Please wait a minute...
ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH    2016, Vol. 37 Issue (1) : 21-30     DOI: 10.13918/j.issn.2095-8137.2016.1.21
Articles |
A new species of the genus Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from Medog of southeastern Tibet, China
Ke JIANG1, Kai WANG1,2, Da-Hu ZOU3,1, Fang YAN1, Pi-Peng LI4, Jing CHE1
1 State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Yunnan 650223, China;
2 Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History and Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman OK 73072-7029, U.S.A.;
3 Tibet University, Lhasa Tibet 850000, China;
4 Institute of Herpetology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang Liaoning 110034, China
Download: PDF(7235 KB)   RICH HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    

A new species of Scutiger Theobald, 1868 is described from Medog, southeastern Tibet, China, based on morphological and molecular data. The new species was previously identified as Scutiger nyingchiensis, but it can be differentiated from the latter and all other congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) medium adult body size, SVL 50.5-55.6 mm in males and 53.8-57.2 mm in females; (2) maxillary teeth absent; (3) web rudimentary between toes; (4) prominent, conical-shaped tubercles on dorsal and lateral surfaces of body and limbs; (5) tubercles covered by black spines in both sexes in breeding condition; (6) a pair of pectoral glands and a pair of axillary glands present and covered by black spines in males in breeding condition, width of axillary gland less than 50% of pectoral gland; (7) nuptial spines present on dorsal surface of first and second fingers, and inner side of third finger in males in breeding condition; (8) spines absent on the abdominal region; (9) vocal sac absent. In addition, the distribution and conservation status of the new species are also discussed.

Keywords Eastern Himalayas      Tibet      Scutiger nyingchiensis      Scutiger spinosus sp. nov.      DNA barcoding     

This study was supported by the "Light of West China" Program of the Chinese Academy of sciences (CAS), the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2014FY210200, 2011FY120200), and the Animal Branch of the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species of Chinese Academy of Sciences (the Large Research Infrastructure Funding)

Corresponding Authors: Jing CHE   
Issue Date: 18 January 2016
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Fang YAN
Pi-Peng LI
Jing CHE
Cite this article:   
Ke JIANG,Kai WANG,Da-Hu ZOU, et al. A new species of the genus Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from Medog of southeastern Tibet, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2016, 37(1): 21-30.
URL:     OR
Che J, Chen HM, Yang JX, Jin JQ, Jiang K, Yang ZY, Murphy RW, Zhang YP. 2012. Universal COI primers for DNA barcoding amphibians. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12 (2): 247-258.
Chen W, Bi K, Fu JZ. 2009. Frequent mitochondrial gene introgression among high elevation Tibetan megophryid frogs revealed by conflicting gene genealogies. Molecular Ecology, 18 (13): 2856-2876.
Delorme M, Dubois A. 2001. Une nouvelle espèce de Scutiger du Bhutan, et quelques remarques sur la classification subgénérique du genre Scutiger (Megophryidae, Leptobrachiinae). Alytes, 19: 141-153.
Dubois A. 1974 "1973".. Diagnoses de trois espèce nouvelles d'amphibiens du Népal. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 98: 495-497.
Dubois A. 1979. Une espèce nouvelle de Scutiger (Amphibiens, Anoures) du nord de la Birmanie. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 86: 631-640.
Fei L, Hu SQ, Ye CY, Huang YZ. 2009. Fauna Sinica, Amphibia, Vol. 2. Beijing: Science Press, 1-957. (in Chinese)
Frost DR. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (Nov 12, 2015). Electronic Database accessible at American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
Jiang K, Rao DQ, Yuan SQ, Wang JS, Li PP, Hou M, Chen MH, Che J. 2012. A new species of the genus Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from southeastern Tibet, China. Zootaxa, 3388: 29-40.
Li PP, Zhao EM, Dong BJ. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Tibet. Beijing: Science Press, 1-251. (in Chinese)
Liu CC. 1950. Amphibians of Western China. Chicago Natural History Museum, 2: 1-397.
Mittermeier RA, Gil PR, Hoffmann M, Pilgrim JD, Brooks TB, Mittermeier CG, Lamoreux JL, Fonseca GAB. 2004. Hotspots Revisited: Earth's Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX, 1-390.
Posada D, Crandall KA. 1998. MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14 (9): 817-818.
Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP. 2003. MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics, 19 (12): 1572-1574.
Sambrook J, Fritsch E, Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual (2nd edition). New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, .
Sarania B, Devi A, Kumar A, Wang K, Rakshit K. 2015. A record of Scutiger nyingchiensis Fei, 1977 (Amphibia: Anuran: Megophryidae) in the Eastern Himalaya, North East India. Current Science, 109 (3): 413-414.
Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G. 2011. MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28 (10): 2731-2739.
Wu YK, Murphy RW. 2015. Concordant species delimitation from multiple independent evidence: A case study with the Pachytriton brevipes complex (Caudata: Salamandridae). Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 92: 108-117.
[1] Yong-Bo Guo, Yao-Xi He, Chao-Ying Cui, Ouzhuluobu, Baimakangzhuo, Duojizhuoma, Dejiquzong, Bianba, Yi Peng, Cai-juan Bai, Gonggalanzi, Yong-Yue Pan, Qula, Kangmin, Cirenyangji, Baimayangji, Wei Guo, Yangla, Hui Zhang, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Wang-Shan Zheng, Shu-Hua Xu, Hua Chen, Sheng-Guo Zhao, Yuan Cai, Shi-Ming Liu, Tian-Yi Wu, Xue-Bin Qi, Bing Su. GCH1 plays a role in the high-altitude adaptation of Tibetans[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2017, 38(3): 155-162.
[2] Wang-Shan Zheng, Yao-Xi He, Chao-Ying Cui, Ouzhuluobu, Dejiquzong, Yi Peng, Cai-Juan Bai, Duojizhuoma, Gonggalanzi, Bianba, Baimakangzhuo, Yong-Yue Pan, Qula, Kangmin, Cirenyangji, Baimayangji, Wei Guo, Yangla, Hui Zhang, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Yong-Bo Guo, Shu-Hua Xu, Hua Chen, Sheng-Guo Zhao, Yuan Cai, Shi-Ming Liu, Tian-Yi Wu, Xue-Bin Qi, Bing Su. EP300 contributes to high-altitude adaptation in Tibetans by regulating nitric oxide production[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2017, 38(3): 163-170.
[3] Ke JIANG, Kai WANG, Fang YAN, Jiang XIE, Da-Hu ZOU, Wu-Lin LIU, Jian-Ping JIANG, Cheng LI, Jing CHE. A new species of the genus Amolops (Amphibia: Ranidae) from southeastern Tibet, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2016, 37(1): 31-40.
[4] Jing CHE, Kai WANG. AmphibiaChina: an online database of Chinese Amphibians[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2016, 37(1): 57-59.
[5] Guo-Gang ZHANG, Dong-Ping LIU, Feng-Shan LI, Fa-Wen QIAN, Tian MA, Ding DAN, Jun LU . Species and populations of waterbirds wintering in the Yarlung Zangbo and its tributaries in Tibet,China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 35(S1): 92-100.
[6] Qi-Xin ZHANG, Jin-Hua LI, Dong-Po XIA, Yong ZHU, Xi WANG, Dao ZHANG. Influence of dominance rank and affiliation relationships on self-directed behavior in female Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana)[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2014, 35(3): 214-221.
[7] Shuang WANG, Jin-Hua LI, Dong-Po XIA, Yong ZHU, Bing-Hua SUN, Xi WANG, Lei ZHU. Male-to-female agonistic support for copulation in Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2013, 34(3): 139-144.
[8] WANG Cheng-Ye, FENG Ying, CHEN Xiao-Ming. DNA barcoding analysis of processed medicinal insect Catharsius molossus[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2012, 33(6): 597-602.
[9] SUN Ping,YU Hong-Hao,ZHAO Xin-Quan,WANG De-Hua. Adaptation of vigilance behavior in ex situ conservation of Tibetan antelope[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2011, 32(5): 561-565.
[10] XU Ai-Chun,JIANG Zhi-Gang,LI Chun-Wang,CAI Ping. Food habits and hunting patterns of Tibetan brown bear during warm seasons in Kekexili region on Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2010, 31(6): 670-674.
[11] XIA Dong-Po,LI Jin-Hua,ZHU Yong,SUN Bing-Hua,Lori K SHEERAN,Megan D MATHESON. Seasonal variation and synchronization of sexual behaviors in free-ranging male Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2010, 31(5): 509-515.
[12] JI Huan,LI Jin-Hua,SUN Bing-Hua,ZHU Yong. Aggressive Behavior Comparisons of TibetanMacaques from Mt. Huangshan, China (Macaca thibetana) According to Their Age and Sex[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2010, 31(4): 428-434.
[13] CHEN Jun,LI Qi,KONG Ling-Feng,ZHENG Xiao-Dong,YU Rui-Hai. COI-based DNA Barcoding in Tapetinae Species (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Veneridae) along the Coast of CHINA[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2010, 31(4): 345-352.
[14] LIU Qun-xiu,WANG Xiao-ming. mplementation of Topography Factors in Habitat Assessment and Spatial Carrying Capacity Estimation for Tibetan Fox[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2009, 30(6): 679-686.
[15] WANG Xi,LI Jin-hua,XIA Dong-po,CHEN Ran,ZHU Yong,ZHANG Min,WANG Su. Comparisons on Reproductive and Aggressive Behaviors in Male Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana) of Two Different Operational Sex Ratio Troops at Huangshan, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2009, 30(1): 83-89.
Full text