406246 Mai Pokhari, Illam, Mechi, Nepal KY800590 KT765173
20 Tylototriton himalayanus CIB 201406284 Mai Pokhari, Illam, Mechi, Nepal KY800591 KT765207
21 Tylototriton himalayanus CIB 201406285 Mai Pokhari, Illam, Mechi, Nepal KY800592 KT765208
22 Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. ZMMU A5953 Ingyin Taung Mt., Indawgyi, Kachin, Myanmar MK095618 MK097273
23 Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. ZDUM-0103 Ingyin Taung Mt., Indawgyi, Kachin, Myanmar MK095619 MK097274
24 Tylototriton yangi KUHE 42282 Pingbian Co., Yunnan, China KY800624 KY800887
25 Tylototriton uyenoi ZMMU NAP-08220 Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai, Thailand MK095617 MK097272
26 Tylototriton uyenoi KUHE 19037 Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai, Thailand AB830730
27 Tylototriton uyenoi KUHE 19147 Doi Ang Khang, Chiang Mai, Thailand AB830729
28 Tylototriton uyenoi ITNT1 Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand AB830733
29 Tylototriton anguliceps TBU PAE671 Thuan Chau, Son La, Vietnam LC017833
30 Tylototriton anguliceps VNMN A20143 Muong Nhe, Dien Bien, Vietnam LC017832
31 Tylototriton anguliceps LK003 Doi Lahnga, Chiang Mai, Thailand AB830728
32 Tylototriton podichthys KUHE 34399 Phu Pan, Xam Neua, Laos AB830727
33 Tylototriton podichthys IEBR A2014-1 Xam Neua, Huaphanh, Laos LC017835
34 Tylototriton pulcherrimus CIB TY 040 Lüchun Co., Yunnan, China KY800626 KY800890
35 Tylototriton pulcherrimus KUHE 46406 Pet Trade KY800620 KY800880
36 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB TSHS1 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800581 KY800847
37 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB-TSHS2 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800582 KY800848
38 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB TSHS3 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800583 KY800849
39 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB TSHS4 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800584 KY800850
40 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB TSHS5 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800585 KY800851
41 Tylototriton verrucosus CIB TSHS6 Longchuan Co., Dehong, Yunnan, China KY800586 KY800852
42 Tylototriton shanjing KIZ 201306081 Yongde Co., Yunnan, China KY800593 KY800856
43 Tylototriton shanjing KIZ 201306098 Yun Co., Yunnan, China KY800594 KY800857
44 Tylototriton shanjing KIZ 201306102 Jingdong Co., Yunnan, China KY800595 KY800858
45 Tylototriton shanjing KIZ 201306108 Nanjian Co., Yunnan, China KY800596 KY800859
46 Tylototriton shanjing CIB 980004 Baoshan City, Yunnan, China KY800562 KY800831
47 Tylototriton shanjing CIB 980005 Baoshan City, Yunnan, China KY800563 KY800832
48 Tylototriton shanjing CIB 980006 Baoshan City, Yunnan, China KY800564 KY800833
49 Tylototriton panhai ZMMU NAP-08217 Phu Hin Rong Kla NP, Phitsanulok, Thailand MK095616 MK097271
50 Tylototriton panhai PH019 Phu Hin Rong Kla NP, Phitsanulok, Thailand AB830735
51 Tylototriton panhai PL009 Phu Luang WS, Loei, Thailand AB830736
52 Tylototriton vietnamensis IEBR A.3674 Yen Tu, Bac Giang, Vietnam KY800614 KY800874
53 Tylototriton vietnamensis IEBR A.0702 Mauson, Lang Son, Vietnam KY800612 KY800872
54 Tylototriton vietnamensis IEBR A.0701 Mauson, Lang Son, Vietnam KY800613 KY800873
55 Tylototriton ziegleri VNMN 3389 Bao Lac, Cao Bang, Vietnam KY800888
56 Tylototriton ziegleri VNMN 3390 Quan Ba, Ha Giang, Vietnam KY800625 KY800889
57 Tylototriton ziegleri VNUH HG.082 Quan Ba, Ha Giang, Vietnam KY800610 KY800870
58 Tylototriton ziegleri VNUH HG.081 Quan Ba, Ha Giang, Vietnam KY800611 KY800871
59 Tylototriton hainanensis CIB 20081048 Mt. Diaoluo, Hainan, China KY800553 KC147817
60 Tylototriton hainanensis CIB 20081049 Mt. Diaoluo, Hainan, China KY800554 KC147818
61 Tylototriton hainanensis CIB 20081051 Mt. Diaoluo, Hainan, China KY800555 KY800825
62 Tylototriton hainanensis CIB 20081052 Mt. Diaoluo, Hainan, China KY800556 KY800826
63 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 2 CIB XZ20091201 Xinyi City, Guangdong, China KY800616 KY800876
64 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 2 CIB XZ20091204 Xinyi City, Guangdong, China KY800619 KY800879
65 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 2 CIB XZ20091 Xinyi City, Guangdong, China KY800618 KY800878
66 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 2 CIB XZ20092 Xinyi City, Guangdong, China KY800617 KY800877
67 Tylototriton notialis FMNH HERP271120 Boualapha Dist., Khammouan, Laos HM462061
68 Tylototriton notialis FMNH HERP271121 Boualapha Dist., Khammouan, Laos HM462062
69 Tylototriton notialis VNMN TAO1229 Pu Hoat, Nghe An, Vietnam KY800883
70 Tylototriton notialis VNMN TAO1235 Pu Hoat, Nghe An, Vietnam KY800884
71 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 VNMN TAO1213 Thuong Tien, Hoa Binh, Vietnam KY800623 KY800885
72 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 VNMN TAO1214 Thuong Tien, Hoa Binh, Vietnam KY800886
73 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB 70063 Longsheng Co., Guangxi, China KY800549 KC147816
74 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB GX20080714 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800546 KY800819
75 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB GX200807010 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800547 KY800820
76 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB GX200807012 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800548 KY800821
77 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB GX200807016 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800550 KY800822
78 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB 20070715 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800565 KY800834
79 Tylototriton asperrimus lineage 1 CIB 200807055 Jinxiu Co., Guangxi, China KY800566 KC147815
80 Tylototriton liuyangensis CSUFT 20100108 Liuyang City, Hunan, China KY800606 KJ205598
81 Tylototriton liuyangensis CIB 110601F06 Liuyang City, Hunan, China KY800615 KY800875
82 Tylototriton lizhenchangi KUHE 42316 Yizhang Co., Hunan, China KY800621 KY800881
83 Tylototriton lizhenchangi KUHE 42317 Yizhang Co., Hunan, China KY800622 KY800882
84 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 2 CIB 08042905-2 Yuexi Co. Anhui, China KY800587 KY800853
85 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 2 CIB 08042905-3 Yuexi Co. Anhui, China KY800588 KY800854
86 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 2 CIB 08042905-4 Yuexi Co. Anhui, China KY800589 KY800855
87 Tylototriton broadoridgus CIB 200085 Sangzhi Co., Hunan, China KY800569 KC147814
88 Tylototriton broadoridgus CIB 200084 Sangzhi Co., Hunan, China KY800570 KY800837
89 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 1 HNNU 1004-015 Shangcheng Co., Anhui, China KY800607 KC147811
90 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 1 HNNU 1004-024 Shangcheng Co., Anhui, China KY800608 KC147812
91 Tylototriton dabienicus lineage 1 HNNU 1004-026 Shangcheng Co., Anhui, China KY800609 KY800869
92 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 3 CIB WH10001 Wufeng Co., Hubei, China KY800600 KY800863
93 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 3 CIB WH10002 Wufeng Co., Hubei, China KY800601 KY800864
94 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 3 CIB WH10003 Wufeng Co., Hubei, China KY800602 KY800865
95 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 3 CIB WH10007 Wufeng Co., Hubei, China KY800603 KY800866
96 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 2 CIB Wg20090730001 Libo Co., Guizhou, China KY800575 KY800842
97 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 2 CIB Wg20090730002 Libo Co., Guizhou, China KY800576 KY800843
98 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 2 CIB Wg20090730003 Libo Co., Guizhou, China KY800577 KY800844
99 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 2 CIB Wg20090730005 Libo Co., Guizhou, China KY800578 KY800845
100 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 2 CIB Wg20090730004 Libo Co., Guizhou, China KY800580 KY800846
101 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WG200600019 Suiyang Co., Zunyi, Guizhou, China KY800544 KY800817
102 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WG20060007 Suiyang Co., Zunyi, Guizhou, China KY800545 KY800818
103 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WG20090601002 Suiyang Co., Zunyi, Guizhou, China KY800573 KY800840
104 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WG20090601001 Suiyang Co., Zunyi, Guizhou, China KY800574 KY800841
105 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20090527 Wenxian Co., Gansu, China KY800579 KC147813
106 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 2010123101 Pingwu Co., Gansu, China KY800604 KY800867
107 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 2010123102 Pingwu Co., Gansu, China KY800605 KY800868
108 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20070639 Qingchuan Co., Sichuan, China KY800542 KY800815
109 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20070638 Qingchuan Co., Sichuan, China KY800543 KY800816
110 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20080002 Yunyang Co., Chongqing, China KY800540 KY800813
111 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20080003 Yunyang Co., Chongqing, China KY800541 KY800814
112 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20081201 Yunyang Co., Chongqing, China KY800567 KY800835
113 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB 20081202 Yunyang Co., Chongqing, China KY800568 KY800836
114 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WA20090601 Wangcang Co., Sichuan, China KY800571 KY800838
115 Tylototriton wenxianensis lineage 1 CIB WA20090602 Wangcang Co., Sichuan, China KY800572 KY800839
Outgroup:
116 Echinotriton chinhaiensis CIB ZHJY1 Zhenhai Co., Zhejiang, China KY800627 KY800891
117 Echinotriton chinhaiensis CIB ZHJY2 Zhenhai Co., Zhejiang, China KY800628 KY800892
118 Echinotriton andersoni MVZ 232187 Tokunoshima, Kagoshima, Japan EU880314 EU880314
119 Pleurodeles waltl MVZ 231894 Cadiz, Andalusia, Spain EU880330 EU880330

Figure 2

Bayesian inference consensus tree of genus Tylototriton derived from analysis of 1 157 bp ND2 and 508 bp 16S rRNA gene fragments"

"

Species 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
1 T. kweichowensis 0.0 3.3 2.0 4.4 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.5 4.0 2.4 2.8 3.8 0.0 3.4 3.8 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.8 4.7 3.7 3.4 3.4
2 T. shanorum 1 5.9
3 T. shanorum 2 5.6 0.6
4 T. himalayanus 5.2 5.1 4.9 2.3 4.8 3.7 3.7 3.5 2.4 3.8 4.3 4.5 4.1 3.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5 3.9 4.5 4.2
5 T. yangi 6.1 6.6 6.4 6.5 2.6 1.6 2.0 1.8 3.2 3.5 2.4 2.8 3.8 2.0 2.8 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.8 3.3 2.3 2.8 2.5
6 T. uyenoi 8.1 9.2 9.1 8.5 7.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 5.2 6.2 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.1 4.6 5.6 5.0 5.3 4.8
7 T. anguliceps 6.3 7.0 6.8 7.0 4.5 7.6
8 T. podichthys 5.8 7.2 6.9 6.7 5.0 8.7 5.4
9 T. pulcherrimus 5.3 6.4 6.1 6.3 3.8 6.8 4.2 3.3 1.6 1.0 3.9 4.8 2.2 2.6 4.2 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.8 3.3
10 T. verrucosus 5.6 6.2 6.0 6.4 3.9 7.2 4.6 3.6 2.1 0.7 3.9 5.3 2.0 2.6 4.4 2.4 3.6 3.8 4.2 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.8 4.7 3.7 4.0 3.6
11 T. shanjing 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.2 4.5 7.2 4.8 4.0 2.6 1.1 3.7 5.2 2.3 2.5 4.3 2.7 3.5 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.5 3.6 3.9 3.5
12 T. kachinorum sp. nov. 6.5 7.6 7.1 5.3 8.2 11.6 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.9 5.2 4.1 4.3 4.7 2.5 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.9 5.0 5.2 4.9
13 T. panhai 10.7 12.2 12.1 11.9 12.7 14.3 13.3 12.4 11.8 12.7 13.0 13.3 5.1 4.8 4.4 4.0 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.7 3.6 4.0 3.8
14 T. taliangensis 6.3 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.9 9.7 8.8 7.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 10.5 1.2 4.2 2.4 3.2 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.2 4.0 3.6 4.5 3.5 3.6 3.2
15 T. pseudoverrucosus 5.7 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.4 9.7 8.6 7.4 6.6 7.4 7.7 7.1 10.3 2.7 4.0 2.8 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.4 4.0 4.9 3.9 3.2 3.6
16 T. vietnamensis 11.8 12.5 12.2 12.7 12.2 15.0 13.4 12.6 12.0 12.1 12.5 13.1 11.0 11.2 11.7 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.8 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.0
17 T. ziegleri 9.4 11.1 11.1 11.2 10.2 13.4 11.2 10.9 10.6 11.3 11.4 11.8 10.3 9.7 9.3 11.3 3.4 3.8 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.8 4.7 3.7 3.4 3.4
18 T. hainanensis 8.5 9.9 9.8 9.9 9.6 12.6 10.3 9.9 9.5 10.2 10.3 11.9 9.6 8.6 8.4 10.8 4.4 0.8 1.4 3.1 2.8 3.4 3.0 3.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
19 T. asperrimus 2 9.3 10.2 10.0 10.0 9.3 13.2 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.5 10.7 13.0 11.4 9.3 9.1 11.6 5.6 3.6 1.4 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.0 3.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
20 T. notialis 9.7 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.3 12.7 10.9 10.7 10.2 10.9 11.0 12.4 10.5 9.2 8.9 11.6 4.9 4.7 5.9
21 T. asperrimus 1 10.0 11.2 11.2 11.4 10.2 13.4 11.4 10.8 10.9 11.4 11.5 13.1 11.4 9.4 9.5 10.9 4.5 4.9 5.7 4.8 3.9 3.0 3.9 3.4 4.3 3.4 3.7 3.4
22 T. liuyangensis 9.4 10.3 10.3 10.1 9.5 12.7 10.4 10.5 9.9 10.3 10.7 12.3 9.5 9.1 9.0 10.9 8.5 7.8 8.5 8.6 8.6 2.4 1.9 1.5 2.4 2.0 1.3 1.7
23 T. lizhenchangi 10.7 11.9 11.8 11.5 11.1 13.2 12.6 11.9 10.9 11.5 11.7 14.6 9.8 9.5 9.8 11.7 10.0 8.7 9.6 9.7 10.4 7.1 2.0 1.6 2.5 2.0 1.8 1.6
24 T. dabienicus 2 9.7 10.8 10.8 10.9 10.1 12.7 11.1 9.9 9.9 10.6 10.5 10.9 9.7 9.0 9.4 10.8 8.3 7.9 8.8 8.2 8.1 7.3 8.3 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.3
25 T. broadoridgus 9.1 10.3 10.2 10.5 9.9 12.3 11.0 9.9 9.7 10.1 10.2 11.2 9.5 9.1 9.0 10.7 8.0 7.5 8.8 7.9 8.0 7.0 8.1 3.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1
26 T. dabienicus 1 10.2 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.0 13.0 12.2 10.9 10.5 10.9 11.1 11.6 9.7 9.2 9.6 10.9 9.1 8.9 9.6 8.9 9.0 7.4 8.8 3.9 3.4 1.0 1.7 1.9
27 T. wenxianensis 3 9.1 10.2 10.2 10.3 9.9 12.0 11.2 10.0 9.6 10.3 10.4 10.8 9.2 8.8 8.9 10.7 7.8 7.5 8.5 7.8 8.2 7.0 7.8 3.2 2.2 2.5 1.2 1.3
28 T. wenxianensis 2 9.5 10.3 10.4 10.7 9.7 12.5 11.0 10.1 9.7 10.0 10.2 11.7 10.3 9.0 9.2 11.0 8.6 8.2 9.0 8.2 8.5 7.2 8.0 3.3 2.8 3.6 2.9 1.1
29 T. wenxianensis 1 9.9 11.0 11.1 10.9 10.0 12.7 11.4 10.0 9.6 10.1 10.3 11.9 10.5 9.1 9.4 10.7 9.3 8.9 9.5 8.9 9.0 7.3 8.3 4.4 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.0
30 T. ngarsuensis 6.6 1.8 1.5 6.2 6.9 9.3 7.5 7.6 6.8 6.7 7.0 8.0 12.5 9.1 8.6 13.1 11.9 10.6 10.5 11.8 11.9 11.3 12.6 11.7 11.3 12.5 11.5 11.6 11.9
31 Tylototriton sp. 1 5.7 6.7 6.4 6.7 4.2 7.7 4.7 3.5 2.8 2.5 3.2 6.6 12.5 7.5 7.3 12.1 10.8 10.1 10.1 10.8 10.9 10.2 11.4 10.2 10.0 10.5 10.2 10.0 10.1 6.8

Figure 3

Holotype of Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. (ZMMU A5953, male) in life"

Figure 4

Holotype of Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. (ZMMU A5953, male) in situ (Photo by Nikolay A. Poyarkov and Than Zaw)"

Figure 5

Variation of dorsal coloration in paratypes of Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov."

"

Specimen ZMMU A5953 ZMMU A5954 ZDUM-0101 ZDUM-0102 ZDUM-0103 ZDUM-0104 ZDUM-0105* ZISP 13721* M ZMMU A5955 ZMMU A5956 F
Type status Holotype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype Paratype
Sex M M M M M M M M Mean±SD (Min–Max) F F Mean±SD
SVL 67.2 74.1 74.0 68.3 66.9 69.3 62.3 66.3 68.6±2.9 (62.3–74.1) 72.5 84.8 78.7±6.2
HL 18.1 20.7 20.7 18.6 19.6 19.7 16.9 17.3 18.9±1.2 (16.9–20.7) 18.1 20.3 19.2±1.1
HW 16.2 19.2 18.5 17.0 16.7 17.7 15.8 16.4 17.2±1.0 (15.8–19.2) 18.4 21.4 19.9±1.5
MXHW 16.6 19.6 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.4 16.6 16.7 17.7±0.9 (16.6–19.6) 19.4 23.0 21.2±1.8
IND 5.4 6.4 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.6 4.2 4.8 5.3±0.4 (4.2–6.4) 5.8 6.8 6.3.±0.5
AGD 34.1 36.6 36.6 34.0 33.1 33.9 30.8 33.2 34.0±1.3 (30.8–36.6) 40.5 48.2 44.4±3.9
TRL 50.4 56.2 55.1 51.3 50.4 52.9 47.1 49.4 51.6±2.3 (47.1–56.2) 58.4 69.0 63.7±5.3
TAL 77.3 89.6 96.3 79.2 79.2 85.2 57.0 67.8 78.9±8.7 (57.0–96.3) 82.7 85.2 84.0±1.3
VL 6.3 7.4 9.7 6.8 6.2 7.4 5.7 6.5 7.0±0.9 (5.7–9.7) 4.9 4.8 4.9±0.1
FLL 26.2 29.3 29.1 26.5 26.1 28.2 24.1 26.4 27.0±1.4 (24.1–29.3) 26.1 29.9 28.0±1.9
HLL 28.0 31.0 31.6 28.0 27.3 29.7 26.6 27.5 28.7±1.5 (26.6–31.6) 29.0 32.2 30.6±1.6
VTW 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.1 6.3 5.6 5.9 6.2±0.3 (5.6–6.7) 6.4 7.4 6.9±0.5
VTL 7.7 9.1 9.4 8.8 8.9 9.2 8.4 8.8 8.8±0.4 (7.7–9.4) 8.4 9.7 9.1±0.6
LJL 13.5 16.0 14.1 13.9 13.7 14.4 12.3 13.4 13.9±0.7 (12.3–16.0) 14.5 16.9 15.7±1.2
SL 6.8 7.6 8.1 7.3 7.0 7.5 6.2 6.5 7.1±0.5 (6.2–8.1) 7.3 8.7 8.0±0.7
IOD 7.2 8.4 8.1 7.3 8.0 7.9 7.2 7.3 7.7±0.4 (7.2–8.4) 7.7 8.7 8.2±0.5
UEW 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.4±0.1 (2.2–2.6) 2.3 2.8 2.6±0.2
UEL 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.1 4.4 4.5±0.2 (4.1–5.0) 4.3 5.3 4.8±0.5
OL 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.3±0.1 (3.1–3.6) 3.6 4.2 3.9±0.3
BTAW 9.0 9.7 9.5 10.0 9.7 9.6 8.8 9.6 9.5±0.3 (8.8–10.0) 8.5 9.8 9.2±0.7
MTAW 3.2 3.3 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.5±0.2 (3.2–3.9) 3.8 4.2 4.0±0.2
MXTAH 10.8 11.8 10.8 10.7 10.1 10.2 9.0 10.9 10.5±0.6 (9.0–11.8) 11.6 11.9 11.7±0.2
MTAH 7.0 9.0 7.3 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.7 8.4 7.8±0.5 (7.0–9.0) 9.3 9.7 9.5±0.2
ON 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.7±0.2 (4.2–5.1) 5.0 5.2 5.1±0.1

"

Species Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. T. shanorum T. ngarsuensis
M F M F M F
Character 8 2 1 2 2 1
SVL 68.6±2.9 72.5–84.8 76.0 76.5–87.9 74.9–76.4 102.3
RHL 27.6 23.9–24.9 22.4 24.3–25.7 24.0–26.0 21.5
RHW 25.1 25.3–25.4 25.4 24.8–26.3 24.5–28.2 26.6
RIND 7.7 8.0 6.7 6.0–6.3 8.0–8.8 7.7
RAGD 49.6 55.9–56.8 49.6 49.4–51.9 48.2–49.9 51.2
RTRL 75.3 80.5–81.4 77.6 74.3–75.7 74.2–75.5 77.5
RTAL 120.5 100.5–114.0 111.2 97.0–97.8 98.0–103.5 104.6
RVL 10.2 5.6–6.8 9.3 3.4–3.5 10.7–12.3 8.0
RFLL 39.3 35.3–36.0 34.7 31.7–32.5 39.7–39.9 35.5
RHLL 41.9 37.9–39.9 37.2 35.6–37.0 41.9–47.1 38.7
RMXHW 25.8 26.8–27.1 25.9 25.7–27.1
RVTW 9.0 8.7–8.8 6.1 6.1–7.5
RVTL 12.8 11.4–11.6 10.7 11.4–12.0
Snout Truncate Blunt to truncate Rounded to blunt
Supratemporal ridge Wide, protruding, begins at anterior corner of orbit Wide, protruding, begins in loreal region Wide, not protruding, begins posterior to orbit
Sagittal ridge Very weak, indistinct Very weak Very weak, in males
Surface of head ridges Rough Rough Very rough
Adpressed limbs Overlapping Overlapping Overlapping
Vertebral ridge Wide, non-segmented Narrow, weakly segmented Wide, weakly segmented
Rib nodules Weakly distinct, 13–14 Distinct, 14 Distinct, 15
Ground color Brown to dark brown Dark brown to black Nearly black
Color of light markings Orange-brown to yellowish-brown Yellow to reddish brown Dark yellow
Location of light markings Parotoids, rib nodules, palms, soles, vent, ventral tail ridge Head, vertebral ridge, rib nodules, vent, whole limbs and tail Labial regions, palms and soles, vent, ventral tail ridge
Lateral grooves on tail Absent Absent Absent
Species T. himalayanus T. verrucosus T. shanjing
M F M M F M
Character 32 13 3 32 13 3
SVL 71.92±6.1 76.06±7.5 70.7±4.7 71.92±6.1 76.06±7.5 70.7±4.7
RHL 24.5 25.9 24.3 24.5 25.9 24.3
RHW 23.0 23.6 23.7 23.0 23.6 23.7
RIND 8.4 8.2 7.0 8.4 8.2 7.0
RAGD 53.6 51.6 50.7 53.6 51.6 50.7
RTRL 79.9 77.1 75.7 79.9 77.1 75.7
RTAL 98.0 100.6 104.9 98.0 100.6 104.9
RVL 11.8 12.5 7.0 11.8 12.5 7.0
RFLL 36.2 36.1 34.3 36.2 36.1 34.3
RHLL 37.5 38.1 37.3 37.5 38.1 37.3
RMXHW 25.3 25.3
RVTW 7.7 7.7
RVTL 9.8 9.8
Snout Blunt Truncate Rounded
Supratemporal ridge Very wide, protruding Narrow, steep Narrow, steep
Sagittal ridge Weak, glandular Weak Short, weak
Surface of head ridges Very rough Smooth Smooth
Adpressed limbs Overlapping Overlapping Overlapping
Vertebral ridge Non-segmented Well segmented Well segmented
Rib nodules Large, prominent, 16 Weakly distinct, 14–15 Distinct, 14
Ground color Brown to dark brown Blackish Blackish
Color of light markings Light brown Orange Bright to dark orange
Location of light markings Ventral surface of limbs, vent, ventral tail ridge Palms, soles, vent and ventral ridge of tail Head, vertebral ridge, rib nodules, vent, whole limbs and tail
Lateral grooves on tail Very distinct Absent Weak
Species T. uyenoi T. anguliceps T. podichthys
M F M F M F
Character 9 2 2 5 2 2
SVL 68.1±3.8 69.3–78.3 61.1–62.5 70.6±3.4 56.5–60.2 73.4–78.3
RHL 24.7 25.8–26.9 26.2–29.5 23.4 32.6–34.3 28.1–29.3
RHW 25.0 23.1–24.0 22.7–23.4 22.7 26.4–28.0 24.8–25.9
RIND 7.0 7.0–7.1 6.6–7.4 6.5 8.3–8.7 7.5–7.9
RAGD 48.8 47.9–50.7 47.2–47.8 52.8 48.0–50.7 52.1–53.5
RTRL 75.3 73.1–74.2 70.5–73.8 76.6 65.7–67.4 70.7–71.9
RTAL 115.0 88.0–97.0 97.1–102.3 91.2 80.2–104.8 79.2–81.4
RVL 7.4 1.7–1.9 7.2–7.2 2.5 14.2–14.8 6.3–7.7
RFLL 34.3 30.6–32.7 32.7–34.9 30.2 39.4–40.5 34.0–36.2
RHLL 37.5 37.4–37.4 36.8–37.3 33.3 38.2–40.2 35.8–36.1
RMXHW 25.9 23.6–25.0 23.7–24.1 23.3
RVTW 7.6 6.6–7.0 6.4–7.8 6.9
RVTL 10.3 8.8–10.2 9.9–10.8 9.2
Species T. uyenoi T. anguliceps T. podichthys
Snout Rounded Truncate Rounded
Supratemporal ridge Narrow, steep Narrow, very steep Very wide, protruding
Sagittal ridge Short, weak Long, protruding Weak, glandular
Surface of head ridges Smooth Rough Very rough
Adpressed limbs Overlapping Overlapping Touching
Vertebral ridge Weakly segmented Weakly segmented Non-segmented
Rib nodules Prominent, 14–15 Prominent, 15 Large, prominent, 15–16
Ground color Dark brown to black Blackish Blackish
Color of light markings Dark-orange to red Bright-orange Orange to dark-red
Location of light markings Head, vertebral ridge, rib nodules, vent, whole limbs and tail Head, vertebral ridge, rib nodules, vent, whole limbs and tail Head, vertebral ridge, rib nodules, vent, dorsal surface limbs, ventral tail ridge
Lateral grooves on tail Absent Absent Absent

Figure 6

Lateral (A), dorsal (B), and ventral (C) views of larval specimen (ZMMU A5957; Grosse (2013) stage 40) of Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. in life"

Figure 7

Breeding habitats of Tylototriton kachinorum sp. nov. at type locality"

Anderson J . 1871. Description of a new genus of newts from western Yunan. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1871: 423–425.
Böhme W , Schöttler T , Nguyen TQ , Köhler J . 2005. A new species of salamander, genus Tylototriton (Urodela: Salamandridae) from northern Vietnam. Salamandra, 41(4): 215–220.
Chen XH , Wang XW , Tao J . 2010. A new subspecies of genus Tylototriton from China (Cudata, Salamandridae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 35(3): 666–670. (in Chinese)
Fang PW , Chang MLY . 1932. Notes on Tylototriton kweichowensis sp. nov. and asperrimus Unterstein. Sinensia, Nanking, 2: 111–122.
Fei L , Ye CY , Jiang JP . 2012. Colored Atlas of Chinese Amphibians and Their Distributions. Sichuan, China: Sichuan Publishing House of Science & Technology.
Fei L , Ye CY , Yang RS . 1984. A new species and subspecies of the genus Tylototriton (Caudata: Salamandridae). Acta Zoologica Sinica, 30: 85–91. (in Chinese)
Felsenstein J . 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39(4): 783–791.
Felsenstein J . 2004. Inferring phylogenies. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc. Publishers, 2: 465.
Gong Y , Shu G , Huang F , He L , Li C , Xie F . 2018. Courtship behaviour and male sexual competition of the Taliang crocodile newt, Liangshantriton taliangensis . Amphibia-Reptilia, 39(3): 275–288.
Grismer LL , PL Jr. Wood , Thura MK , Zin T , Quah ESH , Murdoch ML , Grismer MS , Lin A , Kyaw H , Ngwe L . 2017a. Twelve new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from isolated limestone habitats in east-central and southern Myanmar demonstrate high localized diversity and unprecedented microendemism. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 182(4): 862–959.
Grismer LL , PL Jr. Wood , Thura MK , Zin T , Quah ESH , Murdoch ML , Grismer MS , Lin A , Kyaw H , Ngwe L . 2017b. Phylogenetic taxonomy of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with descriptions of three new species from Myanmar. Journal of Natural History, 52(13–16): 881–915.
Grismer LL , PL Jr. Wood , Quah ESH , Thura MK , Espinoza RE , Grismer MS , Murdoch ML , Lin A . 2018a. A new species of Crocodile Newt Tylototriton (Caudata: Salamandridae) from Shan State, Myanmar (Burma). Zootaxa, 4500(4): 553–573.
Grismer LL , PL Jr. Wood , Thura MK , Quah ESH , Grismer MS , Murdoch ML , Espinoza RE , Lin A . 2018b. A new Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Shan Hills and the biogeography of Bent-toed Geckos from eastern Myanmar. Zootaxa, 4446(4): 477–500.
Grismer LL , PL Jr. Wood , Thura MK , Quah ESH , Murdoch ML , Grismer MS , Herr MW , Lin A , Kyaw H . 2018c. Three more new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Salween Basin of eastern Myanmar underscore the urgent need for the conservation of karst habitats. Journal of Natural History, 52(19–20): 1243–1294.
Grosse WR . 2013. Kommentierte Liste zur Bestimmung der Entwicklungsstadien von Schwanzlurchen Amphibia: Urodela. In: Schultschik G, Grosse WR. Mannheim, Gefährdete Molch- und Salamanderarten-Richtlinien für Erhaltungszuchten. Mertensiella. Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 189.
Gyi KM . 1969. The occurrence of Tylototriton verrucosus Anderson (1871) Urodela: Salamandridae at Taunggyi, Burma, Union of Burma. Journal of Life Sciences, 1969: 23–26.
Hadden RL . 2008. The Geology of Burma (Myanmar): An Annotated Bibliography of Burma’s Geology, Geography and Earth Science. Alexandria, Virginia: Topographic Engineering Center, US Army Corps of Engineers, 312.
Hall TA . 1999. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nuclear Acids Symposium Series, 41: 95–98.
Hedges SB . 1994. Molecular evidence for the origin of birds. Proceedingsof the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 91(7): 2621–2624.
Hernandez A . 2016. Crocodile Newts – the Primitive Salamandridae of Asia (Genera Echinotriton and Tylototriton). Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 416.
Hernandez A , Escoriza D , Hou M . 2018. Patterns of niche diversification in south-east Asian crocodile newts. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 276: 86–93.
Hillis DM , Moritz C , Mable BK . 1996. Molecular Systematics. 2nd edition. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc.
Hou M , Li P , Lü SQ . 2012. Morphological research development of genus Tylototriton and primary confirmation of the status of four cryptic populations. Journal of Huangshan University, 14(3): 61–65. (in Chinese)
Huelsenbeck JP , Hillis DM . 1993. Success of phylogenetic methods in the four-taxon case. Systematic Biology, 42(3): 247–264.
Huelsenbeck JP , Ronquist F . 2001. MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics, 17(8): 754–755.
IUCN . 2001. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.
IUCN Species Survival Commission . IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Katoh K , Misawa K , Kuma K , Miyata T . 2002. MAFFT: a novel method for rapid multiple sequence alignment based on fast Fourier transform. Nucleic Acids Research, 30(14): 3059–3066.
Khatiwada JR , Wang B , Ghimire S , Vasudevan K , Paudel S , Jiang J-P . 2015. A new species of the genus Tylototriton (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) from eastern Himalaya. Asian Herpetological Research, 6(4): 245–256.
Kumar S , Stecher G , Tamura K . 2016. MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33(7): 1870–1874.
Le DT , Nguyen TT , Nishikawa K , Nguyen SLH , Pham AV , Matsui M , Bernardes M , Nguyen TQ . 2015. A new species of Tylototriton Anderson, 1871 (Amphibia: Salamandridae) from northern Indochina. Current Herpetology, Kyoto, 34(1): 38–50.
Li SQ , Quan RC . 2017. Taxonomy is the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation-SEABRI reports on biological surveys in Southeast Asia. Zoological Research, 38(5): 213–214.
Liu CC . 1950. Amphibians of western China. Fieldiana, Zoology Memoirs, 2: 1–400.
Mulcahy DG , Lee JL , Miller AH , Chand M , Thura MK , Zug GR . 2018. Filling the BINs of life: Report of an amphibian and reptile survey of the Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) Region of Myanmar, with DNA barcode data. ZooKeys, 757: 85–152.
Nishikawa K , Khonsue W , Pomchote P , Matsui M . 2013a. Two new species of Tylototriton from Thailand (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae). Zootaxa, 3737(3): 261–279.
Nishikawa K , Matsui M , Nguyen TT . 2013b. A new species of Tylototriton from northern Vietnam (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae). Current Herpetology, 32(1): 34–49.
Nishikawa K , Matsui M , Rao DQ . 2014. A new species of Tylototriton (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) from central Myanmar. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society, 60: 9–22.
Nussbaum RA , ED Jr. Brodie , Yang DT . 1995. A taxonomic review of Tylototriton verrucosus Anderson (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae). Herpetologica, 51(3): 257–268.
Okamiya H , Sugawara H , Nagano M , Poyarkov NA . 2018. An integrative taxonomic analysis reveals a new species of lotic Hynobius salamander from Japan. PeerJ, 6: e5084.
Phimmachak S , Aowphol A , Stuart BL . 2015. Morphological and molecular variation in Tylototriton (Caudata: Salamandridae) in Laos, with description of a new species. Zootaxa, 4006(2): 285–310.
Posada D , Crandall KA . 1998. MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14(9): 817–818.
Poyarkov NA Jr., Che J , Min MS , Kuro-o M , Yan F , Li C , Iizuka K , Vieites DR . 2012. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Asian Clawed Salamanders, genus Onychodactylus (Amphibia, Caudata: Hynobiidae), with the description of four new species. Zootaxa, 3465: 1–106.
Qian L , Sun X , Li J , Guo W , Pan T , Kang X , Wang H , Jiang JP , Wu J , Zhang BW . 2017. A new species of the genus Tylototriton (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) from the southern Dabie Mountains in Anhui Province. Asian Herpetological Research, 8(3): 151–164.
Rambaut A , Suchard M , Xie W , Drummond A . 2014. Tracer v. 1. 6. Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh. Available at: .
Ronquist F , Huelsenbeck JP . 2003. MRBAYES 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics, 19(12): 1572–1574.
Shen YH , Jiang JP , Mo XY . 2012. A new species of the genus Tylototriton (Amphibia, Salamandridae) from Hunan, China. Asian Herpetological Research, 3(1): 21–30.
Stamatakis A , Hoover P , Rougemont J . 2008. A rapid bootstrap algorithm for the RAxML web servers. Systematic Biology, 57(5): 758–771.
Stuart BL , Phimmachak S , Sivongxay N , Robichaud WG . 2010. A new species in the Tylototriton asperrimus group (Caudata: Salamandridae) from central Laos. Zootaxa, 2650(1): 19–32.
Unterstein W . 1930. Beiträge zur Lurch- und Kriechtierfauna Kwangsi’s. 2. Schwanzlurche. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, 1930: 313–315.
Wang B , Nishikawa K , Matsui M , Nguyen TQ , Xie F , Li C , Khatiwada JR , Zhang B , Gong D , Mo Y , Wei G , Chen X , Shen Y , Yang D , Xiong R , Jiang J . 2018. Phylogenetic surveys on the newt genus Tylototriton sensu lato (Salamandridae, Caudata) reveal cryptic diversity and novel diversification promoted historical climatic shifts. Peer J, 6: e4384.
Yang DD , Jiang JP , Shen YH , Fei DB . 2014. A new species of the genus Tylototriton (Urodela: Salamandridae) from northeastern Hunan Province, China. Asian Herpetological Research, 5: 1–11.
Zhao YT , Rao DQ , Liu N , Li B , Yuan SQ . 2012. Molecular phylogeny analysis of Tylototriton verrucosus group and description of new species. Journal of West China Forestry Science, 41(5): 86–89.
[1] Ke Jiang, Kai Wang, Yu-Fan Wang, Cheng Li, Jing Che. A new species of the endemic Himalayan genus Liurana (Anura, Ceratobatrachidae) from southeastern Tibet, China, with comments on the distribution, reproductive biology, and conservation of the genus [J]. Zoological Research, 2019, 40(3): 175-184.
[2] Cheng Huang, Xue-You Li, Liu-Jun Shi, Xue-Long Jiang. Patterns of human-wildlife conflict and compensation practices around Daxueshan Nature Reserve, China [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(6): 406-412.
[3] Shao-Ying Liu, Kai He, Shun-De Chen, Wei Jin, Robert W. Murphy, Ming-Kun Tang, Rui Liao, Feng-Jun Li. How many species of Apodemus and Rattus occur in China? A survey based on mitochondrial cyt b and morphological analyses [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(5): 309-320.
[4] Masaharu Motokawa, Yi Wu, Masashi Harada, Yuta Shintaku, Xue-Long Jiang, Yu-Chun Li. Karyotypes of field mice of the genus Apodemus (Mammalia: Rodentia) from China [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(5): 348-355.
[5] Huai-Sen Ai, Kai He, Zhong-Zheng Chen, Jia-Qi Li, Tao Wan, Quan Li, Wen-Hui Nie, Jin-Huan Wang, Wei-Ting Su, Xue-Long Jiang. Taxonomic revision of the genus Mesechinus (Mammalia: Erinaceidae) with description of a new species [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(5): 335-347.
[6] Eliécer E. Gutiérrez, Guilherme S. T. Garbino. Species delimitation based on diagnosis and monophyly, and its importance for advancing mammalian taxonomy [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(5): 301-308.
[7] Roman A. Nazarov, Olivier S.G. Pauwels, Evgeniy L. Konstantinov, Anatoliy S. Chulisov, Nikolai L. Orlov, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.. A new karst-dwelling bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus) from Xiangkhoang Province, northeastern Laos [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(3): 202-219.
[8] Thy Neang, Somaly Chan, Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr.. A new species of smooth skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Scincella) from Cambodia [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(3): 220-240.
[9] Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr., Ivan I. Kropachev, Svetlana S. Gogoleva, Nikolai L. Orlov. A new species of the genus Theloderma Tschudi, 1838 (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Tay Nguyen Plateau, central Vietnam [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(3): 158-184.
[10] Nikolay A. Poyarkov, Jr., Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Akrachai Aksornneam, Tang Van Duong, Dmitriy V. Korost, Jing Che. A new genus and three new species of miniaturized microhylid frogs from Indochina (Amphibia: Anura: Microhylidae: Asterophryinae) [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(3): 130-157.
[11] Kai Wang, Ke Jiang, Yu-Fan Wang, Nikolay A. Poyarkov Jr., Jing Che, Cameron D. Siler. Discovery of Japalura chapaensis Bourret, 1937 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) from Southeast Yunnan Province, China [J]. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(2): 105-113.
[12] Jiang-Lang Wu, Yu-Fa Luo, Shu-Qiang Li. Nine new species of the spider genus Stedocys (Araneae, Scytodidae) from China and Thailand [J]. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(5): 215-242.
[13] Ya-Mi Zheng, Zhong-E Hou. Myanmarorchestia victoria sp. nov. (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Talitridae), a new species of landhopper from the high altitude forests in Myanmar [J]. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(5): 281-290.
[14] Liang Fei, Chang-Yuan Ye, Yu-Fan Wang, Ke Jiang. A new species of the genus Amolops (Anura: Ranidae) from high-altitude Sichuan, southwestern China, with a discussion on the taxonomic status of Amolops kangtingensis [J]. Zoological Research, 2017, 38(3): 138-145.
[15] Chatmongkon SUWANNAPOOM, Zhi-Yong YUAN, Nikolay A. POYARKOV Jr., Fang YAN, Somboon KAMTAEJA, Robert W. MURPHY, Jing CHE. A new species of genus Fejervarya (Anura: Dicroglossidae) from northern Thailand [J]. Zoological Research, 2016, 37(6): 327-337.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] LI Xing-peng,LI Cheng-de,SONG Li-wen,CHEN Yue-qu,WANG Yong-yu. Faunistic and Distribution of Eumolpidae (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea) Species in Heilongjiang Province, China[J]. Zoological Research, 2008, 29(4): 438 -446 .
[2] ZHENG Lan-ping,CHEN Xiao-yong,YANG Jun-xing. Composition and Status of Fishes of Nanla River in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China[J]. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(3): 334 -340 .
[3] HUANG Jin-wen , ZHAO Shi-ye,LIN Yizhou,YANG Lei,CHEN Yuan-zhong,TANG Si-xian ,*,HU Hui-jian ,*. Comparison of Breeding Ecology Between Two Color Morphs of Lanius schach[J]. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(3): 288 -294 .
[4] WANG Xiao-ai,CHEN Xiao-yong,YANG Jun-xing. Ichthyologic Fauna of Niulan River[J]. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(5): 585 -592 .
[5] WEI Gang,CHEN Fu-guan,LI De-jun. Preliminary Studies on Geographical Distribution and Faunal Regions of Amphibians of Guizhou Province[J]. Zoological Research, 1989, 10(3): 241 -249 .
[6] LI Feng-shan,NIE Hui,YE Chang-hong. Microscopic Analysis on Herbivorous Diets of Wintering Black-Necked Cranes at Caohai,China[J]. Zoological Research, 1997, 18(1): 51 -57 .
[7] XU Zheng-hui. Two New Species and Noe New Combination of The Conifer Sawfly Family Diprionidae (Hymenoptera:Symphyta) From Yunnan,China[J]. Zoological Research, 1997, 18(2): 171 -176 .
[8] LIU Wan-chen,CUI Jan-hua,WANG Yu-song,MA Ning,LI Yong-jun,SONG Ya-qin. Transferrin Polymorphism in Cashmere Goat[J]. Zoological Research, 1997, 18(2): 212 -220 .
[9] XU Zheng-hui,ZENG Guang,LIU Tai-yong,HE Yun-feng. A Study on Communities of Formicidae Ants in Different Subtypes of Vegetation in Xishuangbanna District of China[J]. Zoological Research, 1999, 20(2): 118 -125 .
[10] ZHANG Zhi-ying,CAO Min,YANG Xiao-dong,DENG Xiao-bao,SHE Yu-ping. A Study on Species Diversity of Ant in Fragments of Seasonal Rain Forest of Xishuangbanna,China[J]. Zoological Research, 2000, 21(1): 70 -75 .