动物学研究

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凹纹胡蜂与黑尾胡蜂生物学初步研究(膜翅目:胡蜂科)

董大志;王云珍   

  1. 中国科学院昆明动物研究所
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:1989-05-22 发布日期:1989-05-22

A preliminary study on the biology of wasps Vespavelutina auraria Smith and Vespatropica ducalis Smith (Hymenoptera:Vespidae)

DONG Da-zhi; WANG Yun-zhen   

  1. Kunming Institute of Zoology,Academia Sinica
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:1989-05-22 Published:1989-05-22

摘要: 本文首次介绍了凹纹胡蜂Vespa uelutina auraria Smith与黑尾胡蜂V.tropica ducalis Smith在实验室内饲养和自然条件下的生物学习性观察情况。结果表明,两种胡蜂在室内温度14-25 ℃,相对湿度43-89%,条件下完成一代发育所需时间为33-53天,其中卵期9-15天,幼虫期10-18天,蛹期15-20天,全年可发生三代。工蜂寿命为24-142天,雄蜂4-60天。凹纹胡蜂可在人工控制条件下越冬和自行营巢。两种胡蜂的主要天敌是蜂蝙科Stylopidae和寄绳科Tachinidae昆虫。

Abstract: The present paper deals with the biology of wasps Vespa velutina auraria Smith,V.tropica ducalis Smith.In Kunming they could have three generations a year and overwinters in the holes of trees and soil.These Wasps complete their life cycle in laboratory at 14-15℃,the relative humidity at 43-89% between 33-53 days,in which the egg stage 9-15 days,the larval stage 10-18 days,and pupal stage 15-20 days.The longivity of workers is 24-142 days,and 4-60 days for males.The queens emerge in March and nest-building in April-May.They only do two times of nest-building in their life cycles,first,is bencath soil surface,usually in abandoned rodent burrow,second,on the tree,but for somes,their life-cycles and all within the soil.Nests are typically built in the spring by a single female.The first offspring are all workers,mating of the new queen with the males in October-November,and then the inseminated queens hibernate in the last ten-days of November.The Wasps could build their nests under the control of artificial conditions.Their important natural enemies are the parasites,Stylopidae and Tachinidae.

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