Zoological Research ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 139-145.doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2018.049

• Reports • Previous Articles    

Interchange between grooming and infant handling in female Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana)

Qi Jiang1, Dong-Po Xia2, Xi Wang1, Dao Zhang1, Bing-Hua Sun1, Jin-Hua Li1,3,*   

  1. 1 School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China
    2 School of Life Science, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China
    3 School of Life Science, Hefei Normal University, Hefei, Anhui 241000, China
  • Online:2019-03-18 Published:2019-01-11
  • Contact: Jin-Hua Li,E-mail:jhli@ahu.edu.cn E-mail:jhli@ahu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
     

Abstract: In some nonhuman primates, infants function as a social tool that can bridge relationships among group members. Infants are a desired commodity for group members, and mothers control access to them. The biological market theory suggests that grooming is widespread and represents a commodity that can be exchanged for infant handling. As a limited resource, however, the extent to which infants are interchanged between mothers (females with an infant) and non-mothers (potential handlers, females without an infant) remains unclear. In this study, we collected behavioral data to investigate the relationship between grooming and infant handling in free-ranging Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China. Our results showed that females with infants received more grooming than females without infants. After her infant was handled, mother females received more grooming than they did during daily grooming interactions. However, with the increasing number of infants within the social group, both the grooming that mothers received and the grooming that non-mothers invested for handling infants decreased. We also found that non-mothers invested more time in grooming to gain access to younger infants than older infants. Our results provide evidence that infants are social commodities for both mother and non-mother females. Mothers use infants for obtain grooming and non-mothers use grooming to gain access to infants. The current study implies a bidirectional and complex interchange pattern between grooming and infant handling to compensate for the dyadic grooming disparity in non-human primates.

Key words:

CLC Number: 

  •  
[1] Li-Biao ZHANG, Guang-Liang ZHANG, Zhan-Hui TANG, Ti-Yu HONG. Relationships between ectoparasites and grooming behavior of Tylonycteris pachypus and T. robustula [J]. Zoological Research, 2013, 34(6): 596-600.
[2] HUANG Jin-wen , ZHAO Shi-ye,LIN Yizhou,YANG Lei,CHEN Yuan-zhong,TANG Si-xian ,*,HU Hui-jian ,*. Comparison of Breeding Ecology Between Two Color Morphs of Lanius schach [J]. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(3): 288-294.
[3] HUANG Jin-wen,ZHAO Shi-ye,LIN Yizhou,YANG Lei,CHEN Yuan-zhong,TANG Si-xian,H. Comparison of Breeding Ecology Between Two Color Morphs of Lanius schach [J]. Zoological Research, 2009, 30(3): 288-294.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] ZHENG Ping-ping,CHEN Wen,LI Jie,RUI Jin-long,NIE Liu-wang *. Construction of a cDNA Library from the Testis and Sequence Analysis of the Ubiquitin Gene from Rana nigromaculata (in English)[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(1): 9 -16 .
[2] ZHANG Shu-chao,YUE Bi-song,ZOU Fang-dong*. Isolation and Characterization of Microsatellite DNA Markers from Forest Musk Deer (Moschus berezovskii)(in English)[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(1): 24 -27 .
[3] LIAO Wen-bo,LI Cao ,*,HU Jin-chu ,*,LU Xin. Vocal Behaviour of Sichuan Hill Partridge (Arborophila rufipectus) in Breeding Season[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(1): 56 -62 .
[4] PAN Pu-liang,WANG Hong,N.G.Jablonski. Long Bone and Skeletal Allometry in Rhinopithecus[J]. Zoological Research, 1989, 10(1): 23 -30 .
[5] . Phylogentic Relationships of Butterflies in the Subfamily Elymninae (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) Based on Mitochondrial ND1 and COI Gene Sequences[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(5): 477 -484 .
[6] MA Dong-mei,ZHU Hua-ping,GUI Jian-fang. Molecular Cloning and Expression Characterization of Prox1 in Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Eye Development[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(6): 589 -596 .
[7] DING Fang,ZHOU Hong-lin,LIU Yang,MA Lan,SU Ying,DU Ling. Effects of Glucose on Development of ICR Mouse Embryosin vitro[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(5): 501 -506 .
[8] GUI Xiao-jie,XIANG Zuo-fu,LI Li. A Preliminary Population Viability Analysis of Cabot’s Tragopan (Tragopan caboti)[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(6): 626 -633 .
[9] DAI Qiang,GU Hai-jun ,,WANG Yue-zhao. Theories and Models for Habitat Selection[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(6): 681 -688 .
[10] YANG Ze-yu,MIAO Yong-wang ,LI Da-lin,HUO Jin-long,CHEN Tao,HE Chao-yang,CHUANG Xiang-hui,TANG Shou-kun. Unfolding of Population Structure in Dehong Buffalo Using Microsatellite DNA Markers[J]. Zoological Research, 2007, 28(6): 659 -663 .