Patterns of human-wildlife conflict and compensation practices around Daxueshan Nature Reserve, China
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Zoological Research    2018, Vol. 39 Issue (6) : 406-412     DOI: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.056
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Patterns of human-wildlife conflict and compensation practices around Daxueshan Nature Reserve, China
Cheng Huang1,2, Xue-You Li1, Liu-Jun Shi3, Xue-Long Jiang1,*
1 Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China
2 Kunming College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China
3 Daxueshan Nature Reserve, Yongde Yunnan 677600, China
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Abstract  
Understanding the spatial patterns of human-wildlife conflict is essential to inform management decisions to encourage coexistence, but it is constrained by the lack of spatially-explicit data. We collected spatially-implicit data of human-wildlife conflicts from 2009–2015 around Daxueshan Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China, and investigated the patterns and drivers of these conflicts. A questionnaire was also designed to capture local resident attitudes toward insurance-based compensation for the losses caused by targeted wildlife. We found that the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) was the most conflict-prone animal around the reserve, followed by the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) and Southeast Asian sambar (Cervus equinus). Conflicts were unevenly distributed among seasons, villages, and communities, with several grids identified as conflict hotspots. Poisson models revealed that human-bear conflicts were negatively related to distance to the reserve and proportion of forest, but positively correlated to the proportion of cropland. Binomial models showed that communities affected by crop depredation were positively correlated with the proportion of cropland and negatively correlated with distance to the reserve, whereas communities affected by livestock depredation were negatively correlated with the proportion of cropland. The insurance-based scheme has compensated over 90% of losses, to the satisfaction of 90.6% of respondents. Our results suggest that human-bear conflict could be potentially reduced by eliminating food crops near the reserve boundary and livestock grazing at conflict hotspots. In addition, the insurance-based scheme could be replicated at a broader scale with improvement in loss assessment.
Keywords Human-wildlife conflict      Asiatic black bear      Spatial heterogeneity      Insurance scheme      Daxueshan Nature Reserve     
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Corresponding Authors: Xue-Long Jiang,E-mail:jiangxl@mail.kiz.ac.cn   
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Cheng Huang, Xue-You Li, Liu-Jun Shi, Xue-Long Jiang. Patterns of human-wildlife conflict and compensation practices around Daxueshan Nature Reserve, China. Zoological Research, 2018, 39(6): 406-412.
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http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.056     OR     http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/Y2018/V39/I6/406
[1] ZHANG Ya-ping. A Non-Invasive Approach to The Genetic Analysis of Asiatic Black Bear[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 1996, 17(3): 253-258.
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