Zoological Research ›› 2017, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 88-95.doi: 10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.015

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Comparative study of the transfection efficiency of commonly used viral vectors in rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) brains

Shi-Hao Wu1,2, Zhi-Xing Liao1,2, Joshua D. Rizak1, Na Zheng1,2, Lin-Heng Zhang1,2, Hen Tang1, Xiao-Bin He6, Yang Wu6, Xia-Ping He1,2, Mei-Feng Yang4, Zheng-Hui Li1,2, Dong-Dong Qin1, Xin-Tian Hu1,3,5   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China;
    2 Nerve System Coding Discipline Group, Kunming College of Life Science, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650000, China;
    3 Kunming Primate Research Center, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China;
    4 Department of Anatomy and Histology & Embryology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, Kunming Medical University, Kunming Yunnan 650500, China;
    5 CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China;
    6 Center for Excellence in Brain Science, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan Hubei 430071, China
  • Received:2017-01-09 Revised:2017-03-03 Online:2017-03-18 Published:2017-03-18
  • Contact: Dong-Dong Qin, Xin-Tian Hu E-mail:qindong108@163.com;xthu@mail.kiz.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the National Program on Key Basic Research Project (973 Programs 2015CB755605) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81471312)

Abstract:

Viral vector transfection systems are among the simplest of biological agents with the ability to transfer genes into the central nervous system. In brain research, a series of powerful and novel gene editing technologies are based on these systems. Although many viral vectors are used in rodents, their full application has been limited in non-human primates. To identify viral vectors that can stably and effectively express exogenous genes within non-human primates, eleven commonly used recombinant adeno-associated viral and lentiviral vectors, each carrying a gene to express green or red fluorescence, were injected into the parietal cortex of four rhesus monkeys. The expression of fluorescent cells was used to quantify transfection efficiency. Histological results revealed that recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors, especially the serotype 2/9 coupled with the cytomegalovirus, human synapsin I, or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II promoters, and lentiviral vector coupled with the human ubiquitin C promoter, induced higher expression of fluorescent cells, representing high transfection efficiency. This is the first comparison of transfection efficiencies of different viral vectors carrying different promoters and serotypes in non-human primates (NHPs). These results can be used as an aid to select optimal vectors to transfer exogenous genes into the central nervous system of non-human primates.

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