Please wait a minute...
ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH    2016, Vol. 37 Issue (3) : 151-158     DOI: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.151
Reports |
Effects of forest fragmentation on nocturnal Asian birds: A case study from Xishuangbanna, China
Salindra K. DAYANANDA1,2,3,4, Eben GOODALE2, Myung-bok LEE2, Jia-Jia LIU5, Christos MAMMIDES6, Bonifacio O. PASION1,4, Rui-Chang QUAN1, J. W. Ferry SLIK7, Rachakonda SREEKAR1,8, Kyle W. TOMLINSON1, Mika YASUDA9
1 Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Yunnan 666303, China;
2 College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530005, China;
3 Foundation for Nature Conservation and Preservation, Panadura 12500, Sri Lanka;
4 University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
5 Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027, China;
6 Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Yunnan 666303, China;
7 Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jln. Tungku Link, Gadong BE1410, Brunei Darussalam;
8 School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia;
9 Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan
Download: PDF(3253 KB)   RICH HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

Owls have the potential to be keystone species for conservation in fragmented landscapes, as the absence of these predators could profoundly change community structure. Yet few studies have examined how whole communities of owls respond to fragmentation, especially in the tropics. When evaluating the effect of factors related to fragmentation, such as fragment area and distance to the edge, on these birds, it is also important in heterogeneous landscapes to ask how ‘location factors’ such as the topography, vegetation and soil of the fragment predict their persistence. In Xishuangbanna, southwest China, we established 43 transects (200 m×60 m) within 20 forest fragments to sample nocturnal birds, both visually and aurally. We used a multimodel inference approach to identify the factors that influence owl species richness, and generalized linear mixed models to predict the occurrence probabilities of each species. We found that fragmentation factors dominated location factors, with larger fragments having more species, and four of eight species were significantly more likely to occur in large fragments. Given the potential importance of these birds on regulating small mammal and other animal populations, and thus indirectly affecting seed dispersal, we suggest further protection of large fragments and programs to increase their connectivity to the remaining smaller fragments.

Keywords Forest fragmentation      Landscape ecology      Nocturnal birds      Owls      Trophic cascades     
Fund:

This study was financially supported by the 1000 Plan Recruitment Program of Global Experts of China to EG

Corresponding Authors: Eben GOODALE, Rui-Chang QUAN   
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Salindra K. DAYANANDA
Eben GOODALE
Myung-bok LEE
Jia-Jia LIU
Christos MAMMIDES
Bonifacio O. PASION
Rui-Chang QUAN
J. W. Ferry SLIK
Rachakonda SREEKAR
Kyle W. TOMLINSON
Mika YASUDA
Cite this article:   
Salindra K. DAYANANDA,Eben GOODALE,Myung-bok LEE, et al. Effects of forest fragmentation on nocturnal Asian birds: A case study from Xishuangbanna, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2016, 37(3): 151-158.
URL:  
http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.3.151     OR     http://www.zoores.ac.cn/EN/Y2016/V37/I3/151
Barton K, Barton MK. 2015[2015-12-21]. Package ‘MuMIn’. R package version 1, 18. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/MuMIn/MuMIn.pdf.
Bates D, Maechler M, Bolker B, Walker S. 2014[2015-12-01]. lme4:Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 1.1-7. https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/lme4/.
Bregman TP, Sekercioglu CH, Tobias JA. 2014. Global patterns and predictors of bird species responses to forest fragmentation:implications for ecosystem function and conservation. Biological Conservation, 169:372-383.
Burnham KP, Anderson DR. 2002. Model Selection and Multimodel Inference:a Practical Information-Theoretic Approach. New York:Springer Science & Business Media.
Cao M, Zou XM, Warren M, Zhu H. 2006. Tropical forests of Xishuangbanna, China. Biotropica, 38(3):306-309.
Chang X, Quan RC, Wang L. 2013. Bird conservation in extremely small tropical rainforest patches in southwest China. Biological Conservation, 158:188-195.
Corlett RT. 2014. The Ecology of Tropical East Asia. 2nd ed. New York:Oxford University Press.
Fahrig L. 2003. Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 34:487-515.
Gibson L, Lynam AJ, Bradshaw CJA, He FL, Bickford DP, Woodruff DS, Bumrungsri S, Laurance WF. 2013. Near-complete extinction of native small mammal fauna 25 years after forest fragmentation. Science, 341(6153):1508-1510.
Haddad NM, Brudvig LA, Clobert J, Davies KF, Gonzalez A, Holt RD, Lovejoy TE, Sexton JO, Austin MP, Collins CD, Cook WM, Damschen EI, Ewers RM, Foster BL, Jenkins CN, King AJ, Laurance WF, Levey DJ, Margules CR, Melbourne BA, Nicholls AO, Orrock JL, Song DX, Townshend JR. 2015. Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth's ecosystems. Science Advances, 1(2):e1500052.
Hagen M, Kissling WD, Rasmussen C, De Aguiar MAM, Brown LE, Carstensen DW, Alves-Dos-Santos I, Dupont YL, Edwards FK, Genini J, Guimarães Jr. PR, Jenkins GB, Jordano P, Kaiser-Bunbury CN, Ledger ME, Maia KP, Darcie Marquitti FM, MclaughlinÓ, Morellato LPC, O'Gorman EJ, Trøjelsgaard K, Tylianakis JM, Vidal MM, Woodward G, Olesen JM, De Aguiar M, Brown L. 2012. Biodiversity, species interactions and ecological networks in a fragmented world. Advances in Ecological Research, 46:89-210.
Hayward GD, Garton EO. 1984. Roost habitat selection by three small forest owls. The Wilson Bulletin, 96(4):690-692.
Heithaus ER. 1981. Seed predation by rodents on three ant-dispersed plants. Ecology, 62(1):136-145.
Kavanagh RP, Bamkin KL. 1995. Distribution of nocturnal forest birds and mammals in relation to the logging mosaic in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Biological Conservation, 71(1):41-53.
Kissling ML, Lewis SB, Pendleton G. 2010. Factors influencing the detectability of forest owls in Southeastern Alaska. The Condor, 112(3):539-548.
Lamberson RH, Noon BR, Voss C, McKelvey KS. 1994. Reserve design for territorial species:The effects of patch size and spacing on the viability of the Northern Spotted Owl. Conservation Biology, 8(1):185-195.
Lande R. 1987. Extinction thresholds in demographic models of territorial populations. The American Naturalist, 130(4):624-635.
Li HM, Ma YX, Aide TM, Liu WJ. 2008. Past, present and future land-use in Xishuangbanna, China and the implications for carbon dynamics. Forest Ecology and Management, 255(1):16-24.
Liu JJ, Slik JWF. 2014. Forest fragment spatial distribution matters for tropical tree conservation. Biological Conservation, 171:99-106.
Loayza AP, Carvajal DE, García-Guzmán P, Gutierrez JR, Squeo FA. 2014. Seed predation by rodents results in directed dispersal of viable seed fragments of an endangered desert shrub. Ecosphere, 5(4):1-9.
Loyn RH, Mcnabb EG, Volodina L, Willig R. 2001. Modelling landscape distributions of large forest owls as applied to managing forests in northeast Victoria, Australia. Biological Conservation, 97(3):361-376.
Mackinnon JR, Phillipps K. 2000. A Field Guide to the Birds of China. Oxford:Oxford University Press.
Martínez-Ortega C, Santos ESA, Gil D. 2014. Species-specific differences in relative eye size are related to patterns of edge avoidance in an Amazonian rainforest bird community. Ecology and Evolution, 4(19):3736-3745.
Matthews TJ, Cottee-Jones HE, Whittaker RJ. 2014. Habitat fragmentation and the species-area relationship:a focus on total species richness obscures the impact of habitat loss on habitat specialists. Diversity and Distributions, 20(10):1136-1146.
McGarigal K, Cushman SA, Ene E. 2012. FRAGSTATS:Spatial pattern analysis program for categorical and continuous maps. 4th ed. Amherst:Computer software program produced by the authors at the University of Massachusetts.
Mikkola H. 2014. Owls of the World:A Photographic Guide. London, UK:A&C Black.
Nakagawa S, Freckleton RP. 2011. Model averaging, missing data and multiple imputation:a case study for behavioural ecology. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(1):103-116.
Oksanen J, Blanchet FG, Kindt R, Legendre P, Minchin PR, O'Hara RB, Simpson GL, Solymos P, Stevens MHH, Wagner H. 2015. The vegan package:community ecology package. Available at:http://vegan.r-forge.rproject.org/. Accessed:November, 2015.
Olsen PD, De Juana E, Marks JS. 2016. Brown Boobook (Ninox scutulata). In:del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J, Christie DA, de Juana E. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona:Lynx Edicions.
Paradis E, Claude J, Strimmer K. 2004. APE:analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language. Bioinformatics, 20:289-290.
Šímová P, Gdulová K. 2012. Landscape indices behavior:A review of scale effects. Applied Geography, 34:385-394.
Sodhi NS, Posa MRC, Lee TM, Bickford D, Koh LP, Brook BW. 2010. The state and conservation of Southeast Asian biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(2):317-328.
Tang JW, Yin JX, Qi JF, Jepsen MR, Lü XT. 2012. Ecosystem carbon storage of tropical forest over limestone in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 24(3):399-407.
Terborgh J, Lopez L, Nuñez P, Rao M, Shahabuddin G, Orihuela G, Riveros M, Ascanio R, Adler GH, Lambert TD, Balbas L. 2001. Ecological meltdown in predator-free forest fragments. Science, 294(5548):1923-1926.
Turner MG, Gardner RH, O'Neill RV. 2001. Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice. New York:Springer.
Wagenmakers EJ, Farrell S. 2004. AIC model selection using Akaike weights. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 11(1):192-196.
Wang Y, Naumann U, Wright ST, Warton DI. 2012. mvabund:An R package for model-based analysis of multivariate abundance data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3(3):471-474.
Weaving MJ, White JG, Isaac B, Cooke R. 2011. The distribution of three nocturnal bird species across a suburban-forest gradient. Emu, 111(1):52-58.
Zhu H, Cao M, Hu HB. 2006. Geological history, flora, and vegetation of Xishuangbanna, Southern Yunnan, China. Biotropica, 38(3):310-317.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed